Central Department

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Bolivien Argentinien Uruguay Brasilien Alto Paraguay Boquerón Presidente Hayes Concepción Amambay San Pedro Canindeyú Cordillera Asunción Central Ñeembucú Misiones Caaguazú Guairá Alto Paraná Paraguarí Caazapá Itapúalocation
About this picture
coat of arms
coat of arms
Basic data
Country Paraguay
Capital Areguá
surface 2465 km²
Residents 2,072,000 (2017 estimate)
density 841 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 PY-11
Gobernador Carlos Amarilla
Political party PLRA
Aerial view on Areguá
Aerial view on Areguá

Coordinates: 25 ° 18 ′  S , 57 ° 25 ′  W

Central is a department in Paraguay , it is one of a total of 17 administrative districts .

Areguá has been the capital of the department since July 2, 1993 , before the administrative district of Asunción was also looked after.

Paraguay's smallest administrative district, Central, is the most densely populated. 35% of the country's population live here and 58% of the country's entire industry is based here.


Central is on the Río Paraguay , the country's main waterway. A bridge, the Puente Remanso , connects the Central with the Departamento Presidente Hayes and thus the two halves of the country, the eastern region and the western region, better known as Chaco .

Countless rivers cross this department. An important river is the Río Salado, which rises from the second largest lake in Central, the Lago Ypacaraí . The largest mountain is the Cerro Lambaré with approx. 250 m above sea level.


The main sources of income for the population are services and trade. International groups such as Coca Cola, Pepsi and Parmalat have regional subsidiaries in Central. The oil plant processing industry, cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry, leather industry, cement industry and various small food manufacturers are also important.

In addition to industry, the second source of income is the cultivation of various fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, strawberries and tropical fruits. Furthermore, sweet grass (Stevia rebaudiana) is being grown more and more. In this sense, Central is not representative of Paraguay, as there is neither the customary cultivation of soy, wheat, cotton, yerba mate or sugar cane here, nor are there areas that can be used for cattle breeding or the timber industry.

Tourism is still developing. The Lago Ypacaraí has been for several decades, a popular tourist destination in summer. The largest lake in Central, Lago Ypoá, on the other hand, is surrounded by swamps, making it difficult to develop for mass tourism. However, depending on the climatic conditions, a moderate type of ecotourism is practiced.


Except for a few side paths, all roads in Central are paved. The main communication routes are asphalt or paved. Every place in Central is connected to Asunción by buses. These do not run in a regular rhythm and have no European standard, in contrast to the intercity buses, which are very modern. The Río Paraguay is the connection route between Central and the northern regions such as Amambay or Concepción. The timber trade in particular is handled this way.

Asunción Silvio Pettirossi International Airport connects Asunción with the inland and neighboring countries and is also located in Central Paraguay.


  • Areguá: Town with colonial buildings and the geological peculiarity, the Cerro Kói, which consists of hexagonal sandstone. In summer it is also a very popular beach resort on the shores of Lake Ypacaraí.
  • Itá: known for its ceramic artists.
  • Itauguá: known for its weaving mills that produce the typical Ñandutí .
  • Lambaré: with the mountain of the same name; a unique way to see all of Asunción from a bird's eye view.
  • Luque: Stronghold of the production of typical musical instruments such as guitars and the Paraguayan harp.
  • Lago Ypoá: above the city of Carapeguá, which was built in the IX. Paraguarí Department is located; the Lago is partly also in Central.
  • Ypacaraí: with the Tupárendá cult site of St. Mary of Schoenstatt.
  • Churches: the colonial churches in San Lorenzo, Limpio, Itauguá and Guarambaré are recommended


Web links

Commons : Departamento Central  - collection of images, videos and audio files