The Bürgersaal in Munich , unofficially called the “ Bürgersaalkirche ” since the consecration of the high altar on May 13, 1778 , is the prayer and assembly hall of the Marian men's congregation “Annunciation” at the Bürgersaal in Munich . It was built in 1709/10 according to plans by Giovanni Antonio Viscardi . The hall has been used as a church since 1778.
After the old congregation hall became too small, the Sodals of the Marian Men's Congregation »Annunciation«, founded in 1610 , decided to build a new building. Since it was not initially intended for church services, the decision was made to locate it on the east-west thoroughfare of Salzstrasse in the immediate vicinity of the Jesuit monastery of St. Michael , in whose grammar school the Marian Men's Congregation had been founded. The Jesuits were also in charge of pastoral care. In this respect, the construction of the citizens' hall is financed privately by the Marian Congregation for Men. 1709–1710, during the reign of the Imperial Administration in Bavaria, Johann Georg Ettenhofer then built the building as foreman according to plans by the court builder Giovanni Antonio Viscardi .
During the Second World War , the Bürgersaal was destroyed in air raids in 1944, except for the outer walls; only the main facade remained undamaged. The Bürgersaal Church was the first of the Munich churches to be destroyed as early as 1945/46.
Four obelisks crown the almost square, red and white painted baroque facade. It is two-story, is divided by double pilasters and thus follows the structure inside, which is divided into an upper church and a lower church. A figure of the enthroned Madonna and Child stands above the entrance. An inscription makes the dedication public, which extends over both friezes in gold letters: DIVAE MATRI VIRGINI / DEVOTI FILII DD. CC. MONAC. ANNO MDCCX - The sons of Munich [erected] this building to the Virgin Mother of God as [her] sons devoted to [her] in 1710.
The upper church corresponds to the citizens' hall before it was destroyed. Only the ceiling fresco "Mariae Himmelfahrt" ( Martin Knoller , 1773/74) was not reconstructed. The overall design comes from Johann Andreas Wolff. The original purpose as a hall, which is given a new orientation by the high altar in the north, is clearly recognizable.
The lower church consists of a windowless, three-aisled room that was only converted into a crypt together with the congregational printing house at the end of the 19th century . The Way of the Cross, inaugurated in 1898 by Archbishop Franz Joseph von Stein , was designed by the Munich architect Joseph Elsner and created by his colleague Hans Sprenger. The grave of the Jesuit and resistance fighter Rupert Mayer, who was beatified in 1987, is in the center of the altar .
- Relief of the Annunciation, last remaining part of the high altar, Andreas Faistenberger , 1710.
- Guardian Angel Group, Ignaz Günther , 1763, one of the most important Rococo sculptures in Bavaria, the androgynous guardian angel shields the child from a snake with his left hand and points upwards with his right hand. Once created for the Carmelite Church, which is now secularized.
- Coronation of the pulpit by Ignaz Günther. Created after 1770 for the Brothers of Mercy of St. Max (church secularized and demolished in 1809)
- Cycle of 14 oil paintings from pilgrimage sites in Kurbayern ( Altötting , Ramersdorf , Altenburg , Peissenberg , Sossau , Tuntenhausen , Andechs , Allersdorf , Taxa , Ettal , Högling , Aufkirchen , Thalkirchen , Bogenberg ), 13 of the 14 paintings are by Franz Joachim Beich (1655– 1748)
Grave of important people
The organ of the Bürgersaalkirche was built in 1994 by the organ building company Vleugels (Hardheim) and dedicated to the blessed Father Rupert Mayer SJ. The instrument has mechanical key actions and electric stop action .
- Coupling : II / I, III / I, III / II, I / P, II / P, III / P (mechanical and electrical)
- Secondary register: Cymbelstern, Vogelsang, Glockenspiel (c 0 - a 3 ), playable on the I. or II. Manual
- Playing aids : 2560 electronic typesetting system , sequencer, crescendo roller with two combinations. Fixed combinations: tongues on, tongues off, tutti
- Klaus Gallas : Munich. From the Guelph foundation of Henry the Lion to the present: art, culture, history. DuMont, Cologne 1979, ISBN 3-7701-1094-3 (DuMont documents: DuMont art travel guide).
- Lothar Altmann, Horst Th. Esterer, Christoph Kurzeder , Peter Linster SJ: Munich. Citizens' Hall. Church of the Marian Congregation for Men “Annunciation”. (Schnell, Art Guide No. 95), Schnell & Steiner, Regensburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-7954-4134-0 .
- Stations of the Cross
- Architecture of the lower church
- The Pater Rupert Mayer organ in the upper church. ( Memento from January 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive )