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Aurelius (feminine form: Aurelia, plural: Aurelii) was the nomen gentile (family name) of the Roman gens Aurelia , which belonged to the plebeian families. The name is said to be derived from the name of the Sabine sun god Ausel, who is said to have the same origin as the Latin aurum "gold".

Numerous bearers of this name are known from the Roman Republic to late antiquity . To be emphasized are:

  • Gaius Aurelius Cotta , politician and orator at the beginning of the 1st century BC Chr.
  • Aurelia , the mother of Gaius Julius Caesar .
  • the poet Properz (Sextus Aurelius propertius).
  • Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus, the later Emperor Antoninus Pius .
  • the emperor Marcus Aurelius .
  • Numerous other emperors listed Aurelius as part of their name form, e.g. B. Caracalla . Due to his granting of Roman citizenship to most of the inhabitants of the empire in 212 AD, Aurelius was a very common name afterwards and was often referred to as Aur on inscriptions . abbreviated.
  • Sextus Aurelius Victor , historian in the 4th century AD
  • Quintus Aurelius Symmachus , pagan senator late 4th century AD

More name bearers


Aurelius is also an epithet of Augustine of Hippo .

See also


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Crecelius : On the Latin etymology . Journal for the science of language, fourth volume, Greifswald 1853, p. 106 ff.