Clovis of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Chlodwig Alexis Ernst von Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (born July 30, 1876 in Burgsteinfurt , † November 17, 1954 in Bad Hersfeld ) from the House of Hessen was titular Landgrave of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld .
Chlodwig was born in 1876 as the second child of Prince Wilhelm von Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld and Princess Juliane zu Bentheim-Steinfurt . He grew up in the city palace of Rotenburg an der Fulda . At the age of 29 he became the sole heir of his childless deceased uncle, Landgrave Alexis von Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (1829-1905), as head of the Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld line and on his estates in Herleshausen and Barchfeld . In 1925 he inherited his unmarried and childless uncle Ernst , the last representative of the Hessen-Philippsthal line , and thus became heir not only of his property in Philippsthal , but also of the family entourage of the two Philippsthal lines previously held jointly by the two uncles , the Was set up in 1880 and the u. a. the City Palace Hanau , the Rotenburg Palace and the Schönfeld Palace in Kassel included.
Clovis served in the Prussian Army , most recently as a lieutenant colonel . Since July 7, 1907, he was holder of the Grand Cross of the Red Eagle Order .
On May 26, 1904, he married Princess Caroline von Solms-Hohensolms-Lich, daughter of Prince Hermann , in her hometown of Lich . The couple had five children:
- Wilhelm (1905-1942);
- ⚭ 1933 Princess Marianne of Prussia, daughter of Prince Friedrich Wilhelm of Prussia
- Ernst Ludwig (1906–1934),
- Irene (1907–1980),
- Alexander Friedrich (1911–1939),
- Viktoria Cäcilie (1914-1998).
In the early 1930s, three of the children (Wilhelm, Alexander Friedrich and Viktoria Cäcilie) joined the NSDAP . Alexander Friedrich, who suffered from epilepsy , was sterilized by the Nazis on September 27, 1938, and died a year later. The eldest son, Wilhelm, died as Hauptsturmführer of the Waffen SS in World War II .
Clovis died in Bad Hersfeld at the age of 78. He was survived by his wife and two daughters. His grandson Wilhelm followed him as head of the Hessen-Philippsthal line.
- Jonathan Petropoulos: Royals and the Reich. The Princes of Hessen in Nazi Germany. Oxford University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-19-920377-6 .
- ^ Military weekly paper . No. 83 of July 2, 1907, p. 1909.
- ↑ Jonathan Petropoulos: Royals and the Reich. The Princes of Hessen in Nazi Germany. Oxford University Press 2006, pp. 381-382.
(Titular) Landgrave of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
|SURNAME||Clovis of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Chlodwig Alexis Ernst of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Landgrave of Hessen-Philippsthal-Barchfeld|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 30, 1876|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Burgsteinfurt|
|DATE OF DEATH||17th November 1954|
|Place of death||Herleshausen|