Giovanni Battista Caproni

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Giovanni Battista Caproni

Giovanni Battista Caproni , nickname Gianni Caproni (born July 3, 1886 in Massone near Arco ( Arch ) then Tyrol , Austria-Hungary , today Trentino , Italy ; † October 27, 1957 in Rome ) was an Italian aeronautical engineer and entrepreneur. He founded the aviation company named after him, Caproni .

Air carrier

After completing his school education, Caproni attended the Polytechnic in Munich and trained as an electrical engineer. He became interested in aviation and learned about the Wright brothers . The final decision to turn to aviation was made during a visit to Paris when he came into contact with the aviation pioneers of the time.

In 1908 he founded a workshop for aircraft construction and he began with his first aircraft, which made its first flight on May 27, 1910, but was completely destroyed on landing. The company then moved to Vizzola Ticino near Varese and operated under the name Societa de Agostini e Caproni from 1911 . Business was slow and in 1913 the state took over the company. However, Caproni remained production manager. During the First World War , Caproni developed a number of heavy bombers , starting with the Caproni Ca.1

After World War Caproni designed some sensational machines, such as the 100-seat Nine Decker Caproni about 60 or Thermojetflugzeug Campini Caproni CC.2 . Samoletna Fabrika Kaproni Bulgarski was a production facility in Kazanlak that Caproni took over from the Czech manufacturer Aero in 1930 .

In 1940 he was appointed Conte di Taliedo . During the Second World War he manufactured aircraft such as the Caproni Ca.311 . After the proclamation of the Republic of Salò , the main production facilities for Caproni were in this area. From this point onwards, as in the Caproni works in Torbole , production was carried out for the German war economy . He was therefore wanted as a collaborator in Italy after the end of the war in 1945 , but fled and was able to evade arrest until 1946, when his innocence was proven.

Between 1946 and 1951, Caproni tried to reorganize its companies and establish itself on the world market without lasting success.


Aviation Museum

The Museo dell'aeronautica Gianni Caproni at Trento Airport is dedicated to him.

See also

Web links

Commons : Giovanni Battista Caproni  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files