Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann

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Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann in his younger years

Ludwig Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann (born August 28, 1800 in Soest ; † August 17, 1882 in Weinheim ), educator , democrat and headmaster in Duisburg .


Landfermann was born the son of a pastor in Soest and went to school here. Then he studied philology and history in Göttingen and Heidelberg and became a member of the German Turner movement and the democratically minded fraternity (1820: Alte Göttinger Burschenschaft , 1822: Alte Heidelberger Burschenschaft ), whose spokesman he was made in 1822. He was arrested in 1824 and taken to Berlin , where he was sentenced in 1825 to 13 years imprisonment for "subversive activities". He served six years of this at the Magdeburg Citadel before the Prussian king pardoned him on May 8, 1829. Then he was accepted into the school service in 1830 "with the utmost caution".

After working in Soest , he first switched to the Elberfeld grammar school , where he began as an assistant teacher and was under constant police supervision. In 1831 he was promoted to a full teacher and in 1832 he moved back to Soest as a senior teacher. In 1835 he was appointed director of the Duisburg grammar school, which he headed until 1841, and which was named after him in 1925 Landfermann grammar school . Here he made friends with Johann Peter Lange .

In 1841 Landfermann intended to return to the Elberfelder Gymnasium, the direction of which he had been asked, when unexpected internal disputes delayed this. So he received the request of the Oberpräsidium in Koblenz to lead the Rhenish school system there as a school council . It was precisely in this position that Landfermann, who was considered to be as liberal as he was strict, was able to develop his perhaps greatest effect.

Landfermann, who sympathized with the Prussian monarchy despite his political views, was a participant in the Prussian National Assembly in 1848 , where he tried, among other things, with his friend Moritz August von Bethmann-Hollweg to represent a position in the center. In 1848 he was a member of the preliminary parliament .

An offer from Bethmann-Hollweg to employ Landfermann in a leading position in the Prussian Ministry of Culture was rejected. After his retirement in 1873, Privy Councilor Landfermann retired to Weinheim. An offer made by Landfermann himself at the end of the year to help build up the school system in the regained Alsace was no longer accepted by the responsible authorities. Landfermann spent the rest of his life in Weinheim, where he died in 1882.


  • Richard HocheLandfermann, Ludwig Dietrich Wilhelm . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 19, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1884, pp. 744-746.
  • Bernhard Casper: Friedrich Pilgram and his teacher Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann. A contribution to the school history of Duisburg in the 19th century ; in: Duisburger Forschungen 2 (1959), 189-201
  • Ottwilm Ottweiler: The Koblenz Provincial School Council Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann (1800 - 1882). A contribution to school history in the Rhineland ; in: Landeskundliche Vierteljahrsblätter 37 (1991), 177–192
  • another., A school reformer with moral courage: Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann (1800 –1882) . In: Praxis Geschichte 3/2000, 46f.
  • Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Volume 3: I-L. Winter, Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 3-8253-0865-0 , pp. 222-224.
  • Dietrich Wilhelm Landfermann: memories from his life. Leipzig, Bädeker, 1890, online

Individual evidence

  1. Federal Archives: Members of the Pre-Parliament and the Fifties Committee (PDF file; 79 kB)

Web links