Municipality of Böhl-Iggelheim
|Height :||106 m above sea level NHN|
|Incorporation :||7th June 1969|
|Postal code :||67459|
|Area code :||06324|
Location of Iggelheim in Rhineland-Palatinate
Museum in Iggelheim
Iggelheim is located in the southern part of the local community. The Rehbach and the Steinbach flow through the settlement area in a west-east direction . The former takes up the Landwehrgraben from the left shortly after reaching Iggelheim and the latter takes up the Feldgraben from the right shortly before reaching the development . In the southern part of the district is the Speyer forest , which is traversed by the Ranschgraben ; The Böhler Bruch-Kandelwiese nature reserve is located in this area . The Niederwiesenweiher is located around three kilometers east of the settlement area . There are a total of six natural monuments in and around Iggelheim .
Iggelheim was probably founded in the 7th century, the first reliable mention comes from a document of the Weissenburg monastery in the form "Uelteheim" in the year 991. The name changed from Ugelnheim to Ygelnheim to the current form used since the 19th century. Around the year 1100, together with Böhl and Haßloch , a status as an imperial village is tangible. Ludwig the Bavarian pledged the imperial property (referred to as "care") in 1330 to the Electoral Palatinate . Iggelheim belonged to the Electoral Palatinate until the French Revolution , but in 1379 the place was mortgaged by the Count Palatinate to the Count of Leiningen . During the Thirty Years' War Iggelheim was plundered several times by passing mercenary armies (Spaniards, Swedes) and partly burned down.
From 1798 to 1814, when the Palatinate was part of the French Republic (until 1804) and then part of the Napoleonic Empire , Iggelheim was incorporated into the canton of Mutterstadt and had its own Mairie . In 1815 the place had a total of 1,300 inhabitants. In the same year, Austria was struck. Just one year later, the place, like the entire Palatinate, changed to the Kingdom of Bavaria . From 1818 to 1862 he was a member of the Landkommissariat Speyer ; from this the district office of Speyer emerged. From 1886 Iggelheim was part of the newly created district office of Ludwigshafen .
In 1928 Iggelheim had 2954 inhabitants who lived in 530 residential buildings. Since 1939 the place has been part of the Ludwigshafen am Rhein district , which has been called Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis since 2004 . After the Second World War , Iggelheim became part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate within the French occupation zone . As part of the first administrative reform in Rhineland-Palatinate , Iggelheim was merged with the neighboring municipality of Böhl on June 7, 1969 to form the new local municipality of Böhl-Iggelheim .
The 1928 population statistics show Protestants, 900 Catholics, 18 “Israelites” and 15 “others” in 2021. Both the Catholics and the Protestants each had their own parish on site. The Jews living in the village were buried in Haßloch . On October 22, 1940 Jews from Iggelheim were deported as part of the Wagner-Bürckel campaign .
Economy and Infrastructure
From the 13th century the citizens of Iggelheim had to have their grain ground in the Fronmühle in the neighboring village of Haßloch . From 1929 onwards, water was supplied from the Duttweiler water tower for several decades . In the 1930s, the community savings bank became the property of the district savings bank Ludwigshafen am Rhein , which was called Kreissparkasse Ludwigshafen am Rhein from 1939 and has been known as the Kreissparkasse Rhein-Pfalz since 2004 .
State road 532, which connects the town with Haßloch and Mußbach , runs through Iggelheim . The federal motorway 61 runs in the far east of the district . The closest train station is the Böhl-Iggelheim train station , which is already in the neighboring village of Böhl.
In 1983 the German blind chess championship took place on site , which Ludwig Zier won.
Sons and daughters of the place
- Nikolaus Schöneck (~ 1500–1561), last Catholic pastor in Neustadt an der Weinstrasse before the Reformation
- Justus Siebein (1750–1812), Bavarian General, Knight of the French Legion of Honor and Commander of the Bavarian Military Max Joseph Order.
- Jakob Heinrich Lützel (1823–1899), Iggelheim composer, choir director, elementary school teacher and organist
- Otto Heinrich Thelemann (1858–1928), pastor of the Protestant Church Wüsten from 1884 to 1911
- Erhard Nietzschmann: The free in the country. Former German imperial villages and their coats of arms. Melchior, Wolfenbüttel 2013, ISBN 978-3-944289-16-8 , p. 47.
- daten.digitale-sammlungen.de: List of localities for the Free State of Bavaria . Retrieved March 25, 2016 .
- General Directorate for Cultural Heritage Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Informational directory of cultural monuments - Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis. Mainz 2017, p. 7 f. (PDF; 6.5 MB).