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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bruchköbel
Map of Germany, position of the city Bruchköbel highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 11 '  N , 8 ° 55'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Main-Kinzig district
Height : 113 m above sea level NHN
Area : 29.69 km 2
Residents: 20,471 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 689 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 63486
Primaries : 06181, 06185 (Butterstadt), 06183 (Oberissigheim)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : MKK, GN, HU , SLÜ
Community key : 06 4 35 006
City structure: 5 districts

City administration address :
Hauptstrasse 32
63486 Bruchköbel
Website :
Mayor : Sylvia Braun ( FDP )
Location of the town of Bruchköbel in the Main-Kinzig district
Niederdorfelden Schöneck (Hessen) Nidderau Maintal Hanau Großkrotzenburg Rodenbach (bei Hanau) Erlensee Bruchköbel Hammersbach Neuberg (Hessen) Ronneburg (Hessen) Langenselbold Hasselroth Freigericht (Hessen) Gründau Gelnhausen Linsengericht (Hessen) Biebergemünd Flörsbachtal Jossgrund Bad Orb Wächtersbach Brachttal Schlüchtern Birstein Sinntal Bad Soden-Salmünster Gutsbezirk Spessart Steinau an der Straße Steinau an der Straße Bad Soden-Salmünster Bad Soden-Salmünster Gutsbezirk Spessart Bayern Landkreis Offenbach Offenbach am Main Frankfurt am Main Landkreis Fulda Vogelsbergkreis Landkreis Gießen Wetteraukreis Hochtaunuskreismap
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Aerial view of Bruchköbel (top right), Hanau and Mittelbuchen (top left)
Old Town Hall and St. James Church

Bruchköbel is a town in the Main-Kinzig district in East Hesse .


Geographical location

Bruchköbel is located in the western part of the Main-Kinzig district, around seven kilometers north of Hanau at an altitude of 114 m above sea ​​level . The Krebsbach flows through the districts of Ober- and Niederissigheim and Bruchköbel . Around Bruchköbel there are mostly arable soils, to the southeast the Bruchköbeler Wald adjoins. The Hessian state domain Kinzigheimer Hof is located in the southwest . The Langendiebach air base is located southeast of the city center , a smaller part of which belongs to the Bruchköbel district.

Neighboring communities

Bruchköbel borders the city of Nidderau in the north, the municipality of Hammersbach in the northeast, the municipality of Neuberg in the east, the city of Erlensee in the southeast, the city of Hanau in the south and the Hanau district of Mittelbuchen in the west and the municipality of Schöneck in the northwest .

City structure



Bronze Age stone chamber grave from the Bruchköbel Forest in the Museum Schloss Steinheim

During the preparatory work for the development of the “Im Peller” building area, in the direction of Erlensee on the eastern edge of the city center, settlement remains from the Neolithic Age ( band ceramics ) around 5,000 BC were found in 2003 . Discovered. In the Bruchköbeler Wald there was a Bronze Age burial ground near today's motorway junction . From approx. 800 BC Chr. Settled Celts to break Köbeler area, about 100 n. Chr. Romans . From this time a Roman well and a villa rustica were found in the area of ​​the “Im Peller” building area. After Limes case settled here Alemanni .

middle Ages

The oldest surviving mention of Bruchköbel comes from a document from 1062 with the mention of Kebilo . Originally the village belonged to the Seligenstadt monastery . The Lords of Rückingen made the bailiwick of the monastery as a fief . Before 1368 Bruchköbel came into the possession of the Hanau rulership . The village now belonged to the allodial property of the Lords of Hanau , initially to the rule, later to the County of Hanau , from 1458: County of Hanau-Münzenberg , and here to the Office of Büchertal . In 1567 the Seligenstadt monastery sold the three farms that remained there with the courtly court to the Counts of Hanau .

The new playhouse

On February 6, 1368, Bruchköbel received a privilege from Emperor Charles IV through Ulrich III. Hanau the city charter with a fixing and market rights granted. After the construction of the defensive tower, which is still standing today, the town's landmark, the playhouse , a town hall for consultations, court hearings and social events was built. It was also used as a hostel for strangers.

The Untermühle (also: Mühle Baumann) was located in the western part of the city, on a company ditch derived from the Krebsbach. It was not shut down until 1962.

Historical forms of names

In existing documents Bruchköbel was mentioned under the following names (the year of mention in brackets):

  • Kebilo (1062)
  • minor chevela (1128)
  • Kebele inferior (1247)
  • Break key (1247)
  • Bruchgebil (1368)

Modern times

The town hall was built in 1520, thus ending the double function of the playhouse. Surplus local wine for sale was stored in the town hall's cellar. In the 16./17. In the 17th century, a throat and tithe court met in Bruchköbel. Executions took place in 1539, 1540, 1593 and 1605. In 1689, a 17-year-old girl was burned as a witch in the Galgengarten (now an industrial area) .

In 1634/35 Bruchköbel burned down except for the defense tower and a house in Schweizergasse. According to a well-known local legend, a trumpeter warned residents of the danger, and the trumpeter perished. The citizens of the city donated the so-called trumpeter stone in his memory , which can still be seen in the city today.

After the change to the Lutheran Count House of Hanau-Lichtenberg in 1642, Lutheran parishes again formed in many places in the County of Hanau-Munzenberg, including Bruchköbel. Initially looked after by the Lutheran pastor in Rüdigheim , it received its own church building in 1717 and its own pastor in 1737, who in turn also looked after the Lutherans in Niederissigheim, Roßdorf and Mittelbuchen .

During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), Bruchköbel was occupied by the French. After the death of the last Hanau count, Johann Reinhard III. , In 1736, Landgrave Friedrich I of Hessen-Kassel inherited the County of Hanau-Münzenberg and with it the office of Büchertal and Bruchköbel on the basis of an inheritance contract from 1643. In 1803 the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel was elevated to the status of the Electorate of Hesse . During the Napoleonic period, the office of Büchertal was under French military administration from 1806, belonged to the Principality of Hanau from 1807–1810 , and then from 1810 to 1813 to the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt , Department of Hanau . Then it fell back to the Electorate of Hesse. After the administrative reform of the Electorate of Hesse in 1821, under which the Electorate of Hesse was divided into four provinces and 22 districts, the office of Büchertal was added to the newly formed district of Hanau .

19th century

The folk choir was founded in 1858 (today the oldest club Bruchköbel). The Friedberg – Hanau railway line , on which Bruchköbel had its own station , was opened here in 1881.

In the 19th century there were two brickworks at today's Bundesstraße 45 , the Fechenmühle, Köhler in the Bruchköbeler Wald, a quarry (today Silbersee), diamond grinders and grinders, a kitchen furniture factory, a button factory, a molding factory and a sawmill ( which only closed in 1980).

20th century

Rathaus Bruchköbel

The swimming pool was built in 1937 and the Bärensee was created by dredging for a bypass road. In 1934, Bruchköbel had to give up 80 hectares of forest to build an airfield .

In World War II Bruchkoebel was from the 10 August 1940 the British air force bombed. The US Army marched in on March 28, 1945 . The building cooperative was founded in February 1952 .

The new town hall was built in 1973 on the site of the former Mönchshof. On May 7, 1975 Bruchköbel were (again) granted city rights. Two years later the renovation of the city center began. The history association was also founded in 1977. In 1978 the local history museum was inaugurated for the 850th anniversary in the old town hall. At the end of the decade, the construction of the federal highway 66 and the bypass road followed.

On February 9, 1982, the production hall of the Reinelt cosmetics company, which was then based in Bruchköbel, exploded, resulting in 3 deaths, 17 seriously injured people and a high level of property damage. On the occasion of its tenth anniversary, the archive was opened to the history association in 1987. In July 1988 the 100th anniversary of the Bruchköbel volunteer fire brigade took place.

At the end of 2002 an urban development process was initiated. Under the leadership of the mayor at the time, Michael Roth, a voluntary city marketing working group was founded, which designed an urban model “Bruchköbel 2025” with a view to demographic development. In 2003 the city council unanimously adopted this model, the slogan “Bruchköbel. I want to live there! ”And decided on a new city logo.


As part of the regional reform in Hesse , Oberissigheim, Niederissigheim and Butterstadt were incorporated on December 31, 1971. On July 1, 1974, Roßdorf was added as the last district by virtue of state law.

Population development

Population development of Bruchköbel.svgPopulation development of Bruchköbel - from 1871 onwards
Population development of Bruchköbel according to the table below. Above from 1754 to 2018. Below an excerpt from 1871

Occupied population figures are:

  • 1587: 00.063 riflemen, 42 philistines
  • 1632: 00.081 families
  • 1707: 00.037 families
  • 1754: 00.075 families = 355 inhabitants
  • 1821: 00.559 inhabitants
  • 1895: 00.967 inhabitants
  • 1939: 01,948 inhabitants
  • 1961: 04,370 inhabitants
  • 1970: 08,707 inhabitants
  • 1998: 20,183 inhabitants
  • 1999: 20,289 inhabitants
  • 2000: 20,396 inhabitants
  • 2001: 20,450 inhabitants
  • 2002: 20,570 inhabitants
  • 2003: 20,729 inhabitants
  • 2004: 20,821 inhabitants
  • 2006: 20,796 inhabitants
  • 2007: 20,646 inhabitants
  • 2008: 20,621 inhabitants
  • 2009: 20,627 inhabitants
  • 2011: 20,227 inhabitants [census]
  • 2016: 20,475 inhabitants
  • 2017: 20,390 inhabitants
  • 2018: 20,427 inhabitants

Church history

In 1192 a pastor is mentioned in the village. Perhaps Bruchköbel was the mother church of the churches in Kesselstadt and Oberissigheim. The church patronage had been with James since 1392 at the latest. The middle church authority was the archdiaconate of the provost of the Church of St. Maria ad Gradus in Mainz , Landkapitel Roßdorf , in the post-Reformation period the class Büchertal. The patronage of the church of the village was in 1364 at the Benedictine monastery of Limburg an der Haardt as the owner of the monastery Naumburg .

The Reformation was gradually introduced in the county of Hanau in the middle of the 16th century . In Bruchköbel this happened between 1549 and 1567, initially in the Lutheran sense. The Jakobuskirche became Protestant . In 1561 the County of Hanau-Münzenberg acquired the Naumburg monastery and also took on the right to assign the pastor's office. In a "second Reformation" the denomination of the County of Hanau-Munzenberg was changed again. From 1597 Count Philipp Ludwig II pursued a decidedly reformed church policy. He made use of the Jus reformandi , his right as sovereign to determine the denomination of his subjects, and made this largely binding for the county. Over longer periods from 16. – 19. In the 19th century the parish Niederissigheim was assigned to the church in Bruchköbel.

After the County of Hanau had been ruled by the Lutheran Count Friedrich Casimir from 1642 , a Lutheran congregation was established again in Bruchköbel in 1705. In 1717 their own church was built for them (today the city library). In 1818 both denominations were united into one church by the Hanau Union .

Bruchköbel was parish in the Catholic Church until the Second World War in Butterstadt . Due to the influx of numerous expellees from the German eastern areas, two Catholic churches were built in Bruchköbel in the post-war period: St. Familia in the north of Bruchköbel in 1958, which also took over the parish seat of Butterstadt, and Redeemer of the World in the south of Bruchköbel in 1968.


Mayoral election 2019

In the 2019 election, Sylvia Braun (FDP) prevailed in the runoff election against Daniel Weber (CDU). The previous incumbent did not run for election.

Mayoral election 2013

The mayoral election on November 10, 2013 led to the following result:

The turnout was 47.4%.

Mayoral election 2007

The mayoral election on October 28, 2007 led to the following result:

  • H. Michael Roth (CDU) 37.0%
  • Perry von Wittich (SPD) 28.9%
  • Frank Breitenbach (independent) 3.1%
  • Günter Maibach (independent, but member of the CDU) 31.0%

The turnout was 54.3%.

The runoff election between Roth and Maibach took place on November 11, 2007. Günter Maibach was elected with 56.8% of the vote; Michael Roth achieved 43.2%. The turnout was 48.9%.

City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 37 seats
Parties and constituencies %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 37.9 14th 36.8 14th 47.6 18th 53.0 20th
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 19.6 7th 26.0 10 30.0 11 30.3 11
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 13.8 5 17.2 6th 11.0 4th 10.6 4th
BBB Bruchköbeler BürgerBund 20.1 8th 15.0 5 - - - -
FDP Free Democratic Party 8.7 3 4.9 2 11.5 4th 6.1 2
total 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37 100.0 37
Voter turnout in% 52.0 49.9 48.8 55.7

With the establishment of an independent electoral association, the Bruchköbeler BürgerBund (BBB), initially 6, a few weeks later 2 more CDU city councilors and then 1 SPD city councilor moved to the new fraction of the Bruchköbeler BürgerBund (BBB). In March 2011, the BBB ran for the first time as the local association of free voters.

Town twinning

Bruchköbel maintains partnerships with the Dutch Boskoop (since 1984) and the Hungarian Harkány and since 2012, after a break of around 20 years, again with the French municipality of Varangéville .

badges and flags

Banner Bruchkoebel.svg

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the city of Bruchköbel

Blazon : In silver a red triangle with gold crosshairs.

The coat of arms of the community of Bruchköbel in the Hanau district was approved by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior on April 28, 1966 , and it was designed by the Bad Nauheim heraldist Heinz Ritt .

After the merger of Bruchköbel and three neighboring communities of the new Bruchköbel community, this coat of arms was re-approved in its unchanged form in 1973.

The coat of arms was designed after a court seal from the 18th century. The colors red and gold refer to the county of Hanau.


On May 25, 1983, the city of Bruchköbel was approved by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior , which is described as follows:

"The flag of the city of Bruchköbel shows the coat of arms of the city placed in the upper half on a white strip with red stripes."

Culture and sights


Local history museum in the old town hall and the archive in the new playhouse.


Bruchköbel offers a variety of interesting half-timbered houses that are listed on city maps drawn up in the city. On the northern edge of the urban area, a former trade route ( Hohe Strasse ) runs from Frankfurt am Main to Leipzig .

Natural monuments

  • Barbecue area "Thick Oak"


Light athletes from the parent clubs SG Bruchköbel and TSG Erlensee start in the LAZ Bruchköbel community. The two sports festivals on the Whitsun weekend (the school and the Whitsun sports festival) are traditionally organized by the LAZ Bruchköbel. On the occasion of the old town festival, the Bruchköbel City Run of the city of Bruchköbel takes place, for which the LAZ Bruchköbel is the local organizer. The clubs train in the Rudolf Harbig Stadium, named after the world record runner, where sports festivals and mostly regional competitions are held.

Economy and Infrastructure


Road traffic

Bruchköbel is connected to the Autobahn 66 at the Hanau-Nord junction . Furthermore, the motorway-like federal highway 45 leads past the city to the west.

Local public transport

Bruchköbel is located in the tariff area of ​​the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV). The two most important bus lines are lines 563 and 33, which open up the city and its districts on different routes and connect with Hanau. Line 562 from the direction of Nidderau also passes through the town. At the 2009 timetable change, bus route 34 was discontinued without replacement. At the same time, the new bus line 561 was introduced, which connects Bruchköbel with the Hanau-Wilhelmsbad train station during rush hour and thus offers a better connection in the direction of Frankfurt.

Bruchköbel owns a train station with two platform tracks on the Friedberg – Hanau railway line , which is served by DB trains. It is used by students as there are several schools nearby. Likewise from many commuters who go to work in Hanau or change there at the main train station to the trains in the direction of Offenbach am Main or Frankfurt am Main .


Bruchköbel has three primary schools (Haingartenschule (formerly Primary School South), Brückenschule (formerly Bruchköbel-Roßdorf Primary School), Evangelical Primary School Oberissigheim), a comprehensive school (Heinrich-Böll-Schule, formerly North School), an upper-level high school (Lichtenberg-Oberstufengymnasium LOG) and Frida -Kahlo school for the practically imaginable. In addition, Bruchköbel has 8 municipal and 2 church day-care centers.

The educational infrastructure is supplemented by a city library.


Web links

Commons : Bruchköbel  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bruchköbel  - travel guide
Wiktionary: Bruchköbel  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Hugo Birkner : A stone chamber grave from the urnfield period from Bruchköbel near Hanau. In: Prehistorische Zeitschrift 34/35, 1949/50, pp. 266–272; Peter Jüngling : The Bronze Age burial ground in the Bruchköbler Forest near Hanau. Wiesbaden 1982 (=  Archaeological Monuments in Hessen 24 ).
  3. ^ Uta Löwenstein: County Hanau . In: Knights, Counts and Prince - Secular Dominions in the Hessian Area approx. 900–1806 = Handbook of Hessian History 3 = Publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse 63. Marburg 2014. ISBN 978-3-942225-17-5 , p. 196 -230 (204).
  4. a b Bruchköbel, Main-Kinzig district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of December 22, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  5. ^ The trumpeter stone by Bruchköbel. Retrieved April 28, 2009 .
  6. Aschkewitz.
  7. Volkschor Bruchköbel
  8. Law on the reorganization of the districts of Gelnhausen, Hanau and Schlüchtern and the city of Hanau as well as the recirculation of the cities of Fulda, Hanau and Marburg (Lahn) concerning questions (GVBl. 330-26) of March 12, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 9 , p. 149 , § 3 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.0 MB ]).
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 367 .
  10. From 1998 the State Statistical Office of Hesse
  11. In the years 1632, 1707 and 1754 the number of inhabitants in the county of Hanau was determined. The figures are reproduced here after Erhard Bus : The consequences of the great war - the west of the county of Hanau-Munzenberg after the Peace of Westphalia . In: Hanauer Geschichtsverein 1844 : The Thirty Years War in Hanau and the surrounding area. 2011, ISBN 978-3-935395-15-9 , pp. 277-320 (289 ff.) (= Hanauer Geschichtsblätter 45)
  12. ^ Thomas Klein: Outline of the German administrative history 1815-1845 . Row A: Prussia. Volume 11: Hessen-Nassau including predecessor states. Marburg 1979, p. 108.
  13. Aschkewitz.
  14. Aschkewitz.
  15. From the history of the parish "St. Familia"
  16. ^ Runoff elections: Mayor of Rüdesheim voted out - Hessenschau
  17. State Statistical Office of Hesse, mayoral elections Bruchköbel, November 10, 2013
  18. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  19. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  20. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  21. Approval of a coat of arms of the Bruchköbel community, Hanau district, Wiesbaden administrative district from April 28, 1966 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1966 No. 20 , p. 671 , point 442 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 3.2 MB ]).
  22. ^ Approval of a coat of arms dated March 14, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1973 No. 14 , p. 619 , point 463 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.9 MB ]).
  23. ^ Approval of a flag for the city of Bruchköbel in the Main-Kinzig district of May 25, 1983 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1983 No. 24 , p. 1215 , point 685 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 5.5 MB ]).
  24. ^ Website of the LSV
  25. Bruchköbel website: Schools / Fördervereine
  26. ^ Evangelical Church Bruchköbel - Rainbow day care center