Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
|Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë|
|Party presidency||Edi Rama|
|Secretary General||Taulant Balla|
|founding||June 13, 1991|
|Place of foundation||Tirana|
|Youth organization||Forumi i Rinisë Eurosocialiste të Shqipërisë (FRESSH)|
|newspaper||Zëri i Popullit|
|Party-affiliated foundation||Fondacioni Qemal Stafa|
|Political ideology||Social democracy|
|Government grants||112,453,784 ALL (as of 2017)|
|Number of members||94,434 (as of 2016)|
|International connections||Socialist International|
|European party||Party of European Socialists (associated)|
The Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë , Albanian for Socialist Party of Albania (acronym: PSSh , or Partia Socialiste for short - acronym PS ) is one of the two major parties that shape the political system of Albania . The party chairman has been Edi Rama since October 2005 .
It is the successor organization to the Labor Party of Albania , the Marxist-Leninist Party, which ruled the country from 1944 until the fall of the communist system in 1990. In the parliament elected in 2017 , the Partia Socialiste has 74 of the 140 MPs and thus an absolute majority.
The Partia Socialiste is a center-left political party and describes itself as social democratic . According to its statute, freedom, social justice, equal opportunities and solidarity are fundamental components of party politics. The PS also supports the development of a constitutional, democratic and social Albania.
Party program 2013–2017
On the occasion of their party congress on November 5, 2011, the PS delegates decided on their future party program, on which the party intends to base its further policy in the country. With the title Për Një Rilindje Shqiptare (For An Albanian Rebirth) , the program consists of four parts, which are further divided into chapters: 1. Rimëkëmbje e Ekonomisë (economic recovery) , 2. Ripërtëritje e Shoqërisë (renewal of society ) , 3. Rivendosje e Demokracisë (restoration of democracy) and 4. Ribashkim me Europën (reunification with Europe) .
The executive committee (Albanian Kryesia ) meets at least once a month and is an important party organ. It consists of the following 16 members:
The party secretariat is responsible for various areas of the PS. It has eight secretaries, some of whom are assigned certain departments:
The Eurosocialist Youth Forum of Albania and the Forum of the Socialist Woman of Albania have been separate political organizations since November 2011 and are therefore no longer part of the party, but they are associated with it and have converged.
The Partia Socialiste is the direct successor of the Labor Party of Albania (PdAA), which has ruled the country under its party leader Enver Hoxha for decades since the Second World War . During its 10th Party Congress between June 11 and 13, 1991, the party renamed itself and committed itself to social democracy and pluralistic elections. Since then, it has shaped everyday political life as one of the two major parties in the country.
Formations of governments and internal party disputes
After the fall of the communist state system, the new party was in government in 1991/92 after the parliamentary elections in 1991 . Afterwards in the opposition, she returned to the government of national reconciliation in 1997 . From 1997 to summer 2005, several socialist governments took turns - due to internal party conflicts, new majorities between reformers and the old forces formed again and again. Formative figures were the former party leader Fatos Nano and his successor Edi Rama , President Rexhep Meidani (1997-2002) and the Prime Ministers Bashkim Fino (1997), Pandeli Majko (1998-99, 2002) and Ilir Meta (1999-2002).
Because of internal party disputes, there were repeated splits. Most recently, Ilir Meta resigned from the party in 2004 and founded the Socialist Movement for Integration , which has been working with the PS again since 2013 and forming the Rama cabinet .
In the opposition
In 2005 there was a change of government: the Socialists were defeated by the Democrats in the parliamentary elections. From now on, the government was led by the Democratic Party and its allies (from 2005 the Albanian Republican Party and from 2009 also the Socialist Movement for Integration). Meanwhile, Edi Rama was elected as the new leader of the Socialist Party, replacing Fatos Nano.
In 2009 the government was re-elected. For a long time the socialists did not accept the election result, boycotted parliament and called for new elections. At the same time, this led to a political crisis . Some party members went on hunger strike for a few days in May 2010 and on January 21, 2011 the socialists called for a large demonstration in the capital. The protesters approached the government building and tried to storm it. During the defense of the area by the Garda e Republikës (Republican Guard) , four demonstrators died.
The party chairman Edi Rama suffered a major defeat in the 2011 local elections : he lost his mayor's post in Tirana to his rival from the Democratic Party, Lulzim Basha , in a veritable “vote counting odyssey” . The socialists also accused the government of fraudulent elections in these elections. The defeat worsened the political crisis.
The political crisis that had persisted in the country since summer 2009 was formally ended at the end of 2011 when Democrats and Socialists agreed on an electoral reform that ended in May 2012. The Albanian institutions were supported by international organizations.
In the 2012 presidential election , the PS called for a candidate supported by both political camps and not a party candidate. However, this was not taken into account by the ruling Democrats and the PD's candidate, Bujar Nishani , was eventually elected president by parliament.
Election victories in 2013 and 2017
With the election slogan “Rilindje” , meaning rebirth, the socialists went into the election campaign in spring and summer 2013. According to their own statements, the goal was against the “corrupt” and “rule of law” government of Sali Berisha in the parliamentary elections on June 23rd to win and initiate a "rebirth of the country". With the four keywords Rimëkëmbje e Ekonomisë (recovery of the economy) , Ripërtëritje e Shoqërisë (renewal of society) , Rivendosje e Demokracisë (restoration of democracy) and Ribashkim me Europën (reunification with Europe) the drum was raised during the election campaign, but that The result was more than satisfactory for the socialists. The PS got 65 of the 140 seats in parliament, while the Democrats got 50 seats. With the coalition partners, above all with the LSI, the governing coalition achieved a majority in parliament with 84 seats. Party leader Edi Rama became prime minister and in his first cabinet the LSI headed five of 19 ministries. A novelty for Albania was also that six ministries are headed by women, which so far was the largest proportion of women in an Albanian government cabinet.
In the 2017 parliamentary elections , the PS achieved an even bigger victory than in 2013, gaining 48.5% of the vote. For the legislative period 2017–2021, it will thus provide the majority in Albania's parliament.
houses of Parliament
Since its (re) establishment in 1991, the PS has always been represented in parliament as one of the two formative political forces in Albania . So far, it has won parliamentary elections three times, in 1997, 2001 and 2013, and then formed a government. In the 1996 elections, all parties were the victims of election rigging by the Democrats. According to these results, the PD could have won 122 out of 140 seats. In 2005 the socialists lost and were in the opposition until 2013. In 2009 the Socialists won 65 of the 140 seats, making them a strong opposition. Compared to 2005, they were able to increase the number of seats by 23, among other things through a blocking clause for small parties passed by socialists and democrats, which as a result favored the PS and PD. However, the Democrats were again accused of election fraud, despite international organizations and election observers judging the parliamentary elections as proper and fair.
In the parliamentary elections in 2013 , the Partia Socialiste gained a relative majority in parliament and is once again the leading ruling party with Edi Rama as prime minister.
|1992||38 of 140||0|
|1996||10 of 140||28|
|1997||101 of 155||91|
|2001||73 of 100||28|
|2005||42 out of 100||31|
|2009||65 of 140||23|
|2013||65 of 140||0|
|2017||74 of 140||9|
|2021||74 of 140||0|
President of the state with party membership in the PS
The following politician was a member of the PS as president .
July 24, 1997 to
July 24, 2002
Prime ministers with party membership in the PS
The following politicians were members of the PS as Prime Minister .
Bashkim Fino from March 11, 1997 to July 24, 1997
July 24, 1997 to
October 2, 1998 and
July 31, 2002 to
September 11, 2005
October 2, 1998 to
October 29, 1999 and
February 22, 2002 to
July 31, 2002
October 29, 1999 to
February 22, 2002
since September 10, 2013
- Afrim Krasniqi: Political Parties in Albania 1920-2006. Tirana 2006.
- RuCl jep dorëheqjen si secretary i Asamblesë Së PS, e zëvendëson Taulant Balla. In: Top Channel . October 7, 2017, accessed on October 7, 2017 (Albanian): "Ndërkohë, tashmë do të jetë Taulant Balla që do të marrë detyrën e Secretarit të Asamblesë së PS."
- Mblidhet kryesia e PS-së. In: Abcnews.al. May 18, 2016, archived from the original on October 8, 2017 ; accessed on October 7, 2017 (Albanian): "Zëdhënësja e kryesisë, Elisa Spiropali ..."
- Esiona Konomi: PS rritet me 20 mijë anëtarë por s'arrin objektivin 150 mijë. In: Shqiptarja.com. March 8, 2016, accessed on October 7, 2017 (Albanian): "Sipas Regjistrit Kombëtar të anëtarësisë së partisë, Partia Socialiste në fund të muajit shkurt numëron 94,434 anëtarë, të cilët kanë plotësuar dokumentin përkatës t Socialiste partizëatë.
- Wolfram Nordsieck: Parties and Elections in Europe - Albania. In: Parties-and-elections.eu. 2017, accessed October 7, 2017 .
- Libri - Si e ndryshoi Rama ngjyrën e partisë nga trëndafil në vjollcë? In: Panorama . November 9, 2015, accessed October 7, 2017 (Albanian).
- Zgjedhjet, KQZ ndan sot fondin për partitë politike. In: Koha Jonë . January 24, 2017, Retrieved October 7, 2017 (Albanian).
- Statute of the PS. In: Official website of the PS. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014 ; Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian, PDF file, 284 kB).
- Party program of the PS. In: Official website of the PS. Archived from the original on May 11, 2014 ; Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian).
- PS organizational structure. In: Official website of the PS. Archived from the original on May 5, 2014 ; Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian).
- Raporti kombëtar periodik fillestar dhe i parë - Konventa për eliminimin e të gjitha formave të discriminimit kundër gruas. (PDF file; 457 kB) In: (former) Ministry for Labor, Social Issues and Equal Opportunities. Archived from the original on March 15, 2014 ; Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian).
- FRESSH dhe FGSH jo më brenda PS-së. In: Shqip . November 2, 2011, archived from the original on July 14, 2012 ; Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian).
- Besar Likmeta: Key Political Parties in Albania. In: Balkan Insight . September 27, 2010, accessed April 30, 2014 .
- Official homepage of the Socialist Movement for Integration (LSI). Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian).
- ALBANIA Parliamentary Chamber: Kuvendi Popullor ELECTIONS HELD IN 2005. Accessed on May 18, 2012 (English).
- Hesitant change in the Socialist Party: The Congress of the Socialist Party elected Tirana's Mayor Edi Rama to succeed Fatos Nano as party leader. In: Newsletter “albanien.ch”. October 10, 2005, accessed April 30, 2014 .
- Willibold Frehner: Parliamentary elections 2009 in Albania. In: Konrad Adenauer Foundation . July 6, 2009, accessed April 30, 2014 .
- Nertila Mosso: Quarterly Report Albania IV / 2011th (PDF file; 572 kB) In: Hanns Seidel Foundation . December 10, 2011, accessed April 30, 2014 .
- Rama: Berisha po bën shurdhin. In: Top Channel . May 17, 2012, Retrieved April 30, 2014 (Albanian).
- ALBANIA Parliamentary Chamber: Kuvendi Popullor ELECTIONS HELD IN 1996. Accessed on May 18, 2012 (English).
- Albania: Edi Rama celebrates election victory. In: TRT German. July 12, 2013, accessed April 30, 2014 .
- Albania Parliamentary Chamber: Kuvendi Popullor Elections held in 1992. Accessed April 30, 2014 (English).
- ALBANIA Parliamentary Chamber: Kuvendi Popullor ELECTIONS HELD IN 1997. Accessed on May 18, 2012 (English).
- ALBANIA Parliamentary Chamber: Kuvendi Popullor ELECTIONS HELD IN 2001. Accessed on May 18, 2012 (English).