Elias Holl

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Elias Holl
Elias Holl

Elias Holl (born February 28, 1573 in Augsburg ; † January 6, 1646 there ) was an Augsburg builder of the German Renaissance . In his architecture, Holl mainly dealt with the tradition of northern Italy, which was shaped by Andrea Palladio .


Holl's birthplace, reconstruction in 1956 after being destroyed in the Second World War, with replenishment of a bay window that Holl had designed for a building on Maximilianstrasse that was also destroyed today
Blackboard at Holl's house in Kapuzinergasse

Elias Holl was born in Augsburg city center, Werbhausgasse 2. He came from a family of builders. His father Hans Holl (1512–1594) taught him at an early age . In 1596 Elias Holl passed the master craftsman examination. After a stay in Italy in 1600/01 - he traveled via Bozen to Venice - in 1602 he became "foreman" of Augsburg. In 1629 he lost his office as a city architect due to his Protestant creed. Since then it has only been dubbed a “city geometer”.

Elias Holl married Maria Burkhart († 1608) in 1595, and this marriage had eight children. With his second wife, Rosina Reischle († 1635), Holl had 13 children, some of whom also learned and practiced the building and goldsmith trade.

Holl's gravestone

Holl died at Kapuzinergasse 14, less than 500 meters as the crow flies from the house where he was born. His grave is in the Protestant cemetery in Augsburg.

Holl's bust was placed in the Hall of Fame in Munich.

The square behind the Augsburg town hall has been named Elias-Holl-Platz in his honor . An Elias Holl monument in the form of an obelisk was erected on this in 1968.


Holl's main work is the Augsburg Town Hall (1615-1620) with the Golden Hall in the late Renaissance style, which was created as part of his urban renewal program and, due to its height, also made it necessary for him to increase the neighboring Perlach Tower (1614-1616).

It has been assumed that most of Holl's works from the time before the town hall were merely versions of designs by the two painters Joseph Heintz the Elder. Ä. (sporadically in Augsburg since 1597) and Matthias Kager (in Augsburg since 1603). Both have certainly made a major contribution to conveying the good shape of the Italian Cinquecento to southern Germany and Augsburg, but their actual contribution to Holl's work is unclear. In dealing with her style, Holl gradually found his own, mostly quite sober formal language.

Holl's buildings shape large parts of Augsburg's historic old town: the armory (1602–1607), the Wertachbrucker Tor (1605) and the Stadtmetzg (1609), the grammar school near St. Anna (1613), the new building (1614), the red one Tor (1622) and the Heilig-Geist-Spital (1626–1631, today the seat of the Augsburger Puppenkiste ) as well as the casting hall in today's A. B. von Stetten Institute are just a few of his buildings that still exist or have been rebuilt today.

Holl also supplied the designs for the Holy Trinity Church in Haunsheim in 1606 and those for the Gemmingen building of the Willibaldsburg in Eichstätt in 1608 . The plans for Schwarzenberg Castle (1608–1618) also come from him.


  • The autobiography of Elias Holl . Edited by Christian Meyer, Augsburg 1873, online version


  • Robert Dohme:  Holl, Elias . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, pp. 744-746.
  • Christian Meyer: The house chronicle of the Holl family (1487–1646), in particular the life records of Elias Holl, master builder of the city of Augsburg . Self-published, Munich 1910 ( digitized ).
  • Norbert Lieb:  Holl, Elias. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 9, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1972, ISBN 3-428-00190-7 , p. 531 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Elias Holl and the Augsburg City Hall. Regensburg 1985, publisher v. Wolfram Baer, ​​Hanno-Walter Kruft, Bernd Roeck.
  • Julian Jachmann: The Art of the Augsburg Council 1588–1631. Communal spaces as media of domination and memory. Munich / Berlin 2008.
  • Bernd Roeck : Elias Holl: Architect of a European City. Pustet, Regensburg 1985, ISBN 3-7917-0926-7 .
  • Johannes Erichsen: Thoughts on the Augsburg town hall on the occasion of the exhibition Elias Holl and the Augsburg town hall . In: Kunstchronik, 38 (1985), 486–502.
  • Dorothea Diemer, Peter Diemer: Elias Holl and the Augsburg City Hall. Colloquium in Augsburg City Hall, July 5th and 6th, 1985 . In: Kunstchronik, 38 (1985), 502-519.
  • Thomas Fichtner, Kai Wenzel: Elias Holl . In: Arnold Bartetzky (ed.): The builders of the "German Renaissance". A myth in art history ?. Sax-Verlag, Beucha 2004, ISBN 978-3-934544-52-9 , pp. 213-236.
  • Benedikt Mauer: The house chronicle of Elias Holl: Autobiography of a Renaissance architect? In: Autobiography and Self-Portrait in the Renaissance . Cologne 1998. pp. 192-201.
  • Renate Miller-Gruber: Elias Holl: The brilliant Augsburg builder of the Renaissance. context, Augsburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-939645-29-0 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Robert Dohme: ADB. Volume 12 - Version of November 27, 2019, 12:51 p.m. UTC. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, published by the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved November 27, 2019 .

Web links

Commons : Elias Holl  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Elias Holl  - Sources and full texts