Adam Afzelius

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Adam Afzelius, oil painting by CF von Breda

Adam Afzelius ( pronunciation : [ ˌɑːdam afˈseːliɵs ], born October 8, 1750 in Larv , Västergötland , Sweden ; † January 20, 1837 in Uppsala ) was a Swedish botanist . Its official botanical author abbreviation is “ Afzel. "

Live and act

Afzelius became a lecturer in oriental literature in 1777, as Carl von Linné's last pupil in 1785 as a demonstrator of botany at Uppsala University . In 1792 he went on a research trip to Sierra Leone . He lost his valuable collections as a result of the looting of the colony by the French. His brothers were Johan Afzelius (1753-1837), chemist at Uppsala University, and Pehr von Afzelius (1760-1843), professor of medicine there. The latter was considered an excellent teacher and practitioner.

In 1796 he was employed as a secretary at the Swedish embassy in London . He returned to his chair in Uppsala in 1799 and received the professorship of the materia medica in 1812 . On October 10, 1800 he was nicknamed Hesperus III. elected member ( matriculation no. 1015 ) of the Leopoldina . Uppsala University bought his ethnographic plant collection.


The plant genera Afzelia from the legume family and Afzeliella from the black- mouthed family (Melastomataceae) were named after Afzelius .


  • De vegetabilibus svecanis observationes et experimentam . Uppsala 1785 ( ).
  • Afzelius, Adam . In: Herman Hofberg, Frithiof Heurlin, Viktor Millqvist, Olof Rubenson (eds.): Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon . 2nd Edition. tape 1 : A-K . Albert Bonniers Verlag, Stockholm 1906, p. 11 (Swedish, ).
  • Genera plantarum guineensium . Uppsala 1804 ( Google Books ).
  • Stirpium in Guinea medicinalium species novae . Uppsala 1818.
  • Stirpium in Guinea medicinalium species cognitae . Uppsala 1825.
  • Afzelius published the autobiography Linnaeus (German, Berlin 1826)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ferdinand Neigebaur : History of the imperial Leopoldino-Carolinian German Academy of Natural Scientists during the second century of its existence. 1860, p. 242 online
  2. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names . Extended Edition. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin, Free University Berlin Berlin 2018. [1]