Baroque is a white wine variety that has become a local rarity in the Béarn region in the Sud-Ouest wine-growing region in France . It was still widespread at the end of the 19th century. According to the French ampelographer Pierre Galet , pilgrims brought it back from Spain from Santiago de Compostela . The variety is described in written treatises only from the 18th century. Today, in the Tursan appellation, it produces high- alcohol wines with a fruity aroma and strong acidity (→ acidity (wine) ). It is often used as a blending partner for the Sauvignon Blanc and Gros Manseng varieties . According to Jancis Robinson, the chef Michel Guérard was particularly committed to preserving the variety.
In France, clones 351, 390, 391 and 392 are approved for growing quality wines. The vine breeder François Baco was interested in this variety from 1911 and for a short time moved it to the center of his efforts to breed new varieties , as it is less susceptible to powdery mildew and black rot of the vine . Baroque later served the Basque Durquety as a cross partner of the new varieties Semebat and Liliorila . Durquety also discovered the gray-berry Baroque rose, which arose from a mutation of the Baroque.
A study published in 2007 shows that the grape varieties Baroque, Manseng Noir and Tannat are genetically very closely related. There is also a striking similarity to the Malbec variety and the Claverie variety is also genetically closely related to this group. The frequently published opinion that Baroque is a cross between the Folle Blanche x Sauvignon Blanc grape varieties was not confirmed in this study. It is a variety of the noble grapevine ( Vitis vinifera ). It has hermaphroditic flowers and is therefore self-fruiting. In viticulture , the economic disadvantage of not having to grow male plants that produce yield is avoided.
See also the article Viticulture in France and the list of grape varieties .
The Baroque grape variety is also known under the names Barake, Baroca, Baroke, Barroque, Blanc Bordelais, Bordelais, Bordelais blanc, Bordeleza zuria, Boudales, Bourdales, Claverie blanc (erroneously), Escripet folle, Muscadelle de Nates, Petit Bordelais, Plant Bordelais and Sable blanc known.
- ↑ Louis Bordenave, Thierry Lacombe, Valérie Laucou, Jean-Michel Boursiquot: Etude historique, génétique et ampélograpfique des cépages Pyrénéo Atlantiques . In: Le Bulletin de l'OIV . No. 920-921-922 , 2007, ISSN 0029-7127 , Vol. 80, pp. 553-586 (French, oiv.int [PDF; 5.3 MB ; accessed on November 26, 2014]). online ( Memento of the original from June 4, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Baroque in the database Vitis International Variety Catalog of the Institute for Vine Breeding Geilweilerhof (English)
- Jancis Robinson : The Oxford Wine Lexicon, 3rd revised edition . 1st edition. Gräfe and Unzer Verlag, Munich, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8338-0691-9 .
- Pierre Galet : Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages . Hachette Livre, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-01-236331-8 .