Hartmut Kaelble (born April 12, 1940 in Göppingen ) is a German historian . From 1971 to 1991 he taught as professor for economic and social history at the Free University of Berlin and from 1991 to 2008 as professor for social history at the Humboldt University in Berlin . Kaelble is one of the most renowned social historians in the Federal Republic.
Live and act
Hartmut Kaelble grew up in Pfalzgrafenweiler . He graduated from school in Freudenstadt . Kaelble studied history, sociology and constitutional law in Tübingen and at the Free University of Berlin from 1959 to 1965 . In 1966 he received his doctorate from the Free University of Berlin on the topic supervised by Gerhard A. Ritter on the Central Association of German Industrialists from 1896 to 1914. From 1968 to 1971 he was first assistant and then assistant professor at the Institute for Economic and Social History at the Free University of Berlin. His habilitation in modern history took place in 1971 at the Free University of Berlin on the subject of Berlin entrepreneurs during early industrialization . From 1971 to 1991 he taught social and economic history as a professor at the Free University of Berlin. From 1991 to 2008 he taught as a professor of social history at the Humboldt University in Berlin. In 1996/97 he was director of the Institute for Historical Studies at the Humboldt University in Berlin. He was then a senior professor (2008–2010, 2011–2013) at the Institute for History at Humboldt University.
For more than three decades he published numerous works on social history, often also from a European-comparative perspective. His main research interests include social mobility , social inequality , European identity , the social history of European integration and comparative social history. In 1999 he published an introduction to historical comparison. With his introduction he would like to "give the comparison as a method of historical science a broader recognition." In 2001 he published a paper on the various paths to democracy in Europe from the French Revolution to the European Union . According to Kaelble, “no linear development towards ever more democracy” can be observed in the history of European democratization, but democratization in the European nation-states proceeded “in leaps and bounds”. In 2011 he published a history of Europe between 1945 and 1989. In 2017 he published a description of social inequality in Europe from 1900 to the present. With this work he pursues several goals. He wants to look at the history of inequality in a “global comparison”, especially with the USA. "Changes in social inequality [...] are not only described, but also tried to explain". According to Kaelble, education, health and housing must also be taken into account in the historical change in social inequality, and not just income and assets. Kaelble wants to examine these aspects for the course of the 20th century in a European comparison. With Rüdiger Hohls , he edited an anthology on European integration in 2016. With the selection of the contributions, the editors want to achieve that "the most important events and topics are discussed and the long lines of European integration are addressed."
From 2004 to 2006 he was chairman of the Franco-German historians' committee. In 1997, Kaelble was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Sorbonne (Paris I) for his research . In 2000 he became Chevalier in the ordre des palmes académiques . In 2003 Kaelble received the Gay Lussac Humboldt Prize from the French Ministry of Education. Kaelble was visiting professor at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (2002), visiting professor at the Science Center Berlin (2002/03), at the College d'Europe in Bruges (2004–2010) and at the Sorbonne (Paris I) (2001).
- More wealth, more poverty. Social Inequality in Europe from the 20th Century to the Present. Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2017, ISBN 978-3-593-50679-1 .
- Cold war and welfare state. Europe 1945–1989 (= Beck series. 1988). Beck, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-406-61327-2 .
- Social History of Europe: 1945 to the Present. Beck, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-406-54984-7 .
- Paths to Democracy. From the French Revolution to the European Union. DVA, Munich et al. 2001, ISBN 3-421-05484-3 .
- Europeans across Europe. The emergence of the European self-image in the 19th and 20th centuries. Campus, Frankfurt am Main u. a. 2001, ISBN 3-593-36704-1 .
- The historical comparison. An introduction to the 19th and 20th centuries. Campus, Frankfurt am Main et al. 1999, ISBN 3-593-36204-X .
- Industrialization and social inequality. Europe in the 19th century. A balance sheet. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1983, ISBN 3-525-01328-0 .
- Social Mobility and Equal Opportunities in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Germany in an international comparison (= critical studies on historical studies . Volume 55). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1983, ISBN 3-525-35713-3 .
- with Horst Matzerath , Hermann-Josef Rupieper , Peter Steinbach , Heinrich Volkmann : Problems of modernization in Germany. Social-historical studies for the 19th and 20th centuries (= writings of the Central Institute for Social Research at the Free University of Berlin. Volume 27). Westdeutscher Verlag, Opladen 1978, ISBN 3-531-11430-1 .
- Berlin entrepreneur during the early industrialization. Origin, social status and political influence (= publications of the Historical Commission in Berlin. Volume 40). De Gruyter, Berlin et al. 1972, ISBN 3-11-003873-0 (At the same time: Berlin (West), Free University, habilitation paper, 1971).
- with Rüdiger Hohls : History of European Integration until 1989. Steiner, Stuttgart 2016, ISBN 3-515-11303-7 .
- The European social model. On the way to the transnational welfare state (= WZB yearbook. 2004). Edition Sigma, Berlin 2004, ISBN 3-89404-004-1 .
- together with Jürgen Schriewer: comparison and transfer. Comparative literature in the social, historical and cultural studies. Campus, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2003, ISBN 3-593-36884-6 .
- Transnational publics and identities in the 20th century. Campus, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2002, ISBN 3-593-37048-4 .
- together with Dietmar Rothermund : Non-Western History Studies since 1945 (= Comparativ. 11 (2001) Issue 4). Leipziger Universitäts-Verlag, Leipzig 2001, ISBN 3-935693-40-0 .
- together with Ruth Federspiel: Social Mobility in Berlin: 1825–1957 (= sources and research on the historical statistics of Germany. Volume 10). Scripta-Mercaturae, St. Katharinen 1990, ISBN 3-922661-75-0 .
- Rüdiger Hohls, Iris Schröder, Hannes Siegrist (eds.): Europe and the Europeans. Sources and essays on modern European history. Festschrift for Hartmut Kaelble on his 65th birthday. Steiner, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-515-08691-9 . ( Expert discussion at H-Soz-u-Kult )
- Literature by and about Hartmut Kaelble in the catalog of the German National Library
- Page from Kaelble at the Humboldt University in Berlin
- Article Historical Comparison , Version 1.0, in: Docupedia-Zeitgeschichte , published on August 14, 2012
- Video interview with Helmut Kaelble
- Short biography and reviews of works by Hartmut Kaelble at perlentaucher.de
- ↑ Hartmut Kaelble: The historical comparison. An introduction to the 19th and 20th centuries. Frankfurt am Main 1999, p. 11.
- ↑ Hartmut Kaelble: Paths to Democracy. From the French Revolution to the European Union. Stuttgart 2001, p. 14.
- ↑ Hartmut Kaelble: More wealth, more poverty. Social Inequality in Europe from the 20th Century to the Present. Frankfurt am Main 2017, p. 9.
- ↑ Hartmut Kaelble: More wealth, more poverty. Social Inequality in Europe from the 20th Century to the Present. Frankfurt am Main 2017, p. 13.
- ↑ Hartmut Kaelble: Introduction. Historical perspectives on European integration. In: Hartmut Kaelble, Rüdiger Hohls (Ed.): History of European Integration until 1989. Stuttgart 2016, pp. 11–23, here: p. 15.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 12, 1940|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Goeppingen|