Charles Kittel

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Charles Kittel (born July 18, 1916 in New York - † May 15, 2019 ) was an American physicist . He was a professor at the University of California, Berkeley from 1951 and retired from 1978 .

life and work

Charles Kittel studied at Cambridge University , England , from which he graduated in 1938 with a Bachelor of Arts (BA). He wrote his dissertation in nuclear physics in 1941 at the University of Wisconsin with Gregory Breit . During the Second World War he was at the Naval Ordnance Laboratory in Washington, DC from 1940 to 1942 and then headed the Submarine Operations Research Group (SORG) of the Operations Research Group of the US Navy. Then Kittel researched from 1945 to 1947 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and from 1947 to 1951 at Bell Laboratories , New Jersey , where he dealt specifically with the subject of ferromagnetism . In 1949 he became a Fellow of the American Physical Society .

In 1951 he was appointed to the University of California, Berkeley, and held his teaching post until his retirement in 1978. There he taught and researched in the field of solid state physics . Kittel is known for his textbook on solid state physics .

The RKKY interaction is named after him, Malvin Ruderman (his co-author in this field) and two others .

Charles Kittel had been married to Muriel A. Lister since 1938 and had three children.

Awards and memberships


  • Charles Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics 1st edition 1953 to 14th edition 2005, ISBN 0-471-41526-X (German introduction to Solid State Physics . Oldenbourg, ISBN 3-486-57723-9 )
  • Charles Kittel: Quantum Theory of Solids. Wiley, 1963, ISBN 0-471-49025-3 (German quantum theory of the solid , Oldenbourg 1970)
    • Charles Kittel, CY Fong: Quantum Theory of Solids. Wiley, 1987, ISBN 0-471-62412-8 (illustrated revision).
  • Charles Kittel, Herbert Kroemer : Thermal Physics , 2nd edition, 1980, San Francisco: Freeman 2000, ISBN 0-7167-1088-9
    • Charles Kittel, H. Kroemer: Thermodynamics: Elementary representation of thermodynamics on a modern quantum-statistical basis. 5th edition 2001 Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. ISBN 3-486-25716-1
  • with Malvin Ruderman , Walter Knight: Mechanics, Berkeley Physik Kurs Bd. 1, McGraw Hill 1965, 1973, German at Vieweg
  • Charles Kittel: Introduction to Solid State Physics , 14th edition 2006, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. ISBN 978-3-486-57723-5

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ John Simon Guggenheim Foundation - Charles Kittel. In: Retrieved February 13, 2016 .