City of Bruchköbel
|Height :||154 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||1.75 km²|
|Population density :||131 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 1971|
|Postal code :||63486|
|Area code :||06185|
Prehistory and early history
Excavations show that the first settlements in the Butterstadt area already existed in the Neolithic . From the Roman Empire to the discovery of a is Jupiter column before. A replica of the find is set up on site.
The oldest surviving documentary mention dates back to 850. Butterstadt was initially administered from Roßdorf, as it was owned by the Antoniter branch there. The farms also belonged to the parish of Roßdorf. The Antonites had to transfer the best head to the Seligenstadt monastery since 1288 . The Antonite settlement was moved to the Antonite monastery in Höchst in 1441 .
At the end of the 15th century , Count Philipp I, the younger of Hanau-Münzenberg , bought all of the relics from the Seligenstadt monastery , which was in financial distress . The Archbishop of Mainz objected to this sale and Count Philip I had to return the relics to the monastery. As compensation, he received a number of villages and rights from the Seligenstadt monastery, including Butterstadt.
Historical forms of names
Butterstadt was mentioned in documents that have survived under the following names (the year of mentioning in brackets):
- Butenestat (around 850)
- Boterstat (around 1000)
- Bodderstat (before 1243)
- Boderstadt (1252)
- Buderstat (1272)
- Butterstädter Höfe
The name "Butterstadt" is probably not derived from the dairy product. The origin of the name from Wodan cannot be proven . The terms Dorf , Hof or Höfe Butterstadt are used at different times.
In the county of Hanau-Münzenberg, the place was incorporated into the state sovereignty and the Büchertal office. However, the influence of the Antonites apparently remained so great that the Reformation , which was successful in the rest of the county, could not prevail here: Butterstadt remained Roman Catholic . A Roman Catholic church, Saint Boniface, was built from 1866 but was not consecrated until 1867 . The church building is owned by the political community, the city of Bruchköbel.
After the death of the last Hanau count , Johann Reinhard III. , In 1736 the Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel inherited the County of Hanau-Münzenberg and with it the Butterstädter Höfe. In 1803 the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to the status of the Electorate of Hesse . During the Napoleonic period, the office of Büchertal and its villages were under French military administration from 1806, belonged to the Principality of Hanau from 1807–1810 , and then from 1810 to 1813 to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt , Department of Hanau . Then it fell back to the Electorate of Hesse. After the administrative reform of the Electorate of Hesse in 1821, during which the Electorate of Hesse was divided into four provinces and 22 districts, Butterstadt came to the newly formed Hanau district .
From 1945 Butterstadt was an independent municipality. On the occasion of the regional reform in Hesse , Butterstadt joined other communities in the Bruchköbel community on December 31, 1971 . Butterstadt is the smallest district with a total of three streets.
Occupied population figures are:
- 1895: 12 houses with 93 residents
- 1939: 75 inhabitants
- 1961: 120 inhabitants
- 1970: 113 inhabitants
coat of arms
On April 28, 1965, the municipality Butterstadt in was district Hanau , Region of Wiesbaden , a coat of arms with the following Blazon awarded: In gold three red rafters covered with a black cross of St. Anthony.
There is a village community center, a fire engine hall and a soccer field.
The well-known Butterstädter Curb has been made smaller and smaller in recent years for reasons of cost. Every year there is the so-called summer lounge on the Butterstadt soccer field.
- Heinrich Reimer : Historical local dictionary for Kurhessen. Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 14, 1926, p. 78.
- Butterstadt district on the website of the city of Bruchköbel
- Historical information about the district on the website of the city of Bruchköbel
- "Butterstadt, Main-Kinzig-Kreis". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature about Butterstadt in the Hessian Bibliography
- For the column, see Marion Mattern: Roman stone monuments from the Taunus and Wetterau Limes with hinterland between Heftrich and Großkrotzenburg. CSIR Germany II, 12, Mainz 2001, pp. 145f., No. 317-320.
- "Butterstadt, Main-Kinzig-Kreis". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of September 25, 2015). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 367 .
- Approval of a coat of arms of the community Butterstadt, district Hanau, administrative district Wiesbaden dated April 28, 1965 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1965 no. 20 , p. 543 , point 467 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.4 MB ]).