George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore
Calvert had been Secretary of State for Jacob I and Charles I from 1619 onwards . He maintained his position in the ministry even after he had become Catholic in 1624. He was appointed Lord Baltimore in 1625 and was given by Charles I after one of him in Newfoundland -scale colony ( Ferryland ) had failed, a strip of land on the northern border of Virginia to the present. His goal was to create a colony in which a peaceful coexistence of Catholics and Protestants was possible. When Calvert died before achieving this goal, his son Cæcilius received a patent in the form of a royal fief in 1632 to settle the country between the 40th parallel in the north and thePotomac in the south. The new colony was named Maryland in honor of the king's wife, Henriette Maria .
The city of Baltimore , founded in Maryland in 1729 , was named in honor of Calvert. His descendants maintained the colony's government until the American War of Independence . The flag of Maryland bears the colors of its family crest, as does the flags of the city of Baltimore, Baltimore County , Anne Arundel County , Calvert County , Caroline County , Howard County, and Charles County (all located in Maryland).
- Browne, William Hand (1890). George Calvert and Cecilius Calvert: Barons Baltimore of Baltimore . New York: Dodd, Mead, and Company.
- Brugger, Robert J. (1988). Maryland: A Middle Temperament, 1634-1980 . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 0-8018-3399-X .
- Codignola, Luca (1988). The Coldest Harbor of the Land: Simon Stock and Lord Baltimore's Colony in Newfoundland, 1621–1649 . Translated by Anita Weston. Kingston, Ontario: McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 0-7735-0540-7 .
- Fiske, John (1897). Old Virginia and Her Neighbors . Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
- Hennesey, James (1981). American Catholics: A History of the Roman Catholic Community in the United States . Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-503268-3 .
- Krugler, John D. (2004). English and Catholic: the Lords Baltimore in the Seventeenth Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-7963-9 .
- Middleton, Richard (3rd ed. 2002). Colonial America: A History. 1565-1776. Oxford, UK; Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 0-631-22141-7 .
- Pope, Peter Edward (2004). Fish into Wine: the Newfoundland Plantation in the Seventeenth Century. Chapel Hill: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia, by the University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2910-2 .
- Stewart, Alan (2003). The Cradle King: A Life of James VI & I. London: Chatto & Windus. ISBN 0-7011-6984-2 .
- Calvert, Sir George (bio) , from the website: "The Governorship of Newfoundland and Labrador: Government House"
- George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore . In: Dictionary of Canadian Biography . 24 volumes, 1966–2018. University of Toronto Press, Toronto ( English , French ).
- Calvert, Sir George (bio) , from Encyclopedia Britannica , free full article from the latest issue.
- Calvert, Sir George (bio) , from the Maryland State Archives. With photos and sources.
|New title created||
|SURNAME||Calvert, George, 1st Baron Baltimore|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||English statesman|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1578|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kiplin , North Yorkshire|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 15, 1632|
|Place of death||Lincoln's Inn Fields, London|