Adam Franz Lennig
Adam Franz Lennig (born December 3, 1803 in Mainz , Grand Duchy of Hesse ; † November 22, 1866 there ) was a German Roman Catholic theologian . He was vicar general and cathedral dean of the diocese of Mainz .
Adam Franz Lennig's parents were the Mainz trader Nikolaus Lennig and his wife Maria Katharina Elisabetha, née Mentzler. His older brother Friedrich Lennig was a highly educated writer, translator and dialect poet of the Mainz and Rheinhessen dialects . He mastered the ancient languages, as well as French, Italian and English.
Adam Franz Lennig attended the Rabanus-Maurus-Gymnasium in Mainz . As a twelve-year-old, his parents placed him in the educational care of the ex- Jesuit Laurentius Doller in Bruchsal and later to attend the episcopal grammar school in Mainz.
Because he for a consecration was too young, he allowed his parents to study in Paris (1824-1826) to at Antoine Isaac Baron Silvestre de Sacy to learn oriental languages, Silvestre de Sacy considered the founder of modern Arabic . In 1827 Lennig was able to continue his theological studies in Rome . On September 22nd, 1827, at the age of 23, Adam Franz Lennig was ordained a priest in Rome .
Lennig returned to his hometown Mainz. He worked there as a clergyman , became professor of history at the episcopal seminary in 1828 and strove to achieve political goals as well. Lennig was an ultramontane thinking theologian, which meant that he was a staunch defender of the rights of the Roman Catholic Church and the absolute authority of the Pope . The government of the Grand Duchy of Hesse had tried for a long time to influence internal church affairs. On January 30, 1830, she passed 39 articles on ecclesiastical administration. Lennig forwarded the article to the Vatican, which responded with a protest note . Joseph Vitus Burg , the bishop of Mainz , however, defended the 39 articles. Lennig then left Mainz and went to Bonn. There he heard lectures by Johann Michael Sailer , Karl Joseph Hieronymus Windischmann and Heinrich Klee .
In June 1832 Adam Franz Lennig took up a pastor's position in Gaulsheim, today a district of Bingen am Rhein , although he had received an offer to take over the chair for theology and exegesis in Mainz. In 1839 Lennig became pastor of Seligenstadt .
Work in Mainz and death
Under Peter Leopold Kaiser , Bishop of Mainz, Adam Franz Lennig was accepted into the Mainz Cathedral Chapter in June 1845 . On March 23, 1848, Lennig founded the Pius Society for Religious Freedom . Bishop Emanuel Ketteler appointed him vicar general on November 11, 1852 and dean of the cathedral on February 28, 1856 .
After his death in 1866, Adam Franz Lennig found his final resting place in the main cemetery in Mainz .
- Heinrich Brück : Adam Franz Lennig. General vicar and dean of the cathedral of Mainz. Publishing house Kirchheim, Mainz 1870.
- Otto Pfülf: Bishop of Ketteler . A historical representation. Verlag Kirchheim, Mainz 1899 (3 volumes, passim).
- Anton Diehl: Adam Franz Lennig. Cathedral dean and vicar general of Mainz. Volksvereins-Verlag, Mönchen-Gladbach 1914.
- Klaus Schlupp: School, Church and State in the 19th Century. The Catholic elementary school in the Diocese of Mainz and the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt 1830–1877. Verlag Bautz, Nordhausen 2005, ISBN 3-88309-316-5 .
- Lexicon article
- Heinrich Reusch: Lennig, Adam Franz . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1883, p. 261 f.
- Francis Mershman: Adam Franz Lennig . In: Catholic Encyclopedia , Volume 9, Robert Appleton Company, New York 1910.
- The Catholic. Journal for Catholic Knowledge and Church Life , vol. 47 (1867), no. 1, p. 257.
- Joseph May: History of the General Assembly of Catholics in Germany (1848-1902). Festschrift for the 50th General Assembly. Verlag Bachem, Cologne 1904, pp. 22, 26, 33.
- Ludwig Lenhart : The Mainz Canon AF Lennig to the Strasbourg Bishop Andreas Raeß about the failed Mainz bishop's candidacy of the Giessen university professor Dr. Leopold Schmid. In: Archive for Middle Rhine Church History , vol. 11 (1959), pp. 264–279.
- Christoph Stoll: Bishop Ketteler and the Roman Curia 1854-1855. The treatment of the Mainz-Darmstadt Convention of 1854 in Rome according to Vatican documents and letters from Adam Franz Lennig to his nephew Christoph Moufang . In: Archive for Middle Rhine Church History , vol. 29 (1977), pp. 193-252.
- democracy history.eu http://www.demokratiegeschichte.eu/index.php?id=312&no_cache=1&tx_cagtimebar_pi1%5Bfrom%5D=1830-01-01
|SURNAME||Lennig, Adam Franz|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German theologian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 3, 1803|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Mainz|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 22, 1866|
|Place of death||Mainz|