|OS National Grid||TM243313|
|Residents||17,684 (as of 2011) Census
(Harwich and Dovercourt)
|ZIP code section||CO12|
|Part of the country||England|
|region||East of England|
|British Parliament||Harwich and North Essex|
Harwich is in Essex County . Due to its location on the estuary of the Stour and Orwell rivers and its importance as the only safe anchorage between the Thames and the Humber , the place has a long history of maritime importance.
The Royal Navy opened the Harwich naval base here in 1657.
The ferry terminal was built in 1883 by the Great Eastern Railway and opened for passenger ferries. From 1924 the first rail ferries , Train Ferries No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 , from here to Zeebrugge . This connection made it possible for the first time to send goods by rail between Germany and the British Isles without reloading.
In 1938/39, many Jewish children landed here who were allowed to immigrate to Great Britain as part of the Kindertransport .
Harwich International Port is still today one of the most important ferry ports in the UK , with connections across the North Sea to Hoek van Holland (city of Rotterdam ) and (until September 2014) to Esbjerg in Denmark .
sons and daughters of the town
- Christopher Newport (1561–1617), navigator and pirate
- Christopher Jones (1570–1622), captain of the Mayflower
- John Nunn (1803 – after 1860), seaman and author
- Kate Hall (* 1983), Danish singer, presenter and vocal coach