Administrative science

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Management Science is an interdisciplinary state- and political science specialist, whose central object of investigation the public administration (including both macro and micro level) is. The focus of the research interests are the possibilities of political control, as they represent in the mutually dependent actions of state institutions . Furthermore, an attempt is made to obtain a more holistic perspective of the political system and process .

Research items

A special study interest is the function of the input definition authorities ( federal government , states and municipalities ), other corporations , institutions and foundations of public law , but also the levels of the European Union to and other international organizations. On the one hand, administrative science tries to grasp the existing conditions and draws on sociological ( administrative and organizational sociology ), organizational psychological as well as legal and political science approaches. On the other hand, it tries to gain insights into how it can still perform its tasks as efficiently and effectively as possible despite the increasing complexity and dynamics of development . To do this, she also takes up economic approaches (especially management theory) that initially emerged in public administration. The concentration on neo-institutionalist and organizational theory approaches in the so-called Scandinavian School , whose representatives (including Johan P. Olsen , Christensen, James G. March , Herbert A. Simon , but partly also Fritz Scharpf and Hans-Ulrich Derlien ) largely come from or work in Scandinavian countries . Of great importance is the self-image as a practical, but theory-based, scientific discipline within political science. This teaching and research direction is from the Anglo-Saxon mainstream (quantitative-positivist policy research ) and from the movement of modern governance research .

An example of a large-scale project prepared in terms of administrative science is the regional reform between 1967 and 1978, which aimed to unify planning and administrative space. A recurring administrative science topic is also the need for intermediate authorities, especially regional councils . In Rhineland-Palatinate , for example, they were dissolved with effect from January 1, 2000; in Saxony-Anhalt with effect from January 1, 2004 and in Lower Saxony with effect from January 1, 2005. Finally, the restructuring of the federal states is also an administrative science topic.

In addition to administrative reforms will particularly under the heading of new public management , the introduction of instruments for a more rational pursuit of political objectives, under the conditions of scarce public resources through appropriate management tools, but also reviews of the feed stock and cooperation with other social actors ( "co-production" of public services) discussed, but also criticized as “managerialism”. The government and administrative reform project group , which was active between 1968 and 1975, contributed significantly to the establishment of administrative science in Germany .


University courses

The Universities of Potsdam , Konstanz and Zeppelin Universität Friedrichshafen offer a Bachelor / Master degree in “Politics and Public Administration” . The University of Potsdam also offers the Bachelor's degree in "Politics, Administration and Organization". A bachelor's degree is also possible at the Fernuniversität Hagen . At the Otto-Friedrich-Universität Bamberg there are political science courses with administrative content until September 2013. In the case of a consecutive Master’s degree, administrative science can be chosen as a designated focus of study in Bamberg. In cooperation with the University of Twente, the University of Münster also offers a double bachelor's degree in “Public Administration”. The doctoral program that is possible after a successful master’s course is completed with a doctorate in social science (Dr. rer. Soc.).

There is also the option of obtaining a master’s degree in administrative science such as “Master of Public Policy and Management ”, “ Master of Public Administration ”, “Master in Politics & Public Management” and “Master of Public Policy ” in the form of a full or postgraduate course to acquire. These programs are offered in Germany at the Universities of Kassel ( MPA ), Potsdam (MA Public Policy and Management / Administrative Sciences , MA German-Russian Administrative Sciences , MEGA Master of European Governance and Administration), the Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen and in Austria at the WWEDU .

The post-university German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer also offers courses in administrative sciences: the one-semester postgraduate administrative science supplementary course for trainee lawyers , the one-year postgraduate postgraduate course for the Magister in Administrative Sciences and, since 2012, the two master's courses in Public Administration (initially Administrative Sciences and Public Economics and part-time) for at least Bachelor graduates and for a fee, the Master's Science Management and the Doctor of Administrative Sciences (Dr. rer. publ.).

There is also the possibility of completing a degree in administration as part of an officer career at the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Munich in the "Political and Social Sciences" course. The University of Hamburg offers a specialization module in Public Management as part of the Bachelor's degree in Social Economics .

The Hertie School of Governance offers internationally oriented courses with the Master of Public Policy and the Executive Master of Public Administration program, which leads to the MPA degree. In addition, the University of Potsdam offers the internationally oriented, English-language Master of Public Management (MPM) with its three streams Public Policy and Administration (PPA), Global Public Policy (GPP) and GeoGovernance (GG).

University of applied sciences courses

In Germany, as part of civil servant training, you can study administrative sciences at universities of applied sciences that are maintained by the federal states and the federal government. The course has so far led to the degree " Diplom-Verwaltungswirt (FH) " in some cases also to the diploma " Diplom-Verwaltungsbetriebswirt (FH) " and Diplom-Verwaltungsinformatiker (FH), but will be switched to Bachelor and Master degrees during the Bologna process (not in all federal states). However, it is also possible to study the courses “Public Administration”, “Administrative Economics”, “European Administrative Management” and “Administrative Management / eGovernment” at the Harz University of Applied Sciences, which is not run by the federal government or the state.

University of applied sciences courses in the federal states
Federal universities of applied sciences

Focus on Europe

The international course European Studies deals with a. with the administration at European level. A bachelor's degree in “European Administrative Management” is offered, for example, at the Harz University in Halberstadt. A double bachelor's degree in “Public Administration” with a major “European Studies” has been offered since 2001 at the Westphalian Wilhelms University of Münster, the University of Maastricht and the University of Twente in Enschede. The University of Potsdam offers the “Master of European Governance and Administration” / “Master Européen de Gouvernance et d'Administration” (MEGA) as a German-French government program as well as a German-Russian Master of Arts in Public Administration for which they work with the faculty of the humanities and social sciences of the Russian University of Friendship of Peoples Moscow cooperates.

The master's distance learning course "European Administrative Management" focuses on institutions, law and administration of the EU and the administrations in other European countries and is offered by the Berlin School of Economics and Law in cooperation with the Technical University of Wildau in Berlin and at the two regional study centers in Brühl (in cooperation with the Federal University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration Brühl ) and Saarbrücken (in cooperation with the Saarland University of Applied Sciences ).

In the Netherlands, the courses in administrative science and an administration-oriented course in European Studies are offered at the Universities of Twente and Maastricht , and various European-oriented master’s courses at the universities of Hamburg and Bonn.

Research institutions


In the Federal Republic of Germany, the German University for Administrative Sciences Speyer and the German Research Institute for Public Administration (FÖV) have traditionally been the center of administrative research, but this has been put into perspective in the last few decades.

The Potsdam Center for Politics and Management (PCPM) of the University of Potsdam is a center affiliated to the Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, which ensures a national and international transfer of knowledge through research and consulting projects as well as scientific further education offers. The University of Potsdam also has the Institute for Local Science , which is used for research, teaching and advanced training in the fields of law, social and economic science. These institutes are supplemented by the Potsdam eGovernment Competence Center (IfG.CC), which, as an association of various organizations, researches, trains and advises on e-government and other applications of information technology in the public sector .

The local community center for administrative management (KGSt) researches and provides application-oriented advice on local government .

The state of North Rhine-Westphalia maintains the Institute for Local and Administrative Sciences NW in Düsseldorf and the Institute for Administrative Sciences in Gelsenkirchen as research-related affiliated institutes at its large university for police and public administration in North Rhine-Westphalia .


The FH Campus Wien has been offering a bachelor's and master's degree in public management since 2009. In Austria in 1969, on the initiative of the Austrian Association of Cities, the City of Vienna and the Central Savings Bank of the City of Vienna founded the association “Municipal Science Documentation Center” which has been conducting applied research, consulting and further training since 1999 under the new name KDZ - Center for Administrative Research.

Important German administrative scientists

A survey of over 400 administrative scientists in 2016 determined the following ranking list of the most influential German administrative scientists:

  1. Werner Jann
  2. Hans Herbert von Arnim
  3. Jörg Bogumil
  4. Nathalie Behnke
  5. Sabine Kuhlmann
  6. Hellmut Wollmann
  7. Michael W. Bauer
  8. Gunnar Folke Schuppert
  9. Christoph Knill
  10. Dietrich Budäus
  11. Arthur Benz
  12. Kai Wegrich
  13. Hermann Hill
  14. Hans-Peter Bull
  15. Fritz W. Scharpf
  16. Gerhard Hammerschmid
  17. Jan Ziekow
  18. Utz Schliessky
  19. Renate Mayntz
  20. Isabella Proeller
  21. Wolfgang Seibel
  22. Jörn von Lucke
  23. Klaus Koenig
  24. Nicolai can
  25. Gisela Färber
  26. Karl-Peter Sommermann
  27. Christoph Reichard
  28. Ulrich Stelkens
  29. Lars Holtkamp
  30. Sabine Kropp
  31. Marian Döhler
  32. Hartmut Maurer
  33. Klaus H. Goetz
  34. Eckhard Schröter

Other important administrative scientists:



  • Edda Müller: organizational structure and fulfillment of tasks. Comments on the ministerial organization. , in: DÖV 1986, pp. 10-15.
  • Klaus König: Administrative Science in International Development , in: VerwArch 94 (2003), pp. 267–294.
  • Arthur Benz : Status and Perspectives of Political Science Administrative Research , in: Die Verwaltung 36 (2003), pp. 361–388.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. cf. Peter Drucker: Online administrative dictionary. Retrieved from Krems
  2. Werner Jann: The Scandinavian School of Administrative Science. In: Jörg Bogumil, Werner Jann & Frank Nullmeier (Ed.): Politics and Administration. PVS 37/2006.
  3. PAIR | Politics, Public Administration and International Relations. Retrieved March 7, 2017 .
  4. Master PAIR | Politics, Public Administration and International Relations. Retrieved March 7, 2017 .
  8. )
  12. ^ "The Master for Federal Administration", locations in Brühl and Berlin. Federal University for Public Administration, accessed on May 17, 2017 .
  13. a b Michael W. Bauer, Stefan Becker: Administrative Science in Germany: Relevance and Reputation Attributions in the Judgment of the Specialists . In: Working Paper of the Chair of Comparative Public Administration and Policy Analysis . No. 11 . Speyer 2017 ( [PDF]).
  14. Courses offered by the FH Campus Wien