Hansheinrich Schmidt

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Hansheinrich Schmidt (born September 6, 1922 in Leipzig ; † March 12, 1994 in Grünwald ) was a German teacher and politician ( FDP ).


Schmidt lived in Dresden from 1933 , where he attended a humanistic grammar school until 1940 . After passing high school he had to do military service as an aviator and paratrooper during the Second World War . After he was taken prisoner of war by the Soviets in 1945 , he was able to leave again in the autumn of the same year for health reasons.

After the war, Schmidt lived in his wife's home in Kempten (Allgäu) . He began training as a primary school teacher , which he successfully completed in 1949 with the first and in 1951 with the second teaching examination . In 1960 he was promoted to senior teacher .

Schmidt came from a Protestant family and was the son of a district court president . Schmidt had been married since 1944. The three daughters Evelyn, Carmen and Marion emerged from his marriage to his wife Ilse (née Recher).


Schmidt had already become a member of the FDP in 1955. In 1957 he became district chairman. From 1958 he was first deputy and from 1970 chairman of the FDP district association Swabia . In addition, Schmidt was also a member of the state main committee and the state culture committee of the FDP Bavaria . In 1964 he was elected for the first time to the state board of the FDP Bavaria.

As chairman of the FDP Federal Committee for Social Affairs, Youth, Family and Health, Schmidt played a major role in the redesign of the FDP program in the area of social and social policy . He was involved in the formulation of the Freiburg theses of 1971, as well as in the resolutions of the FDP during the 1970s on health policy , equality and old-age security .

Member of Parliament

Schmidt had been a member of the German Bundestag since 1961 . There he was mainly involved in the field of social policy. In his parliamentary group , he was for many years chairman of the social policy working group and social policy spokesman for the FDP. As a member of parliament, Schmidt particularly influenced the legislation on the works constitution of 1972 and on corporate co-determination of 1976. In 1982 he was an opponent of the new course of the FDP, which ultimately led to a constructive vote of no confidence in Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and the election of Helmut Kohl as his successor and thus led to the break of the social-liberal coalition . When Kohl put the vote of confidence in the Bundestag on December 17, 1982 in order to have it artificially denied and thus bring about new elections, Schmidt was one of four MPs who sued the Federal Constitutional Court against the formal handling of the same . In protest, he decided not to run again in the following federal elections in March 1983.

Documents relating to his work for the FDP in the German Bundestag are in the archive of liberalism of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom in Gummersbach .


Schmidt was awarded the Bavarian Order of Merit in 1970 . In 1976 he received the Great Federal Cross of Merit , in 1982 the Great Federal Cross of Merit with a star.


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