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The manor on Gut Grünholz

The Grünholz estate ( Danish Grønholt gods ) is located in the village of Thumby in the Schwansen region in northeastern Schleswig-Holstein . The former noble estate with its baroque manor house has been managed since the Middle Ages to the present day. It is owned by the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg family , who belong to one of the remaining ducal lines of the House of Oldenburg in Schleswig-Holstein.

historical overview

The estate goes back to a curia , a medieval farmyard of the Schleswig bishops, was first mentioned in the records in 1463 and Hartwig Sehestedt was named as the owner. He built a small tower castle near the courtyard, but soon sold green wood, as the knight Benedikt von Pogwisch is attested as the owner as early as 1475 . During this time, the former land was transformed into a manor . In 1517 his son Wulf von Pogwisch († 1534) sold green wood to Duke Friedrich von Holstein , who two years later exchanged it for the Hütten estate with Sievert von der Wisch . By inheritance, Grünholz came back to the Pogwisch family in 1655 and to the Ahlefeld family in 1716 , which remained on Grünholz until 1732 and then sold it to the Thienen family . In the 18th century, too, the owners changed several times through sales and inheritance: to Ida Lucia von Thienen, born Brockdorff , who had today's manor house built, followed a line of Plessen in succession in 1752 . In 1807 the Buchwaldt family acquired the estate, and in 1834 Count Moltke . Magnus von Moltke finally moved to Upper Silesia in 1855 and sold the estate to Duke Karl zu Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg .

The estate, which is over 1,200 hectares in size, is owned by the ducal family and is farmed; the business is run by Christoph Prinz zu Schleswig-Holstein . The manor house is inhabited by the family and, like the garden, is not open to the public; the estate is only accessible to a limited extent by public roads.


The mansion

Since the mansion is owned by one of the former ducal families of Schleswig-Holstein, it is sometimes referred to as Grünholz Castle . It was built under Lucia von Thienen, Heinrich von Thienen's widow, who came from the Brockdorff family, from 1749 to 1752 in the remnant of the moat that once completely surrounded the farmyard. It is still surrounded by water on two sides. The building is made of brick in the shape of a cuboid and covered with a hipped roof, the house with two full floors above a basement plinth is nine window axes wide. The central projection facing the courtyard is accentuated by a triangular gable; the building owner's monogram is located in the gable area . The baroque sandstone portal with the double coat of arms of the Thienen and Brockdorff families is reached via a stone bridge. The manor house has remained almost unchanged in its shape since the 18th century, the only significant structural change in later times is a south-facing terrace with cellars and utility rooms below from 1910.

While the facades of the baroque building, structured with pilasters, already refer to the classicism style with their clear lines , the interior decoration is to be assigned to the rococo style . The wall-mounted decoration of the rooms is largely in its original state, the garden room of the manor house is counted among the most beautiful Rococo rooms in the former Duchy of Schleswig .

Courtyard view of the gatehouse

The estate and the garden

To the east of the manor house is the large farm yard, the historic building stock with barns, stables and outbuildings was almost completely destroyed by a large fire in 1888. Most of the current buildings date from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The courtyard is entered through the historic gatehouse, which is symmetrically followed by two smaller farm buildings and two large barns, all of which are axially aligned with the manor house. A large landscaped garden, which is designed with water areas and groups of trees, adjoins the manor house to the west.


  • Georg Dehio (greeting), Johannes Habich (editing): Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein ( Handbook of German Art Monuments ). 3rd edition Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-422-03120-3 .
  • Henning v. Rumohr: Castles and mansions in the Duchy of Schleswig , newly edited. by Cai Asmus v. Rumohr, 1987, Verlag Weidlich Würzburg, 3rd edition, ISBN 3-8035-1302-2 , p.
  • Carl-Heinrich Seebach: 800 years of castles, palaces and mansions in Schleswig-Holstein . 2nd edition Wachholtz, Neumünster 1988, ISBN 3-529-02675-1 (illustrated book).
  • Deert Lafrenz: manors and manors in Schleswig-Holstein . Published by the State Office for Monument Preservation Schleswig-Holstein, 2015, Michael Imhof Verlag Petersberg, 2nd edition, ISBN 978-3-86568-971-9 , p. 206

Web links

Commons : Gut Grünholz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 54 ° 34 '37.2 "  N , 9 ° 57' 0.9"  E