European Democratic Party
|European Democratic Party|
|Party leader||François Bayrou|
|Secretary General||Marielle de Sarnez|
|vice-chairman||Ulrike Müller , Andoni Ortuzar , Victor Ponta|
|founding||December 9, 2004|
|Place of foundation||Brussels|
|Headquarters||Rue de l'Industrie 4
1000 Brussels, Belgium
|Youth organization||Young European Democrats|
|Affiliate foundation||Institute of European Democrats|
|Alignment||Centrism , liberalism|
|Colours)||orange and blue|
|Government grants||588,200 € (2016, preliminary)|
|EP Group||8 Renew Europe
The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a European political party founded on April 16, 2004 in Brussels . She takes centrist positions and defends deepening European integration. Some member parties also take liberal positions.
The foundation of the EDP was largely initiated by the French Union pour la démocratie française (UDF) under François Bayrou and the Italian La Margherita under Romano Prodi and Francesco Rutelli . Both had previously belonged to the Christian Democratic European People's Party (EPP) (their predecessors CDS and Democrazia Cristiana were even its founding members), but had since become estranged from it and now claimed that by joining more conservative parties they were moving too far to the right opened and moved away from European federalism . The EDP, on the other hand, positioned itself to be extremely pro-European and socio-politically progressive. In addition to disappointed Christian Democrats, the founding parties also included secular federalists.
Cooperation with the ELDR
Even before the formal establishment of the EDP, on July 13, 2004 the member parties together with the European Liberal, Democratic and Reform Party (ELDR) founded the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) in the European Parliament . In 2004-09, the EDP had 29 out of 101 MEPs in this group.
The UDF disbanded in 2007, and François Bayrou's new party, Mouvement démocrate (MoDem), became a member of the EDP. At about the same time, La Margherita was absorbed into the Partito Democratico (PD). After the European elections in 2009, he joined the social democratic group , only four members of the PD remained active in the EDP. After the European elections in 2009, this represented 13 MPs (nine in the ALDE parliamentary group). The ELDR took over the name of the parliamentary group in 2012 and has since been referred to as the ALDE party in contrast to the ALDE parliamentary group.
After the 2014 European elections , the EDP had twelve members.
The EDP has both parties and individuals as members.
|France||Mouvement démocrate (MoDem)||founding|
|Italy||Partito Democratico Europeo Italia (PDE Italia)||-||
|Croatia||Narodna stranka - Reformisti||-||2016|
|Portugal||Partido Democrático Republicano (PDR)||-||-||2015|
|Romania||Asociația Italienilor din România (RO.AS.IT)||-||2014|
|Pro România||June 11, 2019|
|San Marino||Repubblica Futura||not a member of the EU||2006|
|Slovakia||Europska Demokratieicka Strana (EDS)||-||-|
|Spain Basque Country||Eusko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco (EAJ / PNV)||founding|
|Spain Canary Islands||Coalición Canaria||-||2016|
|Spain Galicia||Compromiso por Galicia||-||-||29th November 2019|
|Czech Republic||Senator 21||-||
|Hungary||Új Kezdet||-||February 2019|
- Yellow: Members of the Renew Europe Group (8)
- Red: Members of the Group of the Progressive Alliance of Social Democrats in the European Parliament (1)
|Cyprus||Platforma Politon||-||-||February 2019|
|France||Catherine Chabaud||Mouvement democrate|
- Italy : La Margherita ( absorbed into the Partito Democratico on October 14, 2007 )
- Italy : Alleanza per l'Italia , ApI, during its existence 2009–2016, successor party: PDE
- Italy : Mario Pirillo , Silvia Costa , Vittorio Prodi ; all Partito Democratico , MEP (left early 2014)
- Italy : Gianluca Susta (Senator, SC , PD from 2015 , joined PDE Italia in 2017)
- Lithuania : Darbo Partija (joined ELDR in May 2012)
- Czech Republic : Cesta změny (since 2004, dissolved on May 3, 2009)
- Czech Republic : Strana pro otevřenou společnost
- Romania : Mircea Grosaru , Asociaţia Italienilor din România (died February 3, 2014)
- Slovakia : Ľudová strana - Hnutie za Demokratické Slovensko (dissolved in January 2014 and re-established as SDS), Strana Demokratického Slovenska (SDS)
- Slovakia : Igor Hraško ( OĽaNO )
- Slovakia : Národná koalícia (NK) (member 2018, suspended in early 2019)
- Cyprus : Evropaiko comma
- Croatia : Nacionalni forum , joined in 2014, dissolved in 2015
- France : Union des démocrates et indépendants , UDI, 2014 to 2016, member of the ALDE party since December 2016
- Website of the Alliance of Democrats ( Memento of the original from May 16, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- David Judge, David Earnshaw: The European Parliament. 2nd edition, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke (Hampshire) / New York 2008, p. 128.
- David Hanley: Beyond the Nation State. Parties in the Era of European Integration. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke (Hampshire) 2008, p. 121.
- European Democratic Party - Members parties - EDP - European Democratic Party. Retrieved September 29, 2016 .
- European Democratic Party - Individual members - EDP - European Democratic Party. Retrieved September 29, 2016 .