European Social Democratic Party

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European Social Democratic Party
Logo in German
Sergei Stanishev (2009)
Party leader Sergei Stanishev
Secretary General Achim Post
founding November 10, 1992
Place of foundation The hague
Headquarters rue Guimard, 10-12
1040 Brussels
Youth organization Young European Socialists (YES)
newspaper The Progressive Post
Affiliate foundation Foundation for European Progressive Studies
Alignment Social democracy , progressivism
Colours) red
Parliament seats
Government grants € 7,154,167 (2016, preliminary)
EP Group S&D

The Social Democratic Party of Europe ( SPE ; English Party of European Socialists , PES ; French Parti socialiste européen , PSE ) is a European political party . It comprises 33 social democratic and socialist parties and workers' parties from across the European Union and Norway, as well as other associated parties from several other European countries and Turkey . In the European Parliament , 134 of the 751 MEPs belong to her . The Group of the PES, to which other parties belong, is called the Group of the Progressive Alliance of Social Democrats in the European Parliament (S&D) and has a total of 146 members.

Member parties

Full members

Country Political party abbreviation MEP National
BelgiumBelgium Belgium Parti Socialiste PS
Socialist Party Anders spa
BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija E.G
DenmarkDenmark Denmark Social democrats S.
GermanyGermany Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD
EstoniaEstonia Estonia Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond SDE
FinlandFinland Finland Suomen sosialidemokraattinen puolue SDP
FranceFrance France Parti socialist PS
GreeceGreece Greece Kinima Allagis KINAL
IrelandIreland Ireland Irish Labor Party LP
ItalyItaly Italy Partito Socialista Italiano PS
Partito Democratico PD
CroatiaCroatia Croatia Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske SDP
LatviaLatvia Latvia Sociāldemokrātiskā Partija "Saskaņa" SDPS
LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija LSDP
LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Lëtzebuerger Socialist Workers Party LSAP
MaltaMalta Malta Partit Laburista PL
NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Partij van de Arbeid PvdA
NorwayNorway Norway Workers' part Ap n / A
AustriaAustria Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ
PolandPoland Poland Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej SLD
Unia Pracy UP
PortugalPortugal Portugal Partido Socialista PS
RomaniaRomania Romania Partidul Social Democrat Psd
SwedenSweden Sweden Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti SAP
SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia SMER - sociálna demokracia SMER
SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia Socialni Demokratie SD
SpainSpain Spain Partido Socialista Obrero Español PSOE
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic Česká strana sociálně Demokratieická ČSSD
HungaryHungary Hungary Magyar Szocialista Párt MSZP
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Labor Party Labor n / A
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom ( Northern Ireland ) Northern IrelandNorthern Ireland  Social Democratic and Labor Party SDLP n / A
Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus Cyprus Kinima Sosialdimokraton EDEK
n / A Not an EU member state

Associated Parties

Country Political party abbreviation
AlbaniaAlbania Albania Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë PSS
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Socijaldemokratska partija Bosne i Hercegovine SDP
BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats PBS
IcelandIceland Iceland Samfylkingin Samfylking
North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia Socijaldemokratski Sojuz na Makedonija SDSM
MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro Demokratska Partija Socijalista Crne Gore DPS
Socijaldemokratska Partija Crne Gore SDP
SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP
SerbiaSerbia Serbia Demokratska Stranka DS
TurkeyTurkey Turkey Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi CHP
Halkların Democracy Partisi HDP

Parties with observer status

Country Political party abbreviation
EgyptEgypt Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP
AndorraAndorra Andorra Partit Socialdemòcrata PS
GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia Georgian dream KO
IsraelIsrael Israel Avoda
LatviaLatvia Latvia Latvijas Sociāldemokrātiskā Strādnieku partija LSDSP
MoroccoMorocco Morocco Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires USFP
Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova Partidul Democrat din Moldova PDM
Palastina autonomous areasPalestine Palestine Fatah
San MarinoSan Marino San Marino Partito dei Socialisti e dei Democratici Psd
TunisiaTunisia Tunisia Democratic forum for work and freedom Ettakatol
Northern CyprusTurkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Cumhuriyetçi Turk Partisi CTP

In addition, the S&D group in the European Parliament includes members of other parties who are not involved in any European party or in one that has only a few members. Examples are the French left-wing liberal party Parti radical de gauche or the Greek party " To Potami ".


The beginnings of international cooperation between social democratic and socialist parties go back to the labor movement in the second half of the 19th century. The common membership in the Socialist International formed the basis for the social democratic and socialist parties in Western Europe for their cooperation within the framework of the emerging European integration.

In January 1957, social democratic parties of the member states of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) held a congress for the first time in Luxembourg and agreed to create a Liaison Bureau of the Socialist Parties of the European Community . At the 8th Congress in Brussels at the end of June 1971, the liaison office was renamed the Office of the Social Democratic Parties of the European Community .

At the meeting of the liaison office on April 5, 1974 in Luxembourg, the Association of Social Democratic Parties of the European Community, known in Germany, was founded as a European union of parties. However, the parties could not agree on a uniform name, which led to a different definition of the party association: federatie in the Netherlands, union in France, Bund in Germany, confederation in Great Britain, confederazione in Italy and samenslutingen in Denmark. A short time later, the seat of the party office was relocated from Luxembourg to Brussels . The first President of the Federation was the German Wilhelm Dröscher (SPD), assisted by the two deputies Sicco Mansholt (former President of the EC Commission) and Robert Pontillon (International Secretary of the French Socialists).

After the first direct elections to the European Parliament in June 1979, the member parties of the Federation made up the largest number of MPs and, with 113, were able to form the strongest parliamentary group compared to the 107 MPs of the EPP .

In the second elections to the European Parliament in June 1984, the parties united in the federal government were able to win more clearly than they did in 1979, and in the second legislative period they again formed the strongest grouping in parliament with 130 parliamentary group members compared to 110 in the EPP.

On the basis of the Maastricht Treaty establishing the European Union and the revised EC Treaty with Article 138a, which contains a standard on European parties, the Social Democratic Party of Europe (SPE) was founded at the Congress in The Hague on November 9 and 10, 1992 (in the national languages ​​of some member parties under the name of the European Socialist Party ). Also in 1992 the socialist and social democratic youth organizations merged as European Young Socialists (ECOSY).

The European party association consists of 32 parties from all member states of the European Union as well as the Norwegian Arbeiderpartiet . The PES is represented by associated parties in Croatia, Macedonia, Switzerland and Turkey.

Former Danish Prime Minister and MEP Poul Nyrup Rasmussen was PES chairman from April 2004 to November 24, 2011 . His successor is the chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party, Sergei Stanischew , who initially held the office as interim president and was formally confirmed in office at the party congress in September 2012.

The PES forms its own political group in the European Parliament , which also includes a number of national parties that are not members of the PES. The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) has been the second largest group in Parliament with 184 seats since the 2009 European elections and the only one that has members from all 27 EU countries. The parliamentary group leader is the Austrian social democrat Hannes Swoboda .

Party leader

Sergei Stanischew Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Robin Cook (Politiker) Rudolf Scharping Willy Claes Guy Spitaels Vítor Constâncio Joop den Uyl Robert Pontillon Wilhelm Dröscher

The following list shows the Presidents of the PES (or, until November 1992, of the Federation of Social Democratic Parties of the EC).

president Country National party Term of office
1. Wilhelm Dröscher GermanyGermany Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) April 1974 January 1979
2. Robert Pontillon FranceFrance France Parti Socialiste (PS) January 1979 March 1980
3. Joop the Uyl NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA) March 1980 May 1987
4th Vítor Constâncio PortugalPortugal Portugal Partido Socialista (PS) May 1987 January 1989
5. Guy Spitaels BelgiumBelgium Belgium Parti Socialiste (PS) February 1989 May 1992
6th Willy Claes BelgiumBelgium Belgium Socialist Partij Anders (sp.a) November 1992 October 1994
7th Rudolf Scharping GermanyGermany Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) March 1995 May 2001
8th. Robin Cook United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Labor Party May 2001 April 24, 2004
9. Poul Nyrup Rasmussen DenmarkDenmark Denmark Social Democrats (S) April 24, 2004 November 24, 2011
10. Sergei Stanishev BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) November 24, 2011 -

General Secretaries

Secretary General Country National party Term of office
1. Manfred Michel GermanyGermany Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) April 1974 July 1977
2. Dick Toornstra NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA) July 1977 November 1982
3. Mauro Giallombardo ItalyItaly Italy Partito Socialista Italiano (PSI) November 1982 October 1989
4th Axel Hanisch GermanyGermany Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) October 1989 November 1992
5. Jean-François Vallin FranceFrance France Parti Socialiste (PS) November 1992 September 1999
6th Antony Beumer NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Partij van de Arbeid (PvdA) September 1999 June 2004
7th Philip Cordery FranceFrance France Parti Socialiste (PS) June 2004 September 2012
8th. Achim Post GermanyGermany Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) September 2012 -

Party congress

The PES organizes a Europe-wide congress every two and a half years, once in the year of the European Parliament elections, and once at half-time.

PES members in European institutions

European Council

Countries with PES Council members are marked in red

The PES currently (June 2019) has seven of the 28 members (heads of state and / or government) of the European Council :

European Commission

The von der Leyen Commission, in office since December 1, 2019, consists of nine commissioners (one more than the Juncker Commission ) from PES member parties. Three of them are Vice-Presidents of the Commission, Timmermans is even Executive Vice-President.

Commissioner Department Member state national party
Frans Timmermans "European Green Deal" , also Executive Vice-President of the Commission NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands PvdA
Josep Borrell "Strengthening Europe in the World" ( High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy ), also Vice-President of the Commission SpainSpain Spain PSC
Maroš Šefčovič Interinstitutional Relations and Foresight SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia SMER-SD
Jutta Urpilainen International partnerships FinlandFinland Finland SDP
Paolo Gentiloni Economy and currency , taxes and customs union ItalyItaly Italy PD
Helena Dalli equality MaltaMalta Malta MLP
Nicolas Schmit Employment and social rights LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg LSAP
Elisa Ferreira Cohesion and reforms PortugalPortugal Portugal PS
Ylva Johansson Interior SwedenSweden Sweden SAP

European Parliament

On July 3, 2019, the Italian David Sassoli was elected by the PD with almost 52% to succeed his compatriot Antonio Tajani by the FI as President of the European Parliament . Three of his 14 deputies are also part of the S&D parliamentary group , which represents a total of 21% of the mandate.


The PES is a member of the European Movement International and the Socialist International .

Web links

Individual evidence

  2. a b c Map of the member parties. In: PES. PES, accessed February 5, 2019 .
  3. Advanced search. In: Member of the European Parliament. Retrieved February 5, 2019 .
  4. ^ Slovak ruling party joins European Socialist ranks. In: Euractiv . December 10, 2009, accessed on December 8, 2018 (British English, membership was temporarily suspended in October 2006 as a result of the coalition of the SMER with the extreme right-wing SNS. In 2009, she was accepted as a full member again).
  5. ^ New PES leader opposes a 'Europe of different speeds'. In: Euractiv . November 29, 2011, Retrieved February 7, 2019 (UK English).
  6. ^ PES Statutes. (PDF; 363 kB) adopted by the 10th PES Congress on 12th June 2015. July 12, 2015, p. 10 , accessed on December 8, 2018 (British English, Chapter IV Article 23): “The Congress shall be held on a regular basis, twice during each parliamentary term of the European Parliament. "