Born in 1796 in Neustadt am Rübenberge in the Electorate of Hanover at the time of the personal union between Great Britain and Hanover , Ernst Heinrich Diedrich Grünau grew up in the so-called "French era". At the beginning of the Kingdom of Hanover , he got a job in the village of Bornum . The school there also had to visit the 36 school children from the neighboring village of Badenstedt for a time after the teacher Hennich Christoph Engelke from Redderse , who had previously worked at the Badenstedter Küsterschule , died in 1818.
Since the Bornum residents had refused a long-term merger of both schools at the Badenstedt location, the Badenstedt residents increased the advertised annual teacher's salary to 68 thalers and 19 groschen and were finally able to entice Ernst Grünau as a teacher to Badenstedt in 1821. But only 30 thalers had to be paid out in cash. Grünau received the remaining part of the sum in the form of natural goods and authorizations, such as free right of residence in what was then the Badenstedter schoolhouse, the use of fields, gardens and meadows, grazing rights for a cow and two pigs, delivery of rye and a right to three Fuder annually Firewood.
One argument in favor of Grünau's move to Badenstedt was the promise of the local residents to build a new, larger school building instead of the old school built in 1695. Until then, the teacher had to live with his family and his own toddler “in the old, narrow school room”, in which, from 1821, he had to teach 44 school children at the same time during the day. But it was not until 1822 that the Consistorial Council gave its approval for a new school building . And in October 1823, the pastor who worked at St. Martin's Church in Linden , who was also the chairman of the school board in Badenstedt, wrote to the royal office in Wennigsen to request either a new school room in the village or, alternatively, the interior renovation of the old school room by means of a new floor, a new stove and a sufficient number of tables and benches. As a result, the new school at the - later - address Kapellenweg 5 was finally completed in the same year for a total cost of 680 thalers . The half-timbered house is now a listed building .
Once again, the Lindener pastor used for Badenstedter teacher family after Ernst Grunau 1826 in health and - for lack of health insurance then got into economic difficulties -: After the consistory had initially awarded a one-time special bonus of Ernst Grunau that Badenstedter increased parish Grünau annual income to 82 thalers and 16 groschen including natural produce.
Ernst Grünau had worked as a teacher in Badenstedt for around four decades when he died of a heart attack while visiting the Church of St. Martin in Linden .
The street laid out in Badenstedt around 1885, which leads from Badenstedter Straße to Am Soltekamp and in 1909 was initially named Sophienstraße and later Kampstraße , was finally renamed Grünaustraße , which means that the municipality of Badenstedt posthumously set a " monument " to the teacher .
- Udo Obal: The village school in the 19th century. In: Udo Obal and others: A village becomes a district. History and stories from Badenstedt. ed. from the Kulturgemeinschaft Hannover-West eV 1st edition. HZ-Verlag, Hannover 2008, ISBN 978-3-939659-92-1 , pp. 33-36.
- Udo Obal: The beginnings of the village school. and: The village school in the 19th century. In: Udo Obal and others: A village becomes a district. History and stories from Badenstedt. ed. from the Kulturgemeinschaft Hannover-West eV 1st edition. HZ-Verlag, Hannover 2008, ISBN 978-3-939659-92-1 , pp. 21-23 and 33-36.
- Grünaustrasse. In: Helmut Zimmermann : The street names of the state capital Hanover. Hahnsche Buchhandlung Verlag, Hanover 1992, ISBN 3-7752-6120-6 , p. 99f.
- Klaus Mlynek : Personal union. In: Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein (eds.) U. a .: City Lexicon Hanover . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2009, ISBN 978-3-89993-662-9 , p. 498.
- Klaus Mlynek: Napoleonic Wars. In: Stadtlexikon Hannover. 2009, p. 459f.
- Ilse Rüttgerodt-Riechmann: Badenstedt. In: Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany , architectural monuments in Lower Saxony. Volume 10.2: City of Hanover. Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft, Braunschweig 1985, ISBN 3-528-06208-8 , pp. 160ff.
- Badenstedt. In: List of architectural monuments according to § 4 ( NDSchG ) (excluding architectural monuments of the archaeological monument preservation), status: July 1, 1985, City of Hanover Lower Saxony State Administration Office - publications by the Institute for Monument Preservation, p. 25.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Grünau, Ernst Heinrich Diedrich (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German teacher|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 15, 1796|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Neustadt am Rübenberge|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 17, 1861|
|Place of death||Linden trees in front of Hanover|