Carl Maria Seyppel

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Carl Maria Seyppel , also Karl Maria Seyppel, (born July 28, 1847 in Düsseldorf , † November 20, 1913 there ) was a German genre and portrait painter , caricaturist and writer .


The son of Friedrich Wilhelm Seyppel, an official of the Düsseldorfer Städtische Leihanstalt, and his wife Josefina Dorothea, née Cup, entered the elementary class of the Düsseldorf Art Academy at the age of 14 - through the mediation of Hermann Wislicenus . His teachers here were Andreas Müller in the elementary class and in art history, Carl Müller in the Antikensaal and Rudolf Wiegmann in the building class. in November 1866 he switched to the composition class under Karl Ferdinand Sohn . The painting “Young Italian”, created in the master class in 1867, is considered to be the first work Seyppel painted independently. "The happy find" was also created in 1868 while studying. After his son's death, Seyppel continued his studies with Julius Roeting and Eduard Bendemann . The examination of the older Dutch painting gave him not only a thorough technique but also a fine sense of tone. In 1870 he only worked for a short time in Ludwig Knaus' studio . After a brief assignment during the Franco-German War in 1870/71 as a nurse in military hospitals near Trier and Metz , he went on study trips to the Rhine and Moselle , to Westphalia and Upper Bavaria , to the Black Forest, as well as to England and the Netherlands . In 1898 he traveled to Paris with Heinrich Petersen-fishing and Gustav Adolf Schweitzer .

Seyppel's works were regularly represented in exhibitions at home and abroad. In 1887, the Kaiser Friedrich Museum in Magdeburg bought the painting “Matt in two trains”, which he then repeated in 1889. “Der Leierkastenmann” (1880) ended up in the Lower Saxony State Gallery in Hanover ; the “rosary seller” acquired the city ​​museum in Bonn .

Seyppel was active all his life in Düsseldorf, where he was a member from 1873 to 1913 and President of the Malkasten Artists 'Association (KVM) in 1898, as well as a member of the academic artists' association "Orient". He was also involved in the board of directors of the Düsseldorf History Association. Seyppel painted landscapes - including "Straße an der Mosel" (1870), "Mühle am Niederrhein" (1872), "Windmühle bei Zons" (1870) - and portraits, especially those of Düsseldorf painters, but preferred humorous scenes from popular life. He created the mural “The Wolfsschlucht” for a restaurant. His “ancient Egyptian” humoresques - a pre-form of the “comics” - which were created from 1882 onwards, were also known. During this time he was in correspondence with the Egyptologist and writer Georg Ebers . He was also involved with texts and / or illustrations in “Vom Storchennest bis zur Schule” (children's book, 1881), “Kneipepistel § 11” (1881), “Mein Buch” (1884), “Carmen Silva” (memorial sheets of the Queen of Romania), and “German fairy tales for youth and people” (1887). For the KVM he drew the portraits of his painting colleagues, designed theater posters for several “strolling pieces” - in which he also played a part - and wrote humorous poems.

In 1893, Seyppel exhibited six “parodies of a recent Norwegian exhibition” in Eduard Schulte's Düsseldorf art dealer, including “Midnight Sun, with a head in front of it, with ears shining through”, “The Promised Land”, “To Krefeld” and “To Duisburg ". The occasion was the exhibition of works by the Norwegian painter Edvard Munch , which had been shown in Düsseldorf in 1892 after the exhibition in Berlin was canceled. It had triggered a dispute within the artist community and ultimately led to the separation of the “Free Artists' Association” of mostly younger artists from the KVM. Seyppel apparently shared the conservative view of the older generation.

Seyppel was married to Helene, née Brunstering. The marriage had five children. His son, the Düsseldorf painter Hans Seyppel, created his portrait for the KVM's artist gallery

Archival material

  • Handwritten curriculum vitae (memoirs), April 19, 1922; Poems; Newspaper clippings; Photography: Düsseldorf, KVM.

Works (selection)

  • Düsseldorf, Art Museum: “Black Forest Farmer's Room. Interior “, oil (1900/03); "Oberstrasse in Enkrich"
  • Düsseldorf, artist association Malkasten, archive: "Bildnis Köbes Schieve" (oil painting); “The Serenade”, poster (1875); 4 pencil drawings and a print for the Kaiserfest 1877; "1. Tenor von Düsseldorf ”, colored drawing (1888); “Man with a Monocle”, colored caricature drawing (1889); “Viceroy Tuan Fang”, pencil drawing (1906).
  • Düsseldorf, Stadtmuseum: “Josef Schex at the age of 58”, pencil drawing (1877) and other artist caricatures; “The mysterious unknown”, poster (1878).

Works (further and in addition to those mentioned by Boetticher):

  • "The new altar painting" (Boetticher, No. 6: Mayor, community council and pastor of a village look at the new altar painting just delivered by the artist in the town hall hall. Schultes Düsseldorf art exhibition 1874; Berlin, academic art exhibition 1874; Munich, annual exhibition in the Glaspalast 1876); according to CM Seyppel (CV, KVM) sold to the USA; as a wood engraving in: Daheim, vol. 12 (Oct. 1875-Oct. 1876), No. 7, p. 101.
  • “Der Kouponschneider” and “Der Flickschneider”, (Boetticher, No. 8: Berlin, academic art exhibition 1876; as woodcuts in: Daheim, vol. 13 (1876/77), No. 33, pp. 524, 525.
  • “Farewell drink” in front of a house in the old town, woodcut in: Illustrirte Welt, 36th year, 1888, p. 264.
  • "Portrait of a Düsseldorf doctor": Düsseldorf representative exhibition, 1888/89 (Düsseldorfer Anzeiger, No. 10, January 10, 1889, pp. 2 and 3).
  • "Portrait of Karl Heintges", 1888: Karbstein auction, Düsseldorf, 23 May 2009, no. 51.
  • "The monastery junk room" with many objects and cats, oil / canvas, 79 × 63 cm; signed


  • The view into the hereafter: a tantalizing story in 25 pictures. - Düsseldorf: Sauernheimer, 1879. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • Smarter, smarter, on the snooze. - Düsseldorf: Bagel, 1882. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • He it: painted from nature a. written down 1302 years before the birth of Christ. - Düsseldorf: Bagel, 1883. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • The plagues. - Düsseldorf: Bagel, 1884. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • My book / with marginal drawings by CM Seyppel. - Düsseldorf: Bagel, 1885. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • Roi, reine, prince: récit humoristique égyptien peint et écrit d'apres nature, l'an 1302 avant la naissance de JC - Düsseldorf: Bagel, 1886. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • Schmidt and Smith in Lüderitzland: Hottentottic blue book with 118 doodles. - Düsseldorf: Bagel, 1887. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • Rajadar and Hellmischu: ancient Egypt. Singing. - Berlin: S. Fischer, 1889. Digitized edition of the ULBD
  • Famous men of the last century: in chromo stampfo fresco scizo magnetic light dr. - Düsseldorf: Stümper, 1900. Digitized edition of the University and State Library Düsseldorf.


  • Seyppel, Carl Maria. In: Friedrich von Boetticher: painter works of the 19th century. Contribution to art history. Volume 2/2, sheets 33–67: Saal – Zwengauer. Ms. v. Boetticher's Verlag, Dresden 1901, p. 744 ( ).
  • Kunstchronik IX (1874), pp. 684, 709; NF IV (1893), p. 426; VI (1895), p. 461; XXV (1914), p. 83; XXX (1918/19), p. 277.
  • Friedrich Schaarschmidt: On the history of Düsseldorf art, especially in the XIX. Century. Art Association for the Rhineland and Westphalia, Düsseldorf 1902, p. 267 (short biography of Karl Maria Seyppel in the text Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
  • The Rhineland III (1902/03), p. 210.
  • Seyppel, Karl Maria . In: Hans Wolfgang Singer (Ed.): General Artist Lexicon. Life and works of the most famous visual artists . Prepared by Hermann Alexander Müller . 5th unchanged edition. tape 4 : Raab – Vezzo . Literary Institute, Rütten & Loening, Frankfurt a. M. 1921, p. 267 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
  • Seyppel, Karl M. In: Hans Wolfgang Singer (Hrsg.): General Artist Lexicon. Life and works of the most famous visual artists . Prepared by Hermann Alexander Müller . tape 6 : Second addendum with corrections . Literary Institute, Rütten & Loening, Frankfurt a. M. 1922, p. 264 ( Textarchiv - Internet Archive ).
  • NN: Carl Maria Seyppel, the Düsseldorf caricaturist , in: Entertainment supplement of the Düsseldorfer Stadtanzeigers, No. 206, July 28, 1927 (9 illustrations).
  • Paul Horn: Düsseldorf graphics in old and new times. Publishing house of the Kunstverein for the Rhineland and Westphalia. Düsseldorf 1928, p. 179 (2 figs.).
  • Carl Maria Seyppel . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 30 : Scheffel – Siemerding . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1936.
  • Emanuel Bénézit (ed.): Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays, N. ed., Volume IX, 1976.
  • Düsseldorfer Heimatblätter "Das Tor", Vol. 28, Issue 3, March 1962, p. 180: Ill. "Professor Läverwoosch",

Caricature (1878).

  • Joachim Hans Seyppel: Ancestral Gallery. Story of a German family. A. Knaus, Munich 1984, ISBN 978-3-8135-0261-9 .
  • NN: What young painters can think of when drinking Altbier , in: Feinschmecker international, June 1, 1982, pp. 98 ff. (5 illustrations).
  • Hans Ries, illustrations and illustrators 1871–1914. The range of images from the Wilhelminian era. History and aesthetics of the original and printing techniques. International lexicon of illustrators Bibliography of their work in German-language books and magazines, on picture sheets and blackboards. H. Th. Wenner, Osnabrück 1992. ISBN 3-87898-329-8 .
  • Dieter Schwarz: The inventor of the comics. 108 years ago, C.arl Mari Seyppel wrote picture stories on “mummy paper” , in: Das Düsseldorf Magazin 3/1990, pp. 33–36 (3 figs.).
  • Sabine Schroyen: Sources for the history of the artists' association Malkasten. Rheinland Verlag, Cologne 1992.
  • Siegfried Weiß : Seypel, Karl (Carl) Maria, in: Lexikon der Düsseldorfer Malerschule, volume. 3. Bruckmann, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-7654-3011-0 , pp. 279–281 (Fig .: “Before the farmhouse”, “Beim Schachspiel” (1888), “Der Tanzgroschen” (1878)).
  • Dietrich Grünewald: Carl Maria Seyppel - der Malerhumorist , in: Deutsche Comicforschung, Volume 4, Sackmann & Hörndl-Verlag, Hildesheim 2008.
  • Siegfried Weiß: Seyppel, Carl Maria . In: General Artist Lexicon . The visual artists of all times and peoples (AKL). Volume 105, de Gruyter, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-11-023271-4 .

Web links

Commons : Carl Maria Seyppel  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Carl Maria Seyppel  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Address book Düsseldorf 1847: “Friedrich Wilhelm Seyppel, appraiser of the loan agency, and Josefina Dorothea, fashion dealership: Alleestr. 429 ½ "
  2. Acquisition for the Cologne Cathedral Lottery; mentioned in the memoirs (1922).
  3. Spiritual Germany at the end of the 19th century. Encyclopedia of German intellectual life in biographical sketches. Volume 1: The visual artists. CG Röder, Leipzig, Berlin 1898, p. 652 f .: 1868 painted in the painting class of CF Sohn (but without "correction") at the Düsseldorf Academy.
  4. Rheinische Post daily newspaper. Year 66, No. 23 DN, p. C5: The "Wibbel" belongs to the family.
  5. U. Schulte-Wülver: Petersen-fishing. Painter of the North and Baltic Seas (1850–1906). Heath 1993.
  6. ^ Journal for the Düsseldorf History Association. No. 1, 1882.
  7. ^ Letter to Georg Ebers, Düsseldorf 1882, in: Kalliope-Verbund (online)
  8. Art Chronicle. New series 4, May 25, 1893, p. 426: Permanent art exhibition Ed. Schulte, Düsseldorf.
  9. b .: Art exhibition. X. in: Neue Preuss. Ed. 245 / October 19, 1876): “The satyr of the counterparts is more biting than ironic”, No. 677–78, “Two Tailors” by Seyppell in Düsseldorf. “A very depraved subject from Schneider is sitting on his table and cheers with an uncomfortable laugh and a raised shot glass, who? - says the poster pinned to the wall behind him: 'Social Democrats' People's Assembly in the Centralhalle. Program: 1) Dissolution of marriage. 2) Abolition of taxes and standing armies. 3) Equal treatment of capital. 4) annihilation of the bourgeoisie. - The committee. ' His counterpart, the bourgeois to be destroyed, on the other hand, sits comfortably in a comfortable dressing gown and happily cuts coupons. "
  10. ^ Lempertz auction, Cologne, February 15, 1909, No. 174; J. Bloos Collection, Düsseldorf;
    Seyppel, Carl Maria. In: Friedrich von Boetticher: painter works of the 19th century. Contribution to art history. Volume 2/2, sheets 33–67: Saal – Zwengauer. Ms. v. Boetticher's Verlag, Dresden 1901, p. 744 ( ). - No. 34: "Lumber room in the monastery"