Félix de Blochausen

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Félix de Blochausen

Félix Baron de Blochausen (born March 5, 1834 at Birtringen Castle, Schieren ; † November 21, 1915 ibid) was a Luxembourg politician.


Blochausen studied law in Belgium and France, settled as a lawyer at the Diekirch District Court and was elected to the Chamber of Deputies by the canton of the same name in 1860 . From December 14, 1866 to December 3, 1867 he was Director General (Minister) for Interior in the government of Victor de Tornaco . In 1869 he was re-elected to the Chamber, of which he was President from 1872 to 1873.

On December 26, 1874, after the resignation of Emmanuel Servais , Blochausen was appointed Minister of State, District President and Director General for External Relations. From September 21 to October 12, 1882, he was also briefly responsible for finances.

During Blochausen's reign, the penal code and the school system were reformed. He favored the formation of a finance group that aimed to build a new railway network (Prinz-Heinrich-Bahnen) in the Grand Duchy. The company failed, however; Likewise, the National Bank collapsed in 1881, and a few years later the Crédit foncier , which Blochausen had helped to establish , went bankrupt . In 1881 he carried out a reorganization of the militia system, according to which the draft was stopped and a volunteer corps was established. The establishment of a regional cultural administration based on the Baden and Wuerttemberg model, a law on agricultural syndicate cooperatives and a stimulus for agricultural improvements made effective by state subsidies were also on his initiative.

His attempts to change the succession to the Luxembourg throne in the sense of a continuation of the personal union with Holland failed because of the rights of the Duke of Nassau . Blochausen had also initiated negotiations with the operating company of the Prinz-Heinrich-Bahnen without the previous knowledge of the other members of the government, which should lead to the purchase of the network by the Luxembourg state; however, his colleagues refused to ratify the draft treaty that was presented to them later. In the meantime, the Prinz Heinrich shares on the Brussels stock exchange had risen rapidly in response to the rumor of the nationalization of the railways, and then suddenly fell again when the real facts became known. Blochausen was compromised by the fact that shortly before the bear market hit, his wife had telegraphed a Brussels relative to sell. Blochausen then submitted his release, which he received on February 20, 1885. In the new elections in 1887, he was again given a mandate from the canton of Diekirch.

From 1893 until his death, Félix de Blochausen was president of the Société agricole grand-ducale .


For his services, Blochausen was accepted into the Nassau House Order of the Golden Lion on June 8, 1882 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Décès de M. le baron de Blochausen, ancien Ministre d'Etat, Président du Gouvernement (November 21). 1915, Retrieved July 15, 2020 .
  2. a b Blochausen, Baron Felix de . In: Brockhaus' Konversations-Lexikon , 14th edition, 1894-96, 3 vol., P. 135.
  3. Jean Schoos : The medals and decorations of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the former Duchy of Nassau in the past and present. Publishing house of Sankt-Paulus Druckerei AG. Luxembourg 1990. ISBN 2-87963-048-7 . P. 197.