Adalbert von Herrlein

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Adalbert von Herrlein
Mayor from 1835–1864

Adalbert Christoph Franz von Herrlein (born May 20, 1798 at the Graefenhof in Pfaffendorf near Pfarrweisach , Ebern district; †  June 4, 1870 in Aschaffenburg ) was the mayor of Aschaffenburg.


The Graefenhof was owned by the Barons von Stein (see Schloss Pfaffendorf ) from Altenstein until the end of the 18th century , until it was taken over in 1797 by his father, the Bamberg court councilor and landowner Valerius von Herrlein . Materially secure and well protected, brought up in a conservative Christian environment, the young Adalbert von Herrlein graduated from Bamberg high school by the summer of 1820 . On November 11, 1820, he enrolled to study law at the law faculty of the University of Würzburg . After completing his studies, he initially worked as an intern at the Karlstadt District Court from October 1823 to September 1826 , before taking the second state examination in law in Würzburg in September 1826 . He had his first professional job until autumn 1827 at the Karlstadt district court . In the winter of 1827/28 he worked at the district courts in Landau and Zweibrücken , from spring 1828 to autumn 1829 at the Arnstein district court . By royal rescript of September 15, 1829 he was then admitted to the bar in Aschaffenburg . There he married Elisabeth Würdtwein on September 12, 1830 (* May 13, 1804 in Aschaffenburg † January 26, 1873 in Aschaffenburg). She was the daughter of the Aschaffenburg hunting secretary Franz Xaver Würdtwein and Eva Hettinger; the marriage had seven children. On November 30, 1834, the next professional step was the appointment as a bill notary at the exchange court of first instance in Aschaffenburg.

In the summer of 1835, Herrlein was elected mayor of Aschaffenburg. He held this office until 1864. During his tenure, the number of inhabitants increased to around 11,000. In the course of industrialization, the cityscape changed: station construction and connection to the Ludwigs-West-Bahn, construction of paper mills and a gas factory, introduction of gas lighting, sewerage and overbuilding of the inner city ditches with streets (Löherstraße, Landingstraße), foundation of the boys' orphanage and the Savings bank . The construction of the Pompejanum and the Kippenburg also fall within his time.

During the revolutionary unrest of 1848 , the people-oriented mayor proved to be a clever and level-headed politician, so that the city remained on the soil of the constitutional monarchy with popular institutions. From 1856 to 1859 and 1863 to 1864 he was chairman of the Bavarian State Parliament.

Adalbert von Herrlein died of heart failure in his house in Roßmarkt at the age of 73. He was buried in the family crypt in the old town cemetery of Aschaffenburg. In 1908 a street was named after him. It reminds the citizens of Aschaffenburg of his local historical and communal political achievements and merits.


Coat of arms of the family v. Master

In addition to his official and representative duties, he researched local history, collected legends and wrote a city guide.

  1. Aschaffenburg. A handbook for the youth; Aschaffenburg: Pergay 1849 (VI. And 50 pp., 12 °)
  2. The legends of the Spessart; Aschaffenburg: Krebs 1851 (IV and 273 p., Large 12 °) digitized here
  3. Report on the discovery of a Roman fort in the Großwallstadt municipal forest; in: JbUfr 26 (1855/56) p. 12
  4. Aschaffenburg and the surrounding area. A manual for strangers; Aschaffenburg: Krebs 1857 (IV and 125 p., 4 maps, 12 °)
  5. Alzenau Castle; in: AU 14/2 (1857) pp. 93-116
  6. The sand church of the white lily in Aschaffenburg; in: SulK 1859, pp. 107-111
  7. The ring wall on the Findberge; in: AU 14 (1856) 1, 159-167 + AU 27 (1884) 306-312
  8. The legends of the Spessart; 2nd (increased) edition, ed. v. Johann Schober, Aschaffenburg: Krebs 1885 (XVI and 420 p., 8 °, canvas and half-canvas edition)
  9. Saga of the Spessart; 3rd ed., Ed. v. AH Häcker, Aschaffenburg: Cancer 1901
  10. The dwarfs in Joßgrund, a legend; in: Das Bayerland , Volume 17 (1906) p. 358 f.
  11. The beggar of Mespelbrunn, a legend; in: Spessart Calendar 1 (1911) pp. 48–50
  12. Legends of the Spessart by Adalbert von Herrlein; ed. v. J. Schober, 2 volumes, Aschaffenburg 1912 (together 387 pages)
  13. Rottenberg - The castle on the Graefenberg and the Klosterberg near Rottenberg; in: Der Kahlgrund 1 (1928) pp. 131-133
  14. The holy cross on the Sodenberg; in: Spessart Calendar 1912, p. 55 f.
  15. The plague in the Spessart; in: Der Kahlgrund 1 (1928) pp. 137–140
  16. The Wonburg; in: Der Kahlgrund 1 (1928) p. 130
  17. The Swedes at Obernburg; in: Aschaffenburger Geschichtsblätter 28 (1936) No. 5, p. 4
  18. Spessart - Legends. Collected by Adalbert v. Herrlein and Johann Schober. Completely reworked (with pictures by Wendelin Grossmann); Aschaffenburg: Pattloch 1946 (XI and 264 p., 8 °)
  19. Die Sagen des Spessart (reprint of the edition from 1851), Hildesheim: Olms 1982


  1. Hartmann, Guido: Adalbert von Herrlein 1798-1870 ; in: Aschaffenburger Geschichtsblätter 1 (1907) p. 19 f.
  2. Büttner, Dorothee: Aschaffenburg town sagas from Herrlein to Pfeifer (= approval work of the educational science faculty of the University of Würzburg), Würzburg 1977 (Mschr., III and 62 sheets)
  3. Griebel, Emil: Once upon a time there was a mayor of Aschaffenburg who wandered into the Spessart villages and collected legends ; in: Spessart 1981, No. 11, p. 2
  4. Griebel, Emil: Herrlein's book of legends was published 130 years ago ; in: Our Kahlgrund. Heimatjahrbuch 27 (1982) pp. 146-148
  5. Carsten Pollnick: Aschaffenburg mayor Würzburg: Volksblatt Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 1983, ISBN 3-429-00875-1

Web links

Wikisource: Adalbert von Herrlein  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Ulrich Wagner: Würzburg rulers, Bavarian minister-presidents, chairmen of the district council / district council presidents, regional presidents, bishops, lord mayors 1814–2006. In: Ulrich Wagner (Hrsg.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. Volume 2, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , pp. 1221-1224; here: p. 1221 f. ( Chairperson of the District Council / District Assembly President ).