Heinrich Fritsch

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Heinrich Fritsch

Heinrich Fritsch (born December 5, 1844 in Halle , † May 12, 1915 in Hamburg ) was a German gynecologist and university professor. Fritsch was editor of the Centralblatt für Gynäkologie .


Fritsch was the son of the lawyer Gustav Fritsch and his wife Wilhelmine geb. Hartmann. After graduating from high school in Halle in 1865, he studied at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen , the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg and the Friedrichs University of Halle . He became a member of the Corps Suevia Tübingen (1865) and the Corps Guestphalia Halle (1866). In 1869 he was promoted to Dr. med. PhD . He then became a research assistant at the obstetrical clinic in his hometown. In 1873 he completed his habilitation in gynecology .

In 1874 he married Elisabeth Goedecke in Halle. With her he had three daughters, of whom Juli later married the internist Ludolph Brauer and Anna the gynecologist Walter Stoeckel , and three sons, Karl Fritsch (gynecologist) (* 1880), Bernhard Fritsch (* 1882) and Hans (* 1889). Rudolf Fritsch is one of his grandchildren.

Appointed associate professor in 1877 , Fritsch took over the management of the University Clinic in Breslau in 1882. At the same time, the Royal University of Wroclaw appointed him to the chair . For the academic year 1887/88 he was elected rector . In his rector's speech on October 15, 1887, he dealt with the position of doctors in civil society.

In 1893 he followed the call of the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn . His successor in the Ordinariate in Breslau was Otto Küstner .
After 27 years he retired in Bonn in 1910 . Otto von Franqué was appointed his successor here . From 1891 to 1893 Fritsch was the 5th President of the German Society for Gynecology . After his retirement he lived in Hamburg, where he died at the age of 70 and also found his final resting place.


Finkler , Fritsch and Beer (1906)

Fritsch is considered to be the founder of modern gynecology. As a highly respected surgeon, doctor and clinical teacher, he trained a whole generation of important gynecologists. He founded the Centralblatt für Gynäkologie published by Breitkopf und Härtel in Leipzig in 1877 with Hermann Fehling . He became known worldwide for his monographs translated into several languages. His work The Diseases of Women was revised by Walter Stoeckel and Karl Reifferscheid and published in the 13th edition in 1924 under the title Textbook of Gynecology .


While he was still alive he was honored by the University of Bonn with a fountain monument . The Heinrich-Fritsch-Strasse in Bonn was also named in his honor.

Fonts (selection)

  • Clinic for Everyday Obstetric Operations , 1875, 5th edition 1894.
  • The Diseases of Women , 1881, 12th edition 1910.
  • Basics of pathology and therapy of the puerperium . 1884.
  • Forensic obstetrics . 1901.
  • 1870/71. Memories and reflections. A. Marcus & E. Webers Verlag, Bonn 1914.
  • Fruit abortion , in: Alfons von Rosthorn , Fritz Kermauner: Handbook of forensic medical experts. Enke Verlag 1911.

See also


Web links

Commons : Heinrich Fritsch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kösener Corpslisten 1960, 116/944; 129/217
  2. Dissertation: About the surgical treatment of small intestinal occlusion (enterotomy) .
  3. Habilitation thesis: Nonnulla de pelvibus specierum humanarum
  4. Rector's speeches (HKM)
  5. ^ Heinrich-Fritsch-Straße in the Bonn street cadastre