Old Church (Dresden-Leuben)

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The old church is the first traditional church building in Dresden 's Leuben district . In 1901, after the construction of the Assumption Church in Leuben, the church was torn down except for the tower. The tower is protected as a cultural monument.

The old parish church around 1899


The parish church of Leuben on an engraving from 1820

A parish in Leuben was first mentioned in 1362. At that time Dobritz and Niedersedlitz were already part of the parish. The well-known old parish church was built in 1512 or a previous building was fundamentally rebuilt at that time. In the Middle Ages it was the only church between Dresden and Dohna . The church was built on the highest point of the village. It was surrounded by a cemetery from the start; in front of the church was the village pond. It was followed by the rectory and the farms of the peasants. Cattle markets were held around the church three times a year until the end of the 19th century.

Preserved tower of the old parish church in 2010

The interior of the church was completely renovated in 1610. It received a gallery, a new pulpit and a new font. In 1620 the old organ was modernized. After lengthy negotiations, in 1674 the villages of Laubegast , Tolkewitz and Seidnitz were re-parished from the Frauenkirchgemeinde to Leuben. Due to the increased number of parishioners, the church had to be rebuilt in the same year. The interior was expanded and in this context got larger windows. The cemetery around the church was relieved by a new church on the Pirnaische Landstrasse . Further repair work of the church has been handed down for the years 1704 and 1728.

In the course of industrialization , Leuben grew steadily until around 1900. The number of parish members also rose by leaps and bounds, so that the old parish church soon proved to be too small. The community therefore decided in 1897 to build a new church, which was implemented in 1899 by Karl Emil Scherz right next to the old parish church and consecrated as the Ascension Church on May 16, 1901. The village pond at the old church was filled in in the train.

The last service took place in the old village church on May 12, 1901. The bells from 1879 were donated together with the Schröder organ to the church in Karbitz , Bohemia . It was planned to tear down the entire church, but the residents of Leuben, but also homeland protectors like Cornelius Gurlitt, insisted that at least the old church tower was preserved. A local history museum was set up in the tower, which was the smallest museum in the city after Leuben was incorporated into Dresden in 1921 and was part of the city ​​museum from 1921 . As early as 1932 the collection, which included the old pulpit of the church, but also spinning wheels, Bibles, utensils from the Leuben night watchman and children's cradles, was lost.

Today the tower is used by the New Community in Leuben. On the occasion of the Open Monument Day 2010, an exhibition on the history of the church was on view on the ground floor of the tower.

Building description

Interior with a view of the organ
Interior with a view of the pulpit

The old parish church was originally a hall church in the Gothic style, but its style was changed through numerous renovations. It was vaulted inside, the vault was decorated with stucco . It partly had two-storey galleries and arched windows , which were presumably given new tracery as early as 1610 and were later framed in baroque style. The windows were partially covered by the galleries.

The church could be entered through two doors on the north side. Gurlitt described the layout of both doors as “peculiar”, as “the broad door walls […] were both outwardly and in the soffit in the manner of the Gothic measurement.” The keystone of one door bore the year 1704. The other was in the Walled in tower.

The square, two-story tower was "set in the hall church". It ends with a steep hipped roof and a high, eight-sided roof turret. The weather vane is marked “1875 | JHGVO H. | repair: 1776. | vern. 1846. | 1674. “The inscription refers to Johann Georg von Osterhausen in Lockwitz. It is believed that the tower was built at the same time as the church was built.



The altar was in front of the organ gallery. Three pointed arches with empty fields rose above a simple cafeteria , with the raised central arch ending with a cross. A crucifix was set up in front of the central field .


Pulpit of the old church in the choir of the Chemnitz city church St. Jakobi

The pulpit dates from 1610. In 1612 the sandstone pulpit was painted by the Dresden painter Andreas Göding . It formed five sides of an octagon over a cube-shaped foot. The front panel of the pulpit showed Christ on the cross, painted in oil. At the foot of the cross two angels with open books could be seen and behind them three men who apparently mocked the crucified. The remaining four pulpit fields bore verses from the Bible.

The sound cover of the pulpit was made of wood and repainted in 1856. The preaching John the Baptist was placed on a square elevation in the middle of the lid .

Gurlitt assessed the pulpit as “very poor, probably only from the second half of the 17th century”. After the church was demolished in 1905, the pulpit and sound cover were kept in the preserved tower and were part of the museum set up in the tower. The pulpit has been in the Chemnitz city ​​church of St. Jakobi since 1949 . The sound cover has been considered lost since the 1930s.

Baptismal font

Baptismal font of the old parish church

The font from 1610 is one meter high and has a diameter of 80 centimeters. It was made of sandstone and has the shape of a Roman glass .

The base is cylindrical-wide and has four circular fields, three of which are filled with flowers. The dome of the baptismal font is only slightly expansive and divided into four fields. At the top it bears the inscription “go into all the world and learn all the people and teuffet them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. frosted. 28 ".

The fields of baptism bear the following inscriptions:

  • Field 1: Rome VI. will are sampt | Christ through baptism | buried in the dead. | .ano 1610.
  • Field 2: gal. 3 how much your ge | baptize who have Christ | dressed. | tit: 3. through the bath of rebirth and renewed | eration of the holy spirit.
  • Field 3: marc. X. let the child | lein come to me and | are not in you then | such is the kingdom of God.
  • Box 4: marc. 16 whoever believes and ge | he will be baptized | but who will not | believes he is ver | be damned.

Baptism closes with a lid that is crowned by a lamb. The baptism was placed in the new Church of the Assumption after the old church was demolished.

Organ and bells

The old organ was renewed as early as 1620 and finally replaced in 1852 by an organ made by the organ builder Schröder from Pirna . It was “famous for its beautiful sound”, so that even court organist Schneider gave a concert on it in 1857.

The old parish church received new bells in 1879. They were dismantled in 1901 and donated with the organ to the church in Karbitz.

Church decorations

Stained glass window

Epitaph Dehn-Rothfelser

Three glass paintings from the old parish church were transferred to the Ascension Church.

One disk dates from around 1512 and shows St. Anne as the third of Anna with the Christ child on her right arm. The youthful depicted Maria kneels at her feet. The pane was inserted into the second lower window on the north side.

A disk with the Alnpeck coat of arms on a red background also dates from 1512 . It was inserted into the northwest window of the nave of the Church of the Assumption.

A third glass window shows the adoration of the kings and probably dates from around 1825. Gurlitt called the pane "a strange testimony to the first attempts in the 19th century to revive the old technology."


The old parish church had taken over the epitaph for Hans von Dehn-Rothfelser from the year 1561 from the old Frauenkirche . It was initially stored in the Leubener Kirchhof, where it was found in 1876 and restored the following year. Initially erected in the parish church of Leuben, it was installed in 1901 on the altar square in the Ascension Church.

The church also contained the remains of an epitaph from 1735 and the memorial picture of Pastor Christoph Schlintzky, who died in 1727, which was hung in the sacristy .


The Leuben Cemetery

The churchyard probably existed since the 14th century and thus since the church was founded. At 520 square meters, it is one of the smallest cemeteries in Dresden . After three villages were parsed to Leuben, the churchyard had become too small and was relieved in 1675 by the nearby, newly laid out Leuben cemetery . Funerals were held in the churchyard until 1900, after which it was closed.

Today, various sandstone tombs have been preserved, some of which have fallen into disrepair or are incomplete. Most of the tombs date from the late 18th and early 19th centuries.


  • Annette Dubbers: Leuben . Verlag A. Dubbers, Dresden 2005, ISBN 3-937199-33-0 .
  • Cornelius Gurlitt : The art monuments of Dresden's surroundings, part 2: Amtshauptmannschaft Dresden-Neustadt . In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony . Issue 26, CC Meinhold & Söhne, Dresden 1904. ( Digitized Leuben. The former church. Pp. 72–78 (pp. 75 ff.) )
  • Alexander Wieckowski: The old Leuben village church . In: Elke and Christian Mittasch (eds.), Parish council of the Ascension Church in Dresden-Leuben: Festschrift for the 100th anniversary of the Ascension Church in Dresden-Leuben . Dresden 2001, ISBN 3-932858-51-4 , pp. 57-65.

Web links

Commons : Alte Kirche (Leuben)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Jürgen Helfricht : Dresden and its churches . Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2005, p. 79.
  2. ^ Annette Dubbers: Leuben . Verlag A. Dubbers, Dresden 2005, p. 9.
  3. ^ Annette Dubbers: Leuben . Verlag A. Dubbers, Dresden 2005, p. 10.
  4. a b Cornelius Gurlitt (arr.): Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 26. Issue: Administrative Authority Dresden-Neustadt. CC Meinhold & Sons, Dresden 1904, p. 72.
  5. See Dresdner Nachrichten, 1932.
  6. Georg Dehio (ed.): Handbook of German Art Monuments. Dresden . Updated edition. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich and Berlin 2005, p. 170.
  7. a b Lt. Cornelius Gurlitt (arr.): Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 26. Issue: Administrative Authority Dresden-Neustadt. CC Meinhold & Sons, Dresden 1904, p. 76.
  8. Cornelius Gurlitt (edit.): Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 26. Issue: Administrative Authority Dresden-Neustadt. CC Meinhold & Sons, Dresden 1904, p. 74.
  9. ^ Annette Dubbers: Leuben . Verlag A. Dubbers, Dresden 2005, 11.
  10. ^ Marion Stein: Cemeteries in Dresden . Verlag der Kunst, Dresden 2000.

Coordinates: 51 ° 0 ′ 38.5 "  N , 13 ° 49 ′ 33.4"  E