Valentin Curtius

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Valentin Curtius ( Latinized from Valentin Korte , also Corte , born January 6, 1493 in Lübeck , † November 27, 1567 ibid) was a Protestant theologian and reformer .

Live and act

In the summer of 1512 he enrolled at the University of Rostock to study theology. According to the registry , Curtius was born in Lübeck. The sometimes found reference to Lebus as the city of birth seems to be based on a reading error. In the same year he entered the local St. Catherine's Monastery of the Franciscans . In the 1520s he lived in the Franciscan Convent in Rostock , which, like Lübeck, belonged to the Saxon Franciscan Province . He was considered one of the most well-read Franciscans in the city, in 1528 he was named as a lecturer in the Rostock religious studies for the next generation of the order, in 1529 as principal , i.e. possibly as lector principalis , the first of two or more lecturers.

Under the influence of Joachim Slueter , he turned to the Reformation and in May 1528 was recognized by the city council as a preacher at the Holy Spirit Church in Rostock , following the intervention of the civil parish . He finally left the monastery as principal tho Rostke in September 1529 (“du he uth der cappe und uth deme orden wolde”), which many citizens were happy about and celebrated with him for eight days (“hebben […] myt em slampampet eight days long "). In 1531 he was appointed senior pastor at St. Marien . At his wedding in 1532, the entire city council took part. Although he enjoyed the respect of the community, he left Rostock because of theological arguments. In 1534 he became a preacher in Lübeck at the St. Petri Church and in 1545 became its main pastor. After the death of Hermann Bonnus in 1553 he was appointed second superintendent of the Hanseatic city.

Curtius was a rigorous Gnesio Lutheran . He accused Philipp Melanchthon of giving in to the Augsburg Interim and also turned against Georg Major . In Lübeck Curtius advocated the strictly Lutheran view of the Lord's Supper. He also took part in several conventions that had become necessary due to these disputes (Mölln 1558, Braunschweig 1561). Curtius was the first to sign their statements.

Some of the reports submitted were written by him. For example the formula consensus de doctrina Evangelii (Lübeck formula) from 1560, which was valid until 1685. He also wrote the Protestatio contra synodum Tridentinam of 1561 to prove the illegality of the Council of Trent and its claims. Since his library fell victim to a fire, no other works have been preserved. Even if he was not an outstanding theologian, his performance and faithfulness to convictions are quite respectable.


  • Formula consensus de doctrina Evangelii , 1560 Lübeck
  • Protestatio contra synodum Tridentinam , 1561 Lübeck

Individual evidence

  1. See the entry of Valentin Curtius' matriculation in the Rostock matriculation portal
  2. ^ Ingo Ulpts: The mendicant orders in Mecklenburg. Werl 1995, p. 369.
  3. Sandra Groß: Rostock Monastery S. Katharina. (Ordo Fratrum Minorum / Franciscans). 3.3 Dignities and offices In: Wolfgang Huschner among others: Mecklenburgisches Klosterbuch. Volume II., Rostock 2016, pp. 873–898, here p. 877.
  4. Lambrecht Slagghert , Chronicle of the Ribnitz Monastery for the year 1529: "Valentin Korte, principal tho Rostke" (= Friedrich Techen : The Chronicles of the Ribnitz Monastery. Schwerin 1909, p. 165, line 25, digitized ).
    Ingo Ulpts: The mendicant orders in Mecklenburg. Werl 1995, p. 369.


Web links

predecessor Office successor
Hermann Bonnus Superintendent of the Lübeck Church
Andreas Pouchenius the Elder