Christoph Moufang

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Franz Christoph Ignaz Moufang (born February 17, 1817 in Mainz , Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt ; † February 27, 1890 in Mainz, Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt) was a Roman Catholic theologian , politician , author of theological writings, rain of the Mainz seminary, finally Capitular vicar and diocese administrator of the Mainz diocese .

Christoph Moufang as Mainz cathedral capitular ( portrayed on an oil painting around 1870 - inventory of the Mainz seminary)

Origin and family

Christoph Moufang on a photograph by L. Haase & Co., Berlin around 1874

Christoph Moufang is the son of Wilhelm Moufang (1779–1845), a businessman in Mainz and his wife Katharina Wilhelmine, a daughter of the businessman Nikolaus Lennig. Christoph Moufang's better-known family members include his uncle Friedrich Lennig and Adam Franz Lennig , his nephew , the religious historian and Indologist Edmund Georg Nicolaus Hardy and his niece Katharina Wilhelmine Moufang, who was married to the Reichstag member Nicola Racke , his nephew the Heidelberg lawyer Wilhelm Moufang's father of his great-nephews Nicola Moufang , Eugen Moufang , Franz Moufang , Wilhelm Moufang and the grandchildren of his great-nephew Franz Moufang, Alexis Grammatidis, doctor of dentistry and orthodontist , the composer and sound artist David Moufang , Gabriel Grammatidis, business graduate, system developer and international speaker .

Live and act

Formation and ordination

Christoph Moufang studied medicine and theology in Mainz , Bonn , Munich and Gießen and was ordained a priest in Mainz on December 19, 1839 . After several posts in the diocese of Mainz, he was appointed in 1851 by Bishop Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler to reign the newly founded Mainz seminary .

Donation by will to the seminary

In these years one of the most important donations fell through inheritance to the diocese of Mainz. By will, Johann Friedrich Heinrich Schlosser , also known as Fritz, bequeathed his 35,000-volume library to the Mainz seminary . During the term of Christoph Moufang's appointment to rain the seminary, the important, now considerably expanded, library of the seminary was in Moufang's care.

Diocese administrator during the vacancy

After the death of Bishop von Kettelers, Moufang was elected bishop by the cathedral chapter on July 13, 1877 ; but the election was not confirmed by the grand ducal Hessian government and he was therefore not consecrated bishop. For this reason, he led the diocese as the vicar of the capitulars through the vacancy during the period of the Kulturkampf up to the consecration of Bishop Haffner in 1886, and then initially resumed his role as the reign of the seminary.

Like his uncle Adam Franz Lennig, Moufang was one of the initiators of the German Catholic Days . The first Catholic Day took place in Mainz in 1848. In 1868, Moufang was founded by Pope Pius IX. Appointed to the commission for the preparation of the First Vatican Council (1869–1870).

In addition to the church office, constant commitment to politics and social issues

In addition to his church office, Moufang, like many other church princes of his time, like his predecessor, took an active part in political events. Moufang founded the Center Party of Hesse in 1862 . He represented Bishop Wilhelm Emmanuel von Ketteler from 1862 to 1877 in the first chamber of the state estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and from 1871 to 1890 belonged to the central faction in the German Reichstag . During this time he represented the constituency of Koblenz 5 (Mayen - Ahrweiler) from 1871 to 1873 , of the Grand Duchy of Hesse 9 (Mainz) from 1874 to 1881 and of Cologne 6 (Mülheim am Rhein - Wipperfürth - Gummersbach) from 1881 to 1890. . Moufang addressed the " social question " at an early stage and put forward considerations on it that were later reflected in the theories of the social market economy .

Christoph Moufang was buried in the main cemetery in Mainz .


Main work
  • The Mainz catechisms from the invention of the art of printing to the end of the 18th century . (Mainz, 1878).
  • Catholic catechisms of the 16th century in German . Edited and annotated. (Mainz, 1881).
Smaller fonts (selection)
  • The Sisters of Mercy, a presentation of their founding, dissemination, establishment and effectiveness . (Mainz, 1842).
  • The informative process. A canonical discussion . (Mainz, 1850).
  • The Catholic parish schools in the city of Mainz . (Mainz, 1863).
  • The ban on marriages between close relatives. Illumination of the reasons for this prohibition . (Mainz, 1863).
  • The craftsman question . (Mainz, 1864). A speech given in the state parliament in Darmstadt, published with comments.
  • The Church and the Congregation of Catholic Scholars . (Mainz, 1864), an answer to Dr. Friedrich Micheli's church or party .
  • Cardinal Wiseman and His Contributions to Science and the Church . (Mainz, 1865).
  • The struggle for Rome and its consequences for Italy and the world . (Mainz, 1868).
  • Carl August, Cardinal von Reisach . In "Katholic", 1870, I, 129-50.
  • God's special protection over Pope Pius IX . (Mainz, 1871).
  • Files relating to the Jesuits in Germany. Collected and provided with explanations. (Mainz, 1872).


  • Ludwig Berg: Christoph Moufang as a moral theologian. In: Yearbook for the Diocese of Mainz. Volume 4, 1949, pp. 101-114
  • Eckhard Hansen, Florian Tennstedt (Eds.) U. a .: Biographical lexicon on the history of German social policy from 1871 to 1945 . Volume 1: Social politicians in the German Empire 1871 to 1918. Kassel University Press, Kassel 2010, ISBN 978-3-86219-038-6 , p. 111 f. ( Online , PDF; 2.2 MB).
  • Friedrich LauchertMoufang, Christoph . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 52, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, pp. 486-488.
  • Ludwig Lenhart : Regens Moufang and the Vaticanum. In: Yearbook for the Diocese of Mainz. Volume 5, 1950, pp. 400-441.
  • Ludwig Lenhart: Moufang's rejection as a chapter vicar by the Hessian state and the resulting vacancy in Mainz from 1877 to 1886. In: Archive for Middle Rhine Church History. Volume 19, 1967, p. 157.
  • Jochen Lengemann : MdL Hessen. 1808-1996. Biographical index (= political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse. Vol. 14 = publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. Vol. 48, 7). Elwert, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-7708-1071-6 , p. 269.
  • Klaus-Dieter Rack, Bernd Vielsmeier: Hessian MPs 1820–1933. Biographical evidence for the first and second chambers of the state estates of the Grand Duchy of Hesse 1820–1918 and the state parliament of the People's State of Hesse 1919–1933 (= Political and parliamentary history of the State of Hesse. Vol. 19 = Work of the Hessian Historical Commission. NF Vol. 29) . Hessian Historical Commission, Darmstadt 2008, ISBN 978-3-88443-052-1 , No. 608.
  • Klaus Schlupp: School, Church and State in the 19th Century. The Catholic elementary school in the Diocese of Mainz and the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt 1830–1877. Nordhausen 2005.
  • Manfred WeitlauffMoufang, Christoph. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , pp. 232-234 ( digitized version ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Weitlauff, Manfred, "Moufang, Christoph" in: Neue Deutsche Biographie 18 (1997), pp. 232-234 [online version]; URL:
  2. Edmund Hardy in Archivlink ( Memento of the original dated February 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. a b Heidelberg City Archives, Franz Moufang family records.
  4. ^ Heidelberg City Archives, Franz Moufang family documents and the Feuerlein family association, Conradi tribe [1]
  5. A speech on the Reichstag election in 1871 on "The Social Question" is printed in: Collection of sources for the history of German social policy 1867 to 1914 , Section I: From the time when the Reich was founded to the Imperial Social Message (1867-1881) , Volume 8: Basic questions of social policy in public discussion: churches, parties, clubs and associations , edited by Ralf Stremmel, Florian Tennstedt and Gisela Fleckenstein, Darmstadt 2006, No. 24.
  6. ^ Fritz Specht / Paul Schwabe: The Reichstag elections from 1867 to 1903. Statistics of the Reichstag elections together with the programs of the parties and a list of the elected representatives . 2nd edition Berlin: Verlag Carl Heymann, 1904, p. 176; see. also A. Phillips (Hrsg.): The Reichstag elections from 1867 to 1883. Statistics of the elections for the constituent and North German Reichstag, for the customs parliament, as well as for the first five legislative periods of the German Reichstag . Berlin: Verlag Louis Gerschel, 1883, p. 101; Compare short biography in: Hirth, Georg (Ed.): German Parliament Almanach . 14th edition of November 1881. Leipzig & Munich: Verlag Georg Hirth, 1881, p. 186