San Pedro Department (Paraguay)
|San Pedro Department|
|Residents||419,600 ( 2017 estimate )|
|density||21 inhabitants per km²|
San Pedro is a department in Paraguay . It is located in the geographical center of the country, is one of a total of 17 administrative districts and the seat of the diocese of the same name . The capital is San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú , the largest city is San Estanislao .
The boundaries of the district lie between the geographical coordinates 23-25 ° south, 56-58 °. The agrarian flatland is close to the union of the Jejui with the Río Paraguay . There are white sandy beaches on Jejui. In the higher west, the land is covered with forests and abundantly crisscrossed with watercourses. San Pedro is the department with the highest proportion of rural population in Paraguay, 8 out of 10 inhabitants live in rural areas.
The area of today's Department of San Pedro remained unstable until the mid-18th century due to the forays of the indigenous people of the Chaco. The incursions of the Mbayaes and Payaguaes devastated the region between the Ypané rivers in the north and Manduvirá in the south. With the beginning of the Reconquista , Mission San Estanislao was founded in 1749, Villa del Rosario in 1783 and Villa de San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú in 1784. Intensive settlement did not take place until 1901. In 1906, the Department of San Pedro was created, which initially also comprised today's departments of Canindeyú , Caaguazú and Amambay . In 1945 Canindeyú and Caaguazú were spun off, in 1973 Amambay followed.
The main occupation of the population is agriculture and livestock. Soy, wheat, rice, sugar cane, corn, cotton and tobacco are grown. This department is the largest producer of tobacco and the second largest of cotton in the country. In animal husbandry, cattle come first, followed by pigs and horses. San Pedro is still one of the three poorest departments in Paraguay. 45% of the population live below the poverty line, a quarter are undernourished.
- General Elizardo Aquino
- General Isidoro Resquín
- Itacurubí del Rosario
- Nueva Germania
- San Estanislao
- San Pablo
- San Pedro de Ycuamandiyú
- Veinticinco de Diciembre
- Villa del Rosario
- Yataity del Norte
- San Pedro dgeec.gov.py , accessed on November 7 2018th
- Caazapá, San Pedro y Caaguazú son los departamentos más pobres del país ultimahora.com , May 10, 2016, accessed on October 7, 2018.