|Coordinates||48 ° 38 ' N , 2 ° 27' E|
|Former INSEE code||91228|
|Incorporation||1st January 2019|
Évry - block of flats
Evry is a town and a former French commune with 54,477 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Essonne in the region of Ile-de-France . It belonged to the Arrondissement Evry and Canton Evry . It was one of the five so-called Ville nouvelles around Paris and the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Evry-Corbeil-Essonnes . Since 1965 its official name was Évry Ville nouvelle .
With effect from January 1, 2019, the former municipalities of Évry and Courcouronnes were merged to form the Commune nouvelle Évry-Courcouronnes and have the status of a Commune déléguée in the new municipality . The administrative headquarters are located in Évry.
Location and climate
The city of Évry is located in the Seine valley approx. 30 km (driving distance) south of Paris at an altitude of approx. 70 m . The climate is temperate; Rain (approx. 640 mm / year) falls over the year.
The enormous population growth since the 1970s is mainly due to its relative proximity to the greater Paris area, which can be reached in just 30 minutes by car or train.
Until the middle of the 20th century, Évry was an agriculturally oriented place, the inhabitants of which lived on the yields of their fields and gardens. After the construction of the railway, production was also carried out for the Paris market (mainly wheat and sugar beet). Meanwhile, medium-sized industrial companies play the largest role in the economic life of the city, which is also home to the research institute for information technology and space travel, aviation and the electrical engineering industry; the European rocket launch company Arianespace has also set up shop here .
The name of the city is traced back to Eburos, a leader of the Gallic tribe of the Eburiacos . After the Roman conquest, the place was initially called Aperacum , before the place name changed around 50 BC. Chr. Changed to Apriacum and then to Avriacum . Around 1196, today's Evry Aivriacum was called . In the year 1326 the name form Aisvry can be found in the documents , later the place was again called Esvry . In 1376 the place was named Evry-sur-Seine to distinguish it from other places of the same name . Under the influence of Paul Decauville , a large landowner in the second half of the 19th century, the place was renamed Évry-Petit Bourg in 1881 .
- There were several castles on the territory of the former municipality, but they have all been destroyed. The best known was the Château de Petit-Bourg , built in the 17th century , which was acquired and rebuilt in 1795 by Madame de Montespan , the mistress of Louis XIV . After her death (1707) it changed hands several times and was completely renewed after 1756. It survived the revolutionary years, but was blown up by the Germans when they withdrew in 1944 and completely demolished in the 1950s. A new apartment block was built in its place.
- The city's new architecture was controversial from the start. In the meantime, however, some more interesting building projects have been implemented. This also includes a Buddhist temple, a Dominican monastery and a cathedral.
- The Cathedral of the Resurrection (French: Cathédrale de la Résurrection Evry ) was the first cathedral to be built in France for more than 100 years. It was built between 1991 and 1995 by the Swiss architect Mario Botta . He relied entirely on the effect of the brick as a design element and created two wall rings from simple brick exposed masonry.
The University of Arts Management (Administration de la Musique et du Spectacle Vivant) at the Université d'Évry - Val d'Essonne (DESS) is located in Évry . The university maintains a partnership with the Liszt School of Music Weimar and thus offers the opportunity to acquire a double master's degree. The city is also home to Institut Mines-Télécom Business School .
- Paul Decauville (* 1890), engineer, businessman and politician
- Valérie Crunchant (* 1978), actress
- Hameur Bouazza (* 1985), Algerian football player
- Medhi Benatia (* 1987), Moroccan-French football player
- Michaël D'Almeida (* 1987), track cyclist
- Le Patrimoine des Communes de l'Essonne. Flohic Éditions, Paris 2001, 2 volumes, ISBN 2-84234-126-0 , pp. 378–390.