Adolf Exner

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Adolf Exner
Adolf Exner and his sister Marie von Frisch (née Exner), 1893/94?

Adolf Exner (born February 5, 1841 in Prague , † September 10, 1894 in Kufstein (Tyrol)) was an Austrian lawyer and law professor.


Adolf was the eldest son of Franz Serafin Exner and Charlotte Dusensy. He had three brothers named Karl Exner , Sigmund Exner and Franz-Serafin Exner and the sister Marie von Frisch . After graduating from high school at the Theresianum in Vienna , he studied law in Vienna and completed a further training scholarship (1863–64) in Leipzig , Heidelberg and Berlin . After returning to Vienna, he qualified as a professor in Roman law in 1866 and was appointed full professor at the University of Zurich in 1868 at the age of 27 . During his time in Zurich (1869) he and his sister Marie Frisch became friends with the poet Gottfried Keller , who visited him in Salzkammergut and Vienna, and with the archaeologist Otto Benndorf . In 1871/72 he received a call to Innsbruck , Würzburg and Kiel , which he declined in favor of the call to Vienna in 1872 as the successor to Rudolf von Ihering . In 1878 he married the banker's daughter Constanze Grohmann (1858–1922), with whom he had three children: Nora, Franz Exner and Gertrud Exner. In 1891/92 he was rector of the university. He was a teacher at the Crown Prince's court and a lifelong member of the manor house (1892) and the Imperial Court (1894). In addition to annual stays in Italy , he traveled to England , France , Holland , Greece , Asia Minor and Egypt .

Adolf Exner died unexpectedly of a heart attack in 1894 . In the year of his death, he was about to be appointed Minister of Justice. A memorial plaque in Vienna (Josefstädter Straße 17) reminds that Gottfried Keller was staying in Vienna in 1874 as a guest of Adolf Exner. Keller himself described the time he spent in Vienna as the happiest days of his life.

His honorary grave is in the Dornbacher Friedhof in Vienna (group 9, number 32 A).


The Austrian Mortgage Law , Leipzig 1881 (double title page)
  • The doctrine of the acquisition of rights through tradition according to Austrian and common law, 1867
  • Critique of the concept of lien under Roman law, Leipzig 1873
  • The Austrian Mortgage Law, 2 volumes, 1876/81
  • The concept of force majeure (vis major) in Roman and today's traffic law, Vienna: Hölder 1883
  • On political education (Rector's speech), 1891


Web links

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