European Movement International
|European Movement International
|legal form||non-profit registered association|
|motto||Making Europe Move!|
|main emphasis||European politics, political communication, civil society|
|Action space||Council of Europe countries|
|people||Anna Widegren , Brando Benifei , Bernd Hüttemann , Nataša Owens , Federica Sabbati , Yves Bertoncini , Maria Heider , Petros Fassoulas|
|Members||36 international organizations, 39 national councils|
The European Movement International (English European Movement International ) is a Europe-wide association of organizations with the aim of promoting a united, federal Europe based on fundamental rights, peace, democracy, freedom, equality, solidarity and the participation of citizens is. It was founded in Brussels on October 25, 1948 and is now represented in 39 European countries.
The origins of the association went back to July 1947 on the initiative of Winston Churchill and Duncan Sandys (both retired at the time) and other French and British organizations who pursued the idea of a united Europe and organized a congress of the Committee for the Co- ordination of the European Movements in Paris.
After another meeting in the meantime, the five major European umbrella organizations, the Ligue Européenne de Coopération Economique (LECE), the Union européenne des Fédéralistes (UEF), the Mouvement Socialiste pour les États-Unis d'Europe (MSEUE), the United took part Europe Movement (UEM) and the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales (NEI). The European Parliamentarians Union (EPU), which was led by Count Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi , initially remained aloof.
The committee was named Joint International Committee for European Unity . At the Hague European Congress from 7 to 11 May 1948 in The Hague , which was chaired by over 700 delegates from all over Europe and observers from the USA and Canada, the decisive course for the establishment of the European movement was achieved. German participants were u. a. Konrad Adenauer and Eugen Kogon . Three resolutions were drawn up and passed at the congress: Politics, Economics and Social Affairs, and Culture. The delegates called for a “ European Consultative Assembly ”, a “European Special Council” to prepare for a European Political Union and a European Economic Community , a “ European Charter of Human Rights ” and a “ Court of Justice ”.
The association was founded on October 25, 1948 at the "European Congress" in Brussels . The “International Committee for the Coordination of Movements” invited the five major European associations. Leading active members of the Union parlementaire européenne (EPU) were also present at the congress . The congress took place under the joint honorary presidency of Winston Churchill , Léon Blum , Alcide de Gasperi and Paul-Henri Spaak . The five associations with the national sections should form the "substructure" of the movement. As an organization, the EPU did not want to join in with its other ideas. The congress was chaired by Duncan Sandys and Józef Hieronim Retinger . In order to exert an influence on the political personalities of the official politics of the governments, this union was ultimately to record a success in that the path to “preparation for European integration” could begin Time to be concretized, and national sections were established in each country . The German Council of the European Movement was founded on June 13, 1949 in Wiesbaden. In a subsequent congress in Brussels from 25. – 28. February 1949 took place, the proposals of the EB were specified and the establishment of the Council of Europe was prepared. At the EB Economic Conference from 19. – 25. April 1949 in Westminster , the European Economic Union was decided with a free currency convertibility and a free movement of people, capital and goods. Under the auspices of the EB, from 8. – 12. December 1949 a cultural conference was held in Lausanne and in July 1950 an EB conference for the guidelines of European social policy was held in Rome.
According to a British source, the "movement" was initially funded 50% through the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), which was controlled by the US Secret Service Office of Strategic Services (OSS).
|Eva Maydell||since 2017|
|José María Gil-Robles||1999-2005|
|Valery Giscard d'Estaing||1989-1997|
|Enrique Barón Crespo||1987-1989|
|Petros Fassoulas||since 2015|
|Pier Virgilio Dastoli||1995-2001|
|Luigi Vittorio Majocchi||1985-1987|
|Robert Van Schendel||1955-1980|
|Georges Rebatty (London Office)||1948-1955|
|Józef Retinger (office in Paris, since 11/1951 in Brussels)||1948-1950|
The flag of the European Movement (green, originally red E on a white background) was designed by Duncan Sandys. In the meantime, this symbol is only used by the European federalists (in Germany Europa-Union Deutschland ). The European movement uses a waving European flag.
In 1984, French President François Mitterrand and German Chancellor Helmut Kohl decided to relax border controls for vehicles with an inverse version of this flag in the vehicle's windshield. The symbol indicated that there were only EC citizens and no declarable goods in the vehicle.
Goals and Activities
The international organization European Movement is open to all political, economic, social and cultural movements in civil society . It strives for a united, federal Europe with respect for human rights , peace and the democratic principles of freedom , solidarity and citizen participation.
Structure and members
The European Movement currently has 39 national councils and 36 international member organizations.
Supporting members include the College of Europe , the EurActiv Foundation and the Kosovar Civil Society Foundation.
The approximately 40 national councils can in principle be founded in any country of the Council of Europe. Naturally, the councils differ considerably in terms of objectives, structure and form. In the early days, the top-down councils were founded by Dancan Sandys. In the early years, in keeping with the zeitgeist , dignitaries were addressed who also represented organizations. In Italy, Germany and Austria in particular, associations without individual members emerged (in Germany up to 50 public figures could become members by the beginning of the 21st century). In other countries organizations and individuals have been accepted from the start (for example in Spain, Denmark, France). In some countries only individual membership is possible ( Armenia , United Kingdom ).
The demarcation of members of the Union of European Federalists is sometimes difficult in individual countries. The UEF youth association JEF is z. B. in many cases at the national level youth association of the respective national councils of the European movement (as in France, United Kingdom, Denmark).
Eva Maydell has been President of the European Movement International since 2017 . She was first elected for a three-year term in November 2017. She is the first woman in this position.
They support six Vice-Presidents in their work.
|Surname||National Council / International Organization|
|Brando Benifei||European Social Democratic Party|
|Anna Widegren||European Youth Forum|
|Bernd Huettemann||European movement Germany|
|Nataša Owens||European Movement Croatia|
|Federica Sabbati||European Liberal, Democratic and Reform Party|
|Yves Bertoncini||European movement France|
The board is completed by 12 other members and a treasurer.
|Maja Bobić||European Movement Serbia|
|Maria Heider||Metro AG ( Treasurer )|
|Christine Bosse||European movement Denmark|
|Miguel Angel Benedicto||European movement Spain|
|Ela Taşkent||European Movement Turkey|
|Christof-Sebastian Klitz||European movement Germany|
|Luc Martens||Council of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe|
|Roselyne Lefrançois||European movement France|
|Claudia Muttin||European movement Italy|
|Pier Virgilio Dastoli||Center International de Formation Européenne|
|Valentin Dupouey||Young European Federalists|
|Valeria Ronzitti||European Center of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General Economic Interest|
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- European movement Germany
- European movement in Switzerland
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- Safe through intuition. In: DIE Zeit, No. 48/1984. November 23, 1984. Retrieved March 21, 2013 .
- European Movement International - Members
- Linen new EMI president. (No longer available online.) Saarländischer Rundfunk , November 26, 2011, formerly in the original ; Retrieved November 27, 2011 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The European Movement International elects new President and Board. Retrieved December 19, 2019 (American English).
- Who we are - The Board - europeanmovement.eu
- The Board | EMI. Retrieved December 19, 2019 .