European Social Democratic Party
|European Social Democratic Party|
|Party leader||Sergei Stanishev|
|Secretary General||Achim Post|
|founding||November 10, 1992|
|Place of foundation||The hague|
|Headquarters||rue Guimard, 10-12
|Youth organization||Young European Socialists (YES)|
|newspaper||The Progressive Post|
|Affiliate foundation||Foundation for European Progressive Studies|
|Alignment||Social democracy , progressivism|
|Government grants||€ 7,154,167 (2016, preliminary)|
The Social Democratic Party of Europe ( SPE ; English Party of European Socialists , PES ; French Parti socialiste européen , PSE ) is a European political party . It comprises 33 social democratic and socialist parties and workers' parties from across the European Union and Norway, as well as other associated parties from several other European countries and Turkey . In the European Parliament , 134 of the 751 MEPs belong to her . The Group of the PES, to which other parties belong, is called the Group of the Progressive Alliance of Social Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D) and has a total of 146 members.
Parties with observer status
|Egypt||Egyptian Social Democratic Party||ESDP|
|Latvia||Latvijas Sociāldemokrātiskā Strādnieku partija||LSDSP|
|Morocco||Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires||USFP|
|Moldova||Partidul Democrat din Moldova||PDM|
|San Marino||Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici||Psd|
|Tunisia||Democratic forum for work and freedom||Ettakatol|
|Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus||Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi||CTP|
In addition, the S&D group in the European Parliament includes members of other parties who are not involved in any European party or in one that has only a few members. Examples are the French left-wing liberal party Parti radical de gauche or the Greek party " To Potami ".
The beginnings of international cooperation between social democratic and socialist parties go back to the labor movement in the second half of the 19th century. The common membership in the Socialist International formed the basis for the social democratic and socialist parties in Western Europe for their cooperation within the framework of the emerging European integration.
In January 1957, social democratic parties of the member states of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) held a congress for the first time in Luxembourg and agreed to create a Liaison Bureau of the Socialist Parties of the European Community . At the 8th Congress in Brussels at the end of June 1971, the liaison office was renamed the Office of the Social Democratic Parties of the European Community .
At the meeting of the liaison office on April 5, 1974 in Luxembourg, the Association of Social Democratic Parties of the European Community, known in Germany, was founded as a European union of parties. However, the parties could not agree on a uniform name, which led to a different definition of the party association: federatie in the Netherlands, union in France, Bund in Germany, confederation in Great Britain, confederazione in Italy and samenslutingen in Denmark. A short time later, the seat of the party office was relocated from Luxembourg to Brussels . The first President of the Federation was the German Wilhelm Dröscher (SPD), assisted by the two deputies Sicco Mansholt (former President of the EC Commission) and Robert Pontillon (International Secretary of the French Socialists).
After the first direct elections to the European Parliament in June 1979, the member parties of the Federation made up the largest number of MPs and, with 113, were able to form the strongest parliamentary group compared to the 107 MPs of the EPP .
In the second elections to the European Parliament in June 1984, the parties united in the federal government were able to win more clearly than they did in 1979, and in the second legislative period they again formed the strongest grouping in parliament with 130 parliamentary group members compared to 110 in the EPP.
On the basis of the Maastricht Treaty establishing the European Union and the revised EC Treaty with Article 138a, which contains a standard on European parties, the Social Democratic Party of Europe (SPE) was founded at the Congress in The Hague on November 9 and 10, 1992 (in the national languages of some member parties under the name of the European Socialist Party ). Also in 1992 the socialist and social democratic youth organizations merged as European Young Socialists (ECOSY).
The European party association consists of 32 parties from all member states of the European Union as well as the Norwegian Arbeiderpartiet . The PES is represented by associated parties in Croatia, Macedonia, Switzerland and Turkey.
Former Danish Prime Minister and MEP Poul Nyrup Rasmussen was PES chairman from April 2004 to November 24, 2011 . His successor is the chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party, Sergei Stanischew , who initially held the office as interim president and was formally confirmed in office at the party congress in September 2012.
The PES forms its own political group in the European Parliament , which also includes a number of national parties that are not members of the PES. The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) has been the second largest group in Parliament with 184 seats since the 2009 European elections and the only one that has members from all 27 EU countries. The parliamentary group leader is the Austrian social democrat Hannes Swoboda .
The following list shows the Presidents of the PES (or, until November 1992, of the Federation of Social Democratic Parties of the EC).
|president||Country||National party||Term of office|
|1.||Wilhelm Dröscher||Germany||Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||April 1974||January 1979|
|2.||Robert Pontillon||France||Parti Socialiste (PS)||January 1979||March 1980|
|3.||Joop the Uyl||Netherlands||Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)||March 1980||May 1987|
|4th||Vítor Constâncio||Portugal||Partido Socialista (PS)||May 1987||January 1989|
|5.||Guy Spitaels||Belgium||Parti Socialiste (PS)||February 1989||May 1992|
|6th||Willy Claes||Belgium||Socialist Partij Anders (sp.a)||November 1992||October 1994|
|7th||Rudolf Scharping||Germany||Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||March 1995||May 2001|
|8th.||Robin Cook||United Kingdom||Labor Party||May 2001||April 24, 2004|
|9.||Poul Nyrup Rasmussen||Denmark||Social Democrats (S)||April 24, 2004||November 24, 2011|
|10.||Sergei Stanishev||Bulgaria||Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP)||November 24, 2011||-|
|Secretary General||Country||National party||Term of office|
|1.||Manfred Michel||Germany||Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||April 1974||July 1977|
|2.||Dick Toornstra||Netherlands||Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)||July 1977||November 1982|
|3.||Mauro Giallombardo||Italy||Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI)||November 1982||October 1989|
|4th||Axel Hanisch||Germany||Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||October 1989||November 1992|
|5.||Jean-François Vallin||France||Parti Socialiste (PS)||November 1992||September 1999|
|6th||Antony Beumer||Netherlands||Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA)||September 1999||June 2004|
|7th||Philip Cordery||France||Parti Socialiste (PS)||June 2004||September 2012|
|8th.||Achim Post||Germany||Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||September 2012||-|
The PES organizes a Europe-wide congress every two and a half years, once in the year of the European Parliament elections, and once at half-time.
PES members in European institutions
The PES currently (June 2019) has seven of the 28 members (heads of state and / or government) of the European Council :
- Portugal : António Costa (PS)
- Spain : Pedro Sánchez (PSOE)
- Slovakia : Peter Pellegrini (SMER)
- Malta : Joseph Muscat (MLP)
- Sweden : Stefan Löfven (S)
- Finland : Sanna Marin (SDP)
- Denmark : Mette Frederiksen (A)
The von der Leyen Commission, in office since December 1, 2019, consists of nine commissioners (one more than the Juncker Commission ) from PES member parties. Three of them are Vice-Presidents of the Commission, Timmermans is even Executive Vice-President.
|Commissioner||Department||Member state||national party|
|Frans Timmermans||"European Green Deal" , also Executive Vice-President of the Commission||Netherlands||PvdA|
|Josep Borrell||"Strengthening Europe in the World" ( High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy ), also Vice-President of the Commission||Spain||PSC|
|Maroš Šefčovič||Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight||Slovakia||SMER-SD|
|Jutta Urpilainen||International partnerships||Finland||SDP|
|Paolo Gentiloni||Economy and currency , taxes and customs union||Italy||PD|
|Nicolas Schmit||Employment and social rights||Luxembourg||LSAP|
|Elisa Ferreira||Cohesion and reforms||Portugal||PS|
On July 3, 2019, the Italian David Sassoli was elected by the PD with almost 52% to succeed his compatriot Antonio Tajani by the FI as President of the European Parliament . Three of his 14 deputies are also part of the S&D parliamentary group , which represents a total of 21% of the mandate.
- Party of European Socialists
- Statutes of the SPE (PDF; German)
- SPD MEPs
- SPÖ MEPs
- Andreas von Gehlen: European party democracy? Publication with a detailed examination of the history, organizational form and program of the SPE
- Björn Hacker, Gero Maaß: A basic program for the SPE: construction sites, similarities and key points from a German perspective . (PDF; 115 kB.) Friedrich Ebert Foundation, 2010
- Files of the EP Socialist Group in the EU's Historical Archives in Florence
- Map of the member parties. In: PES. PES, accessed February 5, 2019 .
- Advanced search. In: Member of the European Parliament. Retrieved February 5, 2019 .
- Slovak ruling party joins European Socialist ranks. In: Euractiv . December 10, 2009, accessed on December 8, 2018 (British English, membership was temporarily suspended in October 2006 as a result of the coalition of the SMER with the extreme right-wing SNS. In 2009, she was accepted as a full member again).
- New PES leader opposes a 'Europe of different speeds'. In: Euractiv . November 29, 2011, Retrieved February 7, 2019 (UK English).
- PES Statutes. (PDF; 363 kB) adopted by the 10th PES Congress on 12th June 2015. July 12, 2015, p. 10 , accessed on December 8, 2018 (British English, Chapter IV Article 23): “The Congress shall be held on a regular basis, twice during each parliamentary term of the European Parliament. "