College of Europe
|College of Europe|
Bruges , Belgium and
Natolin ( Warsaw ), Poland
The College of Europe (English) or Collège d'Europe (French), unofficially also Dutch. Europacollege , Polish Kolegium Europejskie or German Europakolleg , is an independent postgraduate university institute for European studies, with locations in Bruges ( Belgium ) and Natolin (district of Warsaw , Poland ). It was founded in 1949. The Europakolleg is considered to be the “cadre forge of the European Union”.
Many high-ranking politicians, diplomats and academics have graduated from the College of Europe. The students come from over 50 countries and are usually selected in a highly selective selection process by a selection committee that works with the national foreign ministries. The working languages at the College of Europe are English and French.
The following postgraduate courses are offered at the Europakolleg:
- Master of Arts in European Political and Administrative Studies (Diplôme d'études approfondies en politique et administration Européennes)
- Master of Arts in European Economic Studies (Diplôme d'études approfondies en économie européenne)
- Master in European Law ( LL.M. ) (Diplôme d'études approfondies en droit européen)
- Master of Arts in European Interdisciplinary Studies (Diplôme d'études approfondies européennes interdisciplinaires)
- Master of Arts in EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies (Diplôme d'études approfondies en relations internationales et diplomatiques de l'UE)
- Master of Arts in Transatlantic Affairs (two-year double degree in cooperation with the Fletcher School )
All courses last ten months (mid-September to mid-June), the final exams take place at the end of May / beginning of June. Most students receive scholarships from their national governments. In Germany, study places and scholarships are awarded by an independent selection committee and organized by the European Movement Network . In Austria the Austrian Exchange Service (ÖAD) selects the students, in Switzerland the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation .
The College of Europe in Bruges was founded in 1949, making it the oldest postgraduate institute in the field of European integration. The foundation goes back to the Hague European Congress of the European Movement . The Spanish politician Salvador de Madariaga proposed a corresponding foundation.
Every year around 400 students from over 50 nations graduate in the fields of law , economics , political and administrative sciences as well as international relations and diplomacy . The graduates then work in the European institutions, associations, companies and national administrations, authorities, law firms and diplomacy.
The College of Europe in Natolin was founded in 1992 as a sister campus to Bruges and is currently attended by around 120 students annually. The Natolin campus offers a wide range of interdisciplinary studies. The "European Interdisciplinary Studies" are subdivided into the four main areas of EU Public Affairs and Policies (governance, decision-making processes), European History and Civilization (history and civilization of Europe), The EU and its Neighbors ( European neighborhood policy ) and The EU in the World ( EU foreign policy ).
The college is always looking to get close to celebrities; heads of government and state, European commissioners and numerous other personalities visit the College of Europe every year. In November 2010 the German Chancellor Angela Merkel visited the university in Bruges. In 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the College of Europe and gave a keynote address on EU-China relations.
Campus & student life
The university campus in Belgium is located in the historic old town of Bruges. The Polish campus is located in a nature reserve on the southern outskirts of Warsaw (30 minutes by metro from the city center). Study fees include costs for room and board on campus; this creates a close coexistence among the international student group.
Reputation and Rankings
According to the Times , the College of Europe is "to the European political elite what Harvard Business School is to the American corporate world". Der Spiegel writes that the College of Europe is "Europe's last bastion". It has been training Europe's drivers for half a century. A degree from college "opens up career opportunities, for example as a well-paid civil servant at the EU Commission, in the Council, in the European Parliament or as a lobbyist for one of the countless associations, for large law firms or company representatives. Thousands of graduates from the College of Europe, founded in 1949, have demonstrated that this It works out: Brussels is a playground for Bruges graduates. " The notorious "Bruges Mafia" have already helped one or the other to get a good job.
Many former students of the college (called Anciens in French) now work as ministers in their respective national governments, in European and national parliaments, as diplomats or in high-ranking positions in government and business.
A list of the "Anciens" from 1949 to 1999 can be found in The College of Europe. Fifty Years of Service to Europe (1999), written by Dieter Mahncke, Léonce Bekemans and Robert Picht .
Important alumni of the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium (since 1949):
- Frans Alphons Maria Alting von Geusau , Dutch lawyer and diplomat , professor at MIT , Harvard University , the University of Cambridge and the University of Michigan , member of the Dutch delegations to the General Assembly of the United Nations
- Árni Páll Árnason , Icelandic politician, former Minister of Economy of the country
- Ledi Bianku , judge at the European Court of Justice
- Ernst-Peter Brezovszky , Austrian Ambassador to the Kingdom of Denmark
- Franz Ceska , Austrian Ambassador to Belgium and France, Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva.
- Nick Clegg , British politician, formerly Deputy Prime Minister of Great Britain and Chairman of the Liberal Democrats , former Member of the European Parliament
- Luc Coene , Belgian economist and Governor of the National Bank of Belgium (NBB)
- Louise Fréchette , United Nations Deputy Secretary-General
- Otto von der Gablentz , German diplomat and scientist
- Margit Hellwig-Bötte , German diplomat, German ambassador to Kenya since 2009
- Simon Henry Ward Hughes , British politician and MP for the Liberal Democrats
- Marc Jaeger , judge at the General Court of the European Union
- Josef Joffe , editor of the time and professor of political science at Stanford University
- Claudia Kahr , judge at the Austrian Constitutional Court
- Helen Keller , professor of international law at the University of Zurich , member of the United Nations Human Rights Committee , judge at the European Court of Human Rights since 2011
- Franz Josef Kuglitsch , Austrian ambassador to Israel
- Jo Leinen , German Member of the European Parliament , President of the European Movement International , former President of the European Union
- Manuel Marín , former President of the European Commission
- Andreas Maurer , EU integration researcher
- Thomas Mayr-Harting , Austrian diplomat
- Ian McIntyre, British journalist
- David McWilliams, Irish economist and journalist
- Andreas Melan , Austrian Ambassador to Peru
- Holger Michael , German Ambassador to Bangladesh
- Enzo Moavero Milanesi , Italian Minister for European Policy
- Thomas Nader , Austrian Ambassador to Egypt and Ireland
- Jim Oberstar , former member of the American House of Representatives
- Christina Orisich, Vice Director of the Geneva Center for Security Policy
- Valerie Plame , former CIA agent
- Willibald Pahr , former Foreign Minister (Austria) and Secretary General of the UN World Tourism Organization
- Ursula Plassnik , former Austrian Foreign Minister , member of the Austrian People's Party
- Nikola Poposki , Foreign Minister of North Macedonia and former permanent representative of Macedonia to the European Union
- Albert Rohan , former Secretary General of the Austrian Foreign Ministry and UN envoy
- Jacek Saryusz-Wolski , Polish Member of the European Parliament
- Margaritis Schinas , Greek politician, Vice President of the EU Commission and as Commissioner for the Promotion of the European Lifestyle responsible for migration, equality and diversity
- Thomas Schmid , Mayor of Garmisch-Partenkirchen and former member of the Diplomatic Service of the Federal Republic of Germany
- György Schöpflin , Hungarian politician, scientist and politician, Member of the European Parliament
- Alyn Smith , Scottish Member of the European Parliament , Scottish National Party (SNP)
- Guy Spitaels , former Belgian politician and Prime Minister of Wallonia
- Alexander Stubb , Vice-President of the European Investment Bank in Luxembourg and former Prime Minister of Finland
- Helle Thorning-Schmidt , General Manager of Save the Children International and former Prime Minister of Denmark and former Chair of the Danish Social Democrats
- Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff , Austrian Ambassador to the Czech Republic (2010–2015).
- Helmut Türk , judge at the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea , former Austrian ambassador to the USA
- Marc van der Woude , judge at the European Court of Justice
- Adrien Zeller , former French minister in the government of Jacques Chirac (1986–1988), member of the Union pour un mouvement populaire
- Bernhard Zimburg , Austrian Ambassador to Algeria, Indonesia and Japan
Important alumni of the College of Europe in Natolin, Poland (since 1992):
- Gert Antsu , Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Estonia to Ukraine
- Jarosław Domański , Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Poland to the Islamic Republic of Iran
- Marija Pejčinović Burić , Deputy Prime Minister of Croatia, Minister for Foreign and European Affairs
- Alyn Smith , Scottish Member of the European Parliament
- Rafał Trzaskowski , Mayor of Warsaw, former member of the Polish Sejm, former Polish member of the European Parliament, former Polish Minister for Administration and Digitization, former State Secretary in the Polish Foreign Ministry
Years at the College of Europe are called "PhDs". Each doctorate bears the name of a famous European . The French École nationale d'administration (ENA) also has this tradition.
The opening ceremony of the college is presided over by a famous politician each year. This is called the orateur ; In recent years, among others, Angela Merkel , David Miliband , Jean-Claude Juncker , Javier Solana , José Manuel Barroso , Valéry Giscard d'Estaing , Juan Carlos I , Margaret Thatcher and François Mitterrand belong to the Orateur .
Professors and lecturers
The College of Europe is famous for its concept of the "Flying Faculty". Few professors are exclusively college professors. Rather, the professors come as "visiting professors" from science, administration and the private sector. This guarantees a special proximity to the practice. The teaching staff is at least as international as the student body. The Europakolleg follows the principle of first developing a program and then looking for the best people. During the academic year, a. Conferences with renowned practitioners such as Jean-Claude Juncker or Günter Verheugen are organized and workshops, simulations, discussions and excursions are offered.
Well-known current and former professors
- Alyson Bailes , former British diplomat and ambassador to Finland, director of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), visiting professor at the EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies Department of the College of Europe
- Leszek Balcerowicz , economist, former chairman of the Polish National Bank and Deputy Prime Minister in the government Tadeusz Mazowiecki , visiting professor at the College of Europe
- Stefan Collignon , economist, "Centennial Professor" for European political economy at the LSE , visiting professor on the topic of "Government" at Harvard University , chairman of the scientific council of the Centro Europa Ricerche (CER) in Rome,
- Aleš Debeljak , Slovenian writer, poet and editor, visiting professor at the College of Europe
- Marcell von Donat , German economist and author, former head of cabinet of the German commissioner Peter Schmidhuber , visiting professor at the College of Europe from 1989 to 1991
- Manfred Fuchs , Austrian economist and political scientist, professor at the Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz , referee of the Academy of Management and editorial board member of the European Journal of International Management, visiting professor at the College of Europe from 1996 to 1997
- Bronisław Geremek , Chairholder of the Chair of European Civilization until his death
- Sylvie Goulard , MEP and former President of the European Movement France
- Sandro Gozi , Italian State Secretary for European Affairs since 2012, Visiting Professor at the College of Europe
- Sieglinde Gstöhl , Director of the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies at the College of Europe, former International Institutions Fellow at the Center for International Affairs at Harvard University
- Rudolf Hrbek , former professor of political science at the University of Tübingen
- Francis Geoffrey Jacobs , British lawyer, Advocate General at the Court of Justice of the European Communities from 1988 to 2006 , Director of the Center for European Law at King's College London , Visiting Professor at the College of Europe
- Michael Köhler , German scholar of Islam, currently Director for European Neighborhood Policy in the Directorate General for Development and Cooperation, EuropeAid , former Head of Cabinet at EU Commissioner Günther Oettinger , Chairman of the non-partisan European Union in Brussels, Visiting Professor at the College of Europe
- Juliane Kokott , visiting professor in the European Legal Studies Department of the College of Europe, advocate general at the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ), adjunct professor at the University of St. Gallen .
- Dominique Moïsi , co-founder of the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI), Pierre Keller Visiting Professor at Harvard University and Professor at the College of Europe in Natolin.
- Ignaz Seidl-Hohenveldern Austrian legal scholar, professor at Saarland University , University of Cologne and University of Vienna , visiting professor at the College of Europe from 1956 to 1974
- Alexander Stubb , Prime Minister of Finland
- Gilbert Trausch , Luxembourg historian, visiting professor at the College of Europe
- Roger François Philippe de Weck , Swiss journalist, currently Director General of the Swiss Radio and Television Corporation (SRG SSR), visiting professor at the College of Europe in Bruges and Natolin
- Wolfgang Wessels , Visiting Professor at the College of Europe, since 1994 holder of the Jean Monnet Chair at the Research Institute for Political Science and European Issues at the University of Cologne , recipient of the "Jean Monnet - European Studies GOLD Award" of the EU Commission
Rectors of the College of Europe
- Hendrik Brugmans (1906–1997) (1949–1971)
- Jerzy Łukaszewski (° 1924) (1972–1990)
- Werner Ungerer (° 1927) (1990–1993)
- Gabriel Fragnière (° 1934) (1993–1995)
- Otto von der Gablentz (1930-2007) (1996-2001)
- Piet Akkermans (1942-2002) (2001-2002)
- Robert Picht (1937–2008) (a. I. 2002–2003)
- Paul Demaret (2003 - September 2013)
- Jörg Monar (September 2013 - September 2020)
- Federica Mogherini (from September 2020)
- Karel Verleye: De stichting van het Europacollege te Brugge. Ryckevelde Foundation, 1989.
- The College of Europe. Fifty years of service to Europe. College of Europe publications, Brugge 1999, ISBN 90-804983-1-9 .
- Paul Demaret, Inge Govaere, Dominique Hanf (eds.): Dynamiques juridiques européennes. Edition revue et mise à jour de 30 ans d'études juridiques européennes au Collège d'Europe. (= College of Europe studies. No. 2). Peter Lang, Brussels 2007, ISBN 978-90-5201-067-0 .
- Official website (English / French)
- Network European Movement: Information on studying, applying and the German selection process in German
- Video today: Europe's management team (January 29, 2012) in the ZDFmediathek , accessed on January 29, 2012.
- Professional destination Bruges. In: TAZ . January 10, 2012.
- The last bastion. In: Der Spiegel . 17th October 2011
- Tinkering with the Europe of tomorrow ( Memento from January 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) TV report. In: West German Broadcasting . November 9, 2011.
- Buffalo for Brussels. In: Deutsche Welle . October 5, 2006.
- Pöttering opens the 2008 academic year .
- See Bruges - and study. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . September 12, 2009.
- goal Brussels. on: taz.de
- History. College of Europe, accessed March 27, 2012 .
- Chancellor Merkel opens 61st academic year at the College of Europe. (No longer available online.) European Movement Germany , November 3, 2010, archived from the original on November 19, 2010 ; Retrieved November 4, 2010 .
- Speech by President Xi Jinping at the College of Europe. Chinese Embassy Ireland, April 1, 2014, accessed July 2, 2014 .
- Which way will Nick Clegg turn? ( September 17, 2011 memento on WebCite ) In: The Sunday Times. April 25, 2010.
- The last bastion. In: Spiegel online. 17th October 2011.
- Kaderschmiede for Brussels. ( Memento from July 1, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- Opening ceremonies. ( Memento of May 25, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) at: coleurop.be
- Opening Ceremony, Bruges Campus | College of Europe. Retrieved November 22, 2019 .
- College of Europe Bruges in Bruegge, Belgium. ( Memento from February 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- See Bruges - and study. In: sueddeutsche.de. May 31, 2011, accessed March 17, 2018 .
- Study courses in Bruges. ( Memento from March 16, 2012 in the Internet Archive )