Johann von Schlütter
Johann Julius Konrad von Schlütter (born July 24, 1749 in Stade ; † April 11, 1827 there ) was a German lawyer and judicial clerk in the Kingdom of Hanover , most recently the office director in Stade.
Schlütter belonged to the Hanoverian noble family von Schlütter . His father, Otto Dietrich Wilhelm von Schlütter (1710–1796) was also Stader's office director. Schlütter's mother was Cornelia Charlotte von Sköln (1733–1800). Schlütters grandfather, Major General Johann Christian von Schlütter (1655–1731), was on April 16, 1725 by Emperor Karl VI. been ennobled. Schlütter was married to Agnese Juliane Sophie von Scharnhorst (1753–1828). The marriage resulted in two sons, one of whom was later Major General Andreas von Schlütter (1781–1863).
Schlütter studied law at the universities of Jena and Göttingen until 1771 . He then became an auditor in 1771 in the law firm in Stade, which was led by his father at the time. At that time, Stade belonged to the Electorate of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , and patriarchal office inheritance was common. In 1774 he was Counselor and 1781 also associate assessors in the "consistory" whose director was also his father. In 1795 the electoral government appointed him deputy chancellery director and in 1806, during the French occupation , Schlütter was finally appointed chancellery and consistorial director. After Bremen and Verden were incorporated into the Kingdom of Westphalia , King Jérôme Bonaparte appointed Schlütter President of the Royal Criminal Court in Stade in 1810 , and in this position tried to keep the tradition of his previous court alive. When most of the area was then defeated to the French Empire and formed part of the Département des Bouches de l'Elbe , Schlütter was transferred in 1811 to the newly established Cour impériale de Justice in Hamburg as "Conseiller". When there were uprisings against the French occupation in Hamburg in February 1813 and Russian troops briefly occupied the city in March, Schlütter returned to Stade on April 1, 1813 to reinstate his old office. The French advance through northern Germany during the spring campaign of 1813 , however, initially forced Schlütter to flee. On July 2, he returned for good, already holding his original office before the royal order from London reinstated the old government and judicial colleges in the newly founded Kingdom of Hanover. Schlütter went in 1823 in pension and died in 1827 in a series of strokes .
- Karl Ernst Hermann Krause : Schlütter, Johann von . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 31, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1890, p. 616 f.
- Richard Graewe: The two hundred year history of the Elb-Zoll-Frigate zu Brunshausen and its commanders 1650-1850 (= individual writings of the Stader Geschichts- und Heimatverein eV No. 17, ). Self-published by the Stader Geschichts- und Heimatverein, Stade 1963. Pages 127–131.
- Ernst Peter Johann Spangenberg : New Patriotic Archive. 1827. II, p. 318 ff.
|SURNAME||Schlütter, Johann von|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Schlütter, Johann Julius Konrad von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Royal Hanoverian office director in Stade|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 24, 1749|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Stade|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 11, 1827|
|Place of death||Stade|