As the child of Heinrich Martin Renker from Zurich and Maria Katharina Schimmer from Vienna, Renker grew up in Bodensdorf (village of Steindorf am Ossiacher See ) and attended grammar school in Villach . Even as a schoolboy he wrote for the Villacher Zeitung. In the winter semester of 1908/09 he studied at the Bergakademie in Leoben and in 1908 he became an honorary boy of the Cruxia Leoben fraternity . From 1909 he studied philology, music and music history in Vienna . He attended the Vienna Music Academy and obtained the Kapellmeister diploma in 1912 . In 1913, with his work Der Wiener Sepulcro, he was awarded Dr. phil. PhD . After completing his studies, he worked as a conductor and composer in Vienna, Graz and Nuremberg before turning to journalism in the 1920s. In 1918 he married Margarete Helene Schulzke.
He was first known as a writer through a report on his mountaineering experiences in the First World War . Renker made his literary debut in 1918 with the novel As a mountain climber against Italy , in which he described his experiences in the First World War. This debut was followed by over fifty mountain and local novels .
Renker became an editor in Vienna, Hamburg and Bern . From 1919 to 1929 Renker was editor of the Berner Tagblatt in Bern. From 1929 to 1931 he lived as a freelance writer in Carinthia. After a short period as a freelance writer , he finally settled in Switzerland and in 1931 took over the editor-in-chief of the Emmenthaler Blatt in Langnau im Emmental , a position that he held until 1945. In 1943 he wrote the book Bienlein und seine Tiere , which he dedicated to his daughter Verena.
Part of Renker's estate (an archive box with correspondence and photos) is in the Carinthian literature archive .
Renker published over sixty novels, most of them local novels, such as Schicksal in der Nordwand (1938) or Schrattenfluh (1940). This also includes stories and reports, including from his travels in Europe and North Africa . Renker also wrote some self-composed and self-written songs; one of his most famous songs is Du dear old Bern from 1925.
“Renker was one of the most widely read home authors in German-speaking countries. His works can be classified as anti-modern provincial literature from the interwar period. Although the subject remained monotonous, Renker had a confident and solid writing style that, although somewhat romanticizing, is enhanced by his instinct for exciting storylines. "
His subjects have been filmed repeatedly.
In addition to his homeland and mountain novels, Gustav Renker has written a number of fantastic novels and short stories, some of which are set in the alpine mountains, and some in regions (Africa, Asia) that were exotic at the time. He deals with the Atlantis motif ( The Mysterious Ship ) as well as the hollow world theory, which was in vogue at the time ( The Secret of Simon Hard ) and the motif of the artist who relied on magical powers ( The Walking Flame ), which was popular in the Romantic era .
What is striking about Renker is the pacifism - rather unusual for German-speaking fantastic “popular” authors of the first half of the 20th century - : the war is described as an “insane frenzy of patriotism and hatred” (quote from The Herald of Death , 1923).
- 1946: Honorary award of the Swiss Schiller Prize
- 1946: Literature Prize of the City of Bern
- 1959: Literature Prize of the City of Bern
Gustav-Renker-Strasse was named after him in Villach.
- As a mountaineer against Italy . Munich 1918: W. Schmidkunz.
- Lonely from the mountains . Munich, Vienna, Zurich 1919: Dreiländerverlag.
- Mr Bieler's evening . Vienna, Berlin 1921: Viennese Literary Institute.
- Holy mountains . Leipzig, Zurich 1921: Grethlein & Co.
- Film adaptation of the holy mountain (1926)
- Peasant need . Leipzig, Zurich 1922: Grethlein & Co.
- The Herald of Death. A fantastic novel . Leipzig, Zurich 1923: Gretlein & Co.
- The children from the rose garden. A story from Bern . Berlin 1923: C. Flemming & CT Wiskott.
- Musical character heads . Bern 1923: Book printing company Berner Tagblatt.
- Will-o'-the-wisps. Strange stories . Leipzig, Zurich 1924: Grethlein & Co.
- The hospice hostess . Berlin 1924: C. Flemming & CT Wiskott.
- The devilish goalkeeper: Roman from the Carinthian mountains . Breslau 1925: Bergstadtverlag.
- The people without a home . Leipzig 1925: L. Staackmann .
- The lake . Leipzig 1926: L. Staackmann.
- The dying yard . Leipzig 1927: L. Staackmann (perhaps the original edition from 1923)
- The aviator . Leipzig 1928: L. Staackmann.
- Heinrich Biehler's evening . Basel 1928: F. Reinhardt.
- Demons on high . Berlin 1928: Verlag der Gesellschaft deutscher Literaturfreunde, R. Markiewicz.
- Tales from the forest . Basel 1928, F. Reinhardt.
- Bernese novellas . Basel 1929: F. Reinhardt.
- The witch bailiff . Basel 1929: F. Reinhardt.
- The city of youth . Leipzig 1929: L. Staackmann.
- Rock crystal . Basel 1930: F. Reinhardt.
- Film adaptation of the blue light (1932)
- Translations: French: La lueur bleue (“The blue glow”), Geneva 1942; Dutch: rock crystal ; Spanish: Luz azul .
- The fight with the glacier . Basel around 1930: F. Reinhardt.
- Fire in the east . Leipzig 1930: L. Staackmann.
- Symphony and jazz . Leipzig 1931: L. Staackmann.
- The lost valley . Basel 1931: F. Reinhardt.
- Film adaptation of The Lost Valley 1934
- The people in the stone . Basel 1931: Association for the Distribution of Good Writings.
- The throbbing mountain. Narratives . Graz 1931: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Klaus Balmer's escape . Basel 1932: F. Reinhardt.
- The Faldum avalanche . Basel 1932: F. Reinhardt.
- The beast in the swamp. A novel from Africa . Leipzig 1932: L. Staackmann.
- Finale in Venice: A Richard Wagner novel . Leipzig 1933: L. Staackmann.
- The shepherds of Rocca. From the diary of Pastor Johannes Sartoris . Basel 1933: F. Reinhardt.
- Pastor Johanne . Gütersloh 1933: C. Bertelsmann.
- The secret one in the black ground. Narratives . Graz 1934: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- The fight with the glacier . Basel 1934: F. Reinhardt.
- The moss hut people . Gütersloh 1934: C. Bertelsmann.
- A ship steers into prehistoric times . Bremen 1934: H. Burmester.
- Poet around Heinrich Mark . Basel 1935: F. Reinhardt.
- The quiet land. A soldier's story . Basel 1935: F. Reinhardt.
- Demon mountain . Graz, Leipzig, Vienna 1935: Verlag Styria.
- Five men build a way. An alpine novel . Leipzig 1935: Ph. Reclam jun.
- The great Winnetou . Gütersloh 1935: C. Bertelsmann.
- The love of the Junker Cyrill . Gütersloh 1935: C. Bertelsmann.
- Mountain war. Mountaineer Diary . Graz, Leipzig, Vienna 1936: Verlag Styria.
- French gold. An alpine novel . Basel 1936: F. Reinhardt.
- Bird without a nest . Leipzig 1936: L. Staackmann.
- The lord of the wild riders. A Pizarro chronicle from ancient times . Salzburg, Vienna, Leipzig 1937: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- The walking flame . Salzburg, Vienna, Leipzig 1937: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Call from the Karst . Berlin: Wedge 1937.
- The village without farmers. A novel from the Carinthian French era . 1938.
- The city in the desert. Adventure novel . Salzburg, Vienna, Leipzig 1938: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Destiny in the North Face . Berlin 1938: Keil Verlag.
- The woman in the ice . Basel 1938: F. Reinhardt.
- Hikers in the mountains . Leipzig 1939: L. Staackmann.
- Hours of danger . Salzburg, Vienna, Leipzig 1939: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Schrattenfluh . Basel 1940: F. Reinhardt.
- Mrs. Beate and her child . Basel 1941: F. Reinhardt.
- The way over the mountain . Basel 1942: F. Reinhardt.
- The monk's music. The Green House Enigma . Zurich-Zollikon 1942: EA Hofmann.
- Nordic legend. The story of a great love . Zurich-Zollikon 1942: EA Hofmann.
- Flight to fate . Novella. Leipzig: P. Reclam jun. 1942.
- The Secret of Simon Hard. A fantastic novel . Zurich-Zollikon 1943: EA Hofmann.
- Bees and their animals . Basel 1943: F. Reinhardt.
- Fate on Piz Orsalia . Zurich 1945: Falken-Verlag
- French: Aux flancs du Pic Orsalia . Genève, Paris 1946: Jeheber
- New edition 2016 Edition Mordstage Bern (with bibliography of all first editions).
- The song of love. Novel of a man's loyalty . Zurich 1946: Falken-Verlag.
- The golden organ . Basel 1947: F. Reinhardt.
- Arosa takes - Arosa gives . Zurich 1948: Ex Libris.
- The Herald of Death. A fantastic novel . Bern 1948: A. Scherz.
- The monk of Ossiach . Villach 1948: J. Baier.
- The smoking wall. A ronab of mountains and hunting . Villach 1948: J. Baier.
- Tossi, a family and animal story . Basel 1948: F. Reinhardt.
- The mysterious ship. A utopian novel . Salzburg 1949: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Keeper's house 11. A novel about the Lötschbergbahn . Basel 1950: F. Reinhardt.
- Adventure in Albania . Salzburg 1951: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Bird without a nest . Vienna 1951: E. Albrecht.
- The savage from Cazün . Basel 1951: F. Reinhardt.
- From Federfuchsers inkwell. Serious and cheerful news from journalists' life . Bern 1951: Good writings.
- The green kingdom . Vienna 1952: E. Albrecht.
- The hunter's blood. A Carinthian novel . Vienna 1952: E. Albrecht.
- The girl with the eagle . Vienna 1952: W. Andermann.
- Animal stories . Bern 1952: joke.
- Fall for the mountains . Basel 1953: F. Reinhardt.
- The people from the fisherman's house . Basel 1953: F. Reinhardt.
- Mountains in the evening light . Vienna 1953: E. Albrecht.
- Ayesa's riddle. Adventure novel . Salzburg 1954: Verlag 'Das Bergland-Buch'.
- Hell bar. The story of a hunting lodge . Vienna 1954: E. Albrecht.
- The blue men of Cimolan . Bern 1954: A. Scherz.
- The lost lake . Basel 1955: F. Reinhardt.
- What the old carpet said . Basel 1955: F. Reinhardt.
- The devil of Saletto . Vienna 1956: E. Albrecht.
- Jan and Vitus. A bear novel from the wild Karst . Vienna 1956: Hubertus Verlag.
- Missed in the mountains . Bern 1956: A. Scherz.
- The fight with the glacier . Heidelberg 1956: Keysersche Verlagbuchhandlung.
- Mountain of the lonely. Alpine novel . Heidelberg 1957: Keysersche publishing house bookstore.
- The eerie mountain . Heidelberg 1957: Keysersche publishing house bookstore.
- Light in the moor. The notes of the teacher Hans Brügger . Basel 1957: F. Reinhardt.
- Big mountains, small huts. Experienced and seen . Munich 1960: Bassermann.
- Fish fall from the sky . Munich, Bonn, Vienna 1961: BLV publishing company.
- End of the world . Vienna 1963: E. Albrecht.
- Wolves in Waidegg . Maria-Rain 1963: Pertrei.
- Eight dogs and more . Thun, Munich 1965: Ott.
- Misunderstood serpent people. Adventure and experiences . Hanover 1966: Adolf Sponholz.
- The blue light. 1932 (based on Renker's novel Bergkristall )
- The lost valley. 1934
- K. Gradwohl-Schlacher: Renker, Gustav . In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 . 2nd revised edition (online only).
- Tobias Hoffmann-Allenspach: Gustav Renker . In: Andreas Kotte (Ed.): Theater Lexikon der Schweiz . Volume 3, Chronos, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-0340-0715-9 , p. 1480 f.
- Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume II: Artists. Winter, Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8253-6813-5 , pp. 569-571.
- Walther Killy : Literature Lexicon. Volume 9. De Gruyter , Berlin and New York 2010. ISBN 978-3-11-022044-5 , p. 392.
- Wilhelm Kosch : German Literature Lexicon. Volume 12. Francke , Bern and Munich 1968, ISBN 3-7720-0952-2 , pp. 1005-1008.
- Literature by and about Gustav Renker in the catalog of the German National Library
- Karin Marti-Weissenbach: Renker, Gustav. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Gustav Renker in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Gustav Renker in the bibliographic database WorldCat
- Historical Alpine Archive: Personal folder from Gustav Renker (Alpine questionnaire, anniversary contribution on his 75th birthday and some other small archive pieces; PDF; 588 kB)
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Journalist and writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 12, 1889|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 23, 1967|
|Place of death||Langnau im Emmental , Switzerland|