Heinrich Huebschmann

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Johann Heinrich Huebschmann
Gravestone of Hübschmann in Strasbourg

Johann Heinrich Hübschmann (born July 1, 1848 in Erfurt ; † January 20, 1908 in Freiburg im Breisgau ) was a German orientalist . He was the founder of modern Armenian linguistics .


Hübschmann studied in Jena , Tübingen , Leipzig and finally in Munich , where he received his doctorate in 1872 . During his studies he became a member of the Germania Jena fraternity in the winter semester of 1868/69 . His habilitation took place in Leipzig in 1875, where he was appointed full professor the following year . In 1877 he received offers from the universities in Graz and Strasbourg , from which he accepted the latter. Despite further calls to Halle (1885) and Vienna (1900), he stayed in Strasbourg until his death.

As a scientist, he was able to prove above all that Armenian is an independent language, the core of which he exposed by isolating loan word components.

Works (selection)

  • To the case theory. Munich 1875
  • The paraphrase of the Iranian languages ​​and Armenian. Leipzig 1882
  • Armenian studies. 1883
  • The Indo-European vocal system. 1885
  • Etymology and phonology of the Ossetian language. Strasbourg 1887
  • Persian studies. Strasbourg 1895
  • Armenian grammar. I. Part. Armenian etymology. I. Section: The Persian and Arabic loanwords in Old Armenian. Leipzig 1895
    • Armenian grammar. I. Part. Armenian Etymology (Library of Indo-European Grammars. Volume VI), Leipzig 1897
  • The old Armenian place names. With contributions to the historical topography of Armenia and a map. Strasbourg 1904


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gustav Heinrich Schneider : The fraternity Germania zu Jena. A commemorative publication. Jena 1897, p. 571.

Web links

Commons : Johann Heinrich Hübschmann  - Collection of images, videos and audio files