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City of Moringen
Coat of arms of Großenrode
Coordinates: 51 ° 40 ′ 11 "  N , 9 ° 54 ′ 30"  E
Height : 175 m above sea level NN
Residents : 335  (Jan 2020)
Incorporation : March 1, 1974
Postal code : 37186
Area code : 05503
Großenrode (Lower Saxony)

Location of Großenrode in Lower Saxony

Großenrode is a district of the city of Moringen in the Northeim district in Lower Saxony .


Neighboring towns of Großenrode are Behrensen , Moringen, Thüdinghausen , Schnedinghausen , Berwartshausen , Hillerse and Elvese .


The first written mention of the place Großenrode is often a mention of "Nywenrode" (Nuwenrode) in the traditions of the Fulda monastery from the year 978. According to the Lower Saxon place-name book, however, this document should refer to Neuerode , the first written mention of Herimannus and Bernhardus de Rothe is set there to the middle of the 12th century. The place name, which initially appeared only as "Rode" or in Latinized form as "Novalis" (Neubruchland), was given the addition of "Großen-" (Latin "maior") from the 13th century to distinguish it from that which was also in the Hardenberg area lying Lütgenrode .

The area has been settled since the Stone Age. During excavations, traces of settlement from different epochs were found:

From the Middle Ages onwards , the von Hardenberg family was the main owner of the place, as evidenced by a large number of title deeds. Originally there was only a Hardenberg noble farm in Großenrode. The first mention of a priest from Großenrode ("plebanus de Maiore Nouali") from 1276 proves that the place was already a parish village at that time and certainly also had its own church . The Hardenbergers living there sold the village to their cousins ​​in 1389, who had their seat at Hardenberg Castle . With the introduction of the Reformation , the Lutheran pastors Gabriel Halbritter in 1592, M. Velius in 1598 and Johann Breithaupt in 1600 found their way to Großenrode. From the beginning of the 19th century, the Hardenberg family was buried in the church in Großenrode. In 1850 cholera raged in the area, from which Nörten-Hardenberg was spared. A Catholic citizen from Großenrode erected a crucifix in linen wood as a souvenir . More recently, other citizens had 15 wayside shrines built on the path that leads to the crucifix , and this place gradually developed into a place of pilgrimage .

On March 1, 1974, Großenrode was incorporated into the town of Moringen.


Reconstruction of the village fortifications
Grave reconstruction

Reconstruction buildings

Within a partially archaeologically recorded trench fortification of the Rössen culture northeast of the village, a piece of the trench fortification with picket fence was reconstructed. From the fortification, a trench and the footprints of posts were detected in three areas, and two gates were also detectable. Assuming a closed rampart, a slightly oval surrounding area with a diameter of around 190 meters is assumed. Nine houses almost 30 meters long as well as more recent, Iron Age building sites were located within the wall using post locations. Also two common graves from around 4700 BC. BC and a moat that is said to have enclosed a Bronze Age barrow were discovered here. The reconstruction of the barrow with a surrounding ditch and one of the archaeologically recorded communal graves with a perforated stone on one narrow side were erected as demonstration objects in the immediate vicinity of the location of the originals. The excavations took place in 1988–1990 and 2003 and were in connection with construction work on Kreisstraße 425, which cuts through the excavation area.

St. Johannis Church

St. John's Church, north elevation

The Evangelical Lutheran parish church of St. Johannis was built in 1740 on the eastern edge of the village. The brightly plastered quarry stone with corner cubes and window frames made of red sandstone blocks includes the West already in 1730 built family crypt of the Lords of Hardenberg one. The western part of the actual church building is slightly drawn in opposite the main part of the nave, while the church in the east is just closing. On the hipped roof in the west sits a tiled roof turret with an octagonal floor plan. Inside, the hall, divided by slender columns, closes off at the top with a semicircular wooden barrel.

The mention of a "plebanus" (priest) in a document from 1276 shows that Großenrode was already a parish village at that time. The parish of Großenrode has been looked after by the parish in Moringen since 1997, and since the beginning of 2009 it has been part of the new Trinitatis parish of Leine-Weper der Evangelisch together with the churches and chapels in Moringen, Fredelsloh, Espol, Schnedinghausen, Lutterbeck, Oldenrode and Nienhagen Lutheran regional church of Hanover .

Web links

Commons : Großenrode  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Data and figures on the website of the city of Moringen, accessed on April 6, 2020
  2. ^ City of Moringen: Großenrode . Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  3. ^ Walter Ohlmer: 1000 years of Thüdinghausen: Festschrift for the one-thousand-year celebration 1978 , Moringen, 1978
  4. a b Christian Kämmerer, Peter Ferdinand Lufen: Northeim district, part 1. Southern part with the cities of Hardegsen, Moringen, Northeim and Uslar, the areas of Bodenfelde and Nörten-Hardenberg, the community of Katlenburg-Lindau and the community-free area of ​​Solling . Ed .: Christiane Segers-Glocke. CW Niemeyer, Hameln 2002, ISBN 3-8271-8261-1 , p. 171 f . (Monument topography Federal Republic of Germany. Architectural monuments in Lower Saxony, volume = 7.1).
  5. ^ A b c Kirstin Casemir, Franziska Menzel, Uwe Ohainski: The place names of the district of Northeim . In: Jürgen Udolph (Hrsg.): Lower Saxony Place Name Book (NOB) . Part V. Publishing house for regional history, Bielefeld 2005, ISBN 3-89534-607-1 , p. 372, 162 f .
  6. City of Moringen: Early History II - Moringer Raum (Feldberg) ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved March 25, 2011. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Houses for the dead - collective graves in the southern Leinetal on
  8. ^ Theodor Eckart: Hardenberg. Description and history of the old mountain castle . In: History of South Hanoverian castles and monasteries . 2nd Edition. tape 1 . Bernhard Franke, Leipzig 1893, p. 17 .
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 214 .
  10. Neolithic village , information board of the civil association "Our environment Mörliehausen eV" in Rekonstruktionsbauten, viewed 20 March 2011
  11. Ev.-luth. Trinitatis parish Leine-Weper. Retrieved November 14, 2012 .