Bassa (Bantu language)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Spoken in

speaker 230,000
Language codes
ISO 639 -1


ISO 639 -2


ISO 639-3


Bassa (also Basa, Basaa, Bicek, Bikyek, Bisaa, Mbele, Mee, Mvele, Nord-Mbene and Tupen) is the language of the Bassa people in Cameroon .

It belongs to the Bantu languages and is spoken by around 230,000 people in the Littoral province in the Nkam and Sanaga-Maritime districts and in the Center province in the Nyong-et-Kéllé district , mainly in the region around the city of Edéa , between Douala and Yaoundé and partly as a minority language in these two cities.


Bassa is a Northwest Bantu language and belongs to the Basaa group , which is classified as the Guthrie Zone A40.

It has the dialects Bakem, Bon, Bibeng, Diboum, Log, Mpo, Mbang, Ndokama, Basso, Ndokbele, Ndokpenda and Nyamtam.


Bilabial Coronal Palatal Velare Labiovelare
Plosives p t c, ɟ k kʷ, gʷ
Implosive ɓ
Fricatives s x
Nasals m n ɲ ŋ ŋʷ
Prenasal m b n d ɲ ɟ ŋ g
Lateral l
Approximants j w


1 do 7th h'mle-so
2 so 8th h'mle-ta
3 ta 9 h'mle-hinjo
4th hinye 10 bla-bue
5 Hm 11 bla-bue-be-do
6th h'mle-do 12 bla-bue-be-so


  • Larry M. Hyman: Basaá (A.43) . In: Derek Nurse, Gérard Philippson (ed.) (Ed.): The Bantu Languages . Routledge, 2003, pp. 257-282, ISBN 0-7007-1134-1 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Müller: The languages ​​Basa, Grebo and Kru in western Africa . In the commission at K. Gerold's Sohn, 1877 ( [accessed on August 24, 2020]).