Alexander Dominicus

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Alexander Dominicus, 1911
Günther Groenhoff (with plaque) with Alexander Dominicus (right) at the awarding of the eagle plaque, 1932

Adolf Alexander Eberhard Dominicus (born April 19, 1873 in Strasbourg , † October 18, 1945 in Freiburg im Breisgau ) was a German lawyer , civil servant and politician ( DDP , later non-party).


After graduating from high school, Dominicus began studying law in Strasbourg, Munich and Berlin , which he completed in 1894 with the first state examination and in 1899 with the second state examination. During his studies in 1894 he founded the ATV Burgund Strasbourg . In 1900 he entered the administration of Alsace-Lorraine as a government assessor , was an alderman of the city of Strasbourg from 1902 and was later promoted to government councilor. As an alderman of Strasbourg, Dominicus is said to have initiated pioneering reforms in labor and youth welfare, urban planning and the school system; so he set up an employment office for the first time and suggested the establishment of an unemployment insurance . The Strasbourg model later became the model for the German Reich laws on job placement and unemployment insurance of 1927.

From 1911 to 1921 he was Lord Mayor of Schöneberg , which became part of Greater Berlin on October 1, 1920 . His predecessor as Lord Mayor was Rudolph Wilde , who had carried out the planning for the Schöneberg Town Hall , which was carried out under Dominicus with the laying of the foundation stone on May 26, 1911.

Dominicus was mobilized as a reserve officer (captain of the reserve ) in August 1914 and wounded in the fighting in northern France a month later. After the First World War , Dominicus joined the DDP and was a member of the Prussian state assembly and the Prussian state parliament from 1919 to 1924 . From April 21, 1921 to November 7, 1921, Dominicus was the Prussian Minister of the Interior in the state government led by Prime Minister Adam Stegerwald . In 1920/1921 he was chairman of the DDP parliamentary group, which he left on October 22, 1924.

After leaving the public service, Dominicus was head of the Heuberg children's recreation home on the Swabian Alb . He participated in the promotion of German aviation, was chairman of the German Aviation Association from 1926 to 1933 and vice-president of the German Air Council for the development of aviation, and until 1941 was managing director of an aeronautical institute in Rust . He was also chairman of the German Gymnastics Association from 1929 to 1933 .

His grave is in the cemetery on Stubenrauchstrasse in Berlin.


After Alexander Dominicus in Schöneberg is Dominicusstraße named by the station Schöneberg leads to the Schöneberg Town Hall. In 1924 Dominicus was honored as the city ​​elder of Berlin .

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Web links

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