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location Brandenburg , Germany
River system Elbe
Drain over Havel  → Elbe  → North Sea
origin at Uetz , originally at Dyrotz
muzzle in Potsdamer Havel ( Großer Zernsee ) Coordinates: 52 ° 24 '56 "  N , 12 ° 56' 13"  E 52 ° 24 '56 "  N , 12 ° 56' 13"  E

length 7.3 km
from sacrow-paretz canal crossed
Wublitz (Havel Canal)
Location dot green.svgformer Wublitz sources
Location dot blue.svgformer Wublitzsee
Location dot cyan.svgWublitzseengebiet

The Wublitz is a right branch of the Havel . It consists of a continuous chain of lakes beginning at Marquardt . The connection to the main river is provided by the Great Zernsee . Originally the Wublitz was a tributary . This changed when the upper course was interrupted several times. There is a risk of confusion with the Woblitz , a left tributary of the Havel.

Origin of the name of the water

The beginning of the name of the water body goes back to the word Havel . The river name came from Germanic . The Slavic languages adopted it. Reshaping and downsizing resulted in Voblica , which means 'Little Havel'.

History and course

The Wublitz originally had an upper course that was longer than the well-known chain of lakes, but the upper course has been cut several times by two canals and the outer Berlin motorway ring.

In front of these traffic structures, the headwaters of the Wublitz lay in the damp channel near Wustermark . As early as the 18th century, this channel contained a pseudobifurcation of trenches that drained north into the Great Havelland Main Canal and south to the Potsdam Havel . The Schöppengraben, later disappeared due to the construction of the Havel Canal , had its apex area roughly where the B 5 crosses the canal today . South of Dyrotz, the Priorter Graben (GKZ = 585282, length = 6.115 km) branched off to the east , which still exists today and is drained into the Havel Canal via the Satzkornschen Graben . Near these current estuaries, Schöppengraben and Priorter Graben merged in Wublitzsee before the canal was built. From there the Wublitz flowed through the wetland and today's nature reserve Falkenrehder Wublitz , in the middle of which a next trickle rises today, which in turn ends at the Havel Canal, here from the west. The Wublitz spring has been located at the same height but across the canal on the outskirts of Paaren since 1951/52. But at the end of the Berliner Ring in 1979, the water flowing there was interrupted. Since the onward transport of the water takes place here by infiltration, flooding in damp weather is now stronger here than under natural conditions.

Below the motorway embankment, the Wublitz is a chain of lakes, a cross arm of the Havel that ends blindly to the north, and does not depend on an inflow from above. The Sacrow-Paretzer Canal (the artificial main arm of the Havel in terms of its flow) has crossed the largest lake of the north-south running Wublitz, the Schlänitzsee , in an east-west direction since 1876 . Below Nattwerder it flows into the Great Zernsee of the Havel.

Definitions and dimensions

The area below the motorway is geographically called the Wublitzseengebiet. It consists of the federal waterway Wublitz (Wl) with 2.424 km between the bridges at Einhaus (without a house) and the bridge in Grube, the Schlänitzsee as part of the Sacrow-Paretz Canal with a north-south extension of 4.4 km, including bays, and a Second order waters of 452 m in length, for a total of 7.3 km. There are also 1.4 km from the Einhaus bridge to the middle of the Havel. The mean height of the water surface is 29.3  m above sea level. NHN . The length of lost upper reaches is 2.4 km from Paaren and a good 10 km from Wustermark .


The Wublitz Rinne meanders from the northern tip of the Großer Zernsee in a northward direction to the Berlin glacial valley . The drainage channel was created during the Glacial Vistula . The eponymous river fills the southern half of the depression .

Settlement and use

The villages of Marquardt, Grube and Nattwerder , which belong to Potsdam, are located on the banks of the Wublitz, which are largely under nature protection, while Uetz in the north and the Werderan Leest and Eichholz residential areas in the west .

On the east bank between Grube and Nattwerder there is a pumping station that keeps the water level in the trenches of the adjacent garbage meadow (proper name, no landfill) at 28.4 m above sea ​​level .


number km photography Name of the bridge place Structure Remarks location
16 1,380
Bike and footpath bridge over the Wublitz Bike and footpath bridge over the Wublitz, (Wublitzbrücke)
Werder (Havel) / Töplitz Girder bridge The original ferry and later bridge connection followed the course of the street called Mühlendamm to the narrowest point of the Wublitz near Einhaus , roughly where the foot and cycle bridge is today. The bridge consists of a steel structure with a combined arch and suspension beam. The bridge railway consists of wooden planks. Their length is 73.83 meters. The spans are 19.96 meters between the bank and the pillars and 29.91 meters between the pillars in the river. The bridge was built from 1998 to 1999. cards
17th 4,120
Wublitz Bridge Road bridge pit - Leest
Werder (Havel) / Potsdam Girder bridge The first wooden bridge between the village of Grube and the village of Leest was built in 1899 to create a better connection between the island of Töplitz and Potsdam. The bridge was made of wood, and due to the increase in traffic, a new steel bridge was built in 1932. This was destroyed shortly before the end of the war in 1945 and rebuilt after the war. Investigations of the structure in 2010 and 2015 showed that it is in poor condition. The bridge has a maximum capacity for vehicles with a total load of 30 tons in one-way traffic. Construction of a new bridge is scheduled to start in 2020. cards


Web links

Commons : Wublitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c State Office for the Environment, Health and Consumer Protection (LUGV), Brandenburg: List of waters. (River), Version 4.1., As of July 14, 2015. p. 31.
  2. a b Gebhard Falk, Heinz-Dieter Krausch (development): Havelland around Werder, Lehnin and Ketzin . 1st edition, self-published by the Institute for Regional Geography, Leipzig 1992, ISBN 3-86082-014-1 , individual representation. B 25 Wublitz, p. 100.
  3. Table sheet before 1948 with Schöppengraben, Priorter Graben and Wublitzsee
  4. Winfried Gutzeit / Hans Becker: Wublitz should flow again Potsdam Latest News, April 20, 2007
  5. General project description accessed on February 13, 2020