Joseph Haßreiter

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Photo from 1918

Joseph Haßreiter (born December 30, 1845 in Mauer near Vienna; † February 8, 1940 in Vienna ; also Josef Hassreiter ) was an Austrian dancer , ballet master and choreographer .


His father was a corp dancer at the Kärntnertortheater and ran a ballet school in Wieden . Joseph Haßreiter received his training in Vienna from 1851 under the solo dancer Gustave Carey (~ 1817–1881) and from the ballet master Giovanni Golinelli (1809–1884) in the ballet school of the Kärntnertortheater, in which performances of the kk court opera took place.

After engagements as first solo dancer at the Royal Court and National Theater in Munich (1864–1868) and then at the Royal Court Theater in Stuttgart , Haßreiter returned to Vienna in 1870 and became the first solo dancer of the Vienna Court Opera Ballet. In this capacity he was a member of the Court Opera for 20 years.

In addition, he ran his own dance institute and was dance master of the high aristocracy, where he a. a. Arranged the charity parties of Princess Pauline Metternich , at times he also worked as a court dance teacher.

On January 1, 1891, Haßreiter was given the post of court ballet master, not least because of his great success with the ballet Die Puppenfee (1888). As director of the ballet ensemble, he fundamentally renewed it and thus became the creator of the Viennese ballet. As director of the ballet dance school at the kk Hof-Operntheater , he also took care of the training of the next generation.

Haßreiter was also active as a director , ballet master and choreographer , often also on stages abroad, such as in Berlin or Milan. He wrote the choreography to 48 plants and 10 ballets the libretto, including the Puppenfee that with most listed Ballet in Germany. During Haßreiter's lifetime alone, this work had more than 600 performances in Vienna and it was performed on more than 500 stages around the world.

His final resting place is at the Penzinger Friedhof (south wall, crypt 18). In 1935, on the occasion of his 90th birthday, the Haßreitersteig in Vienna- Liesing was named after him.


as well as numerous foreign medals


In his choreographies, Haßreiter placed particular emphasis on the decorative use of stage and stage means and used the latest stage technology available at the time. In collaboration with the composers, he created rapid sequences of scenes in his ballets, in which a hierarchically ordered ensemble could impress in large-scale formations.

“The artist's contributions to the art of dance are recorded in gold letters in the history of the institute. Had Haßreiter only created 'The Puppet Fairy', this would have been enough to secure a lasting memory of his name. But his other works are also among the pearls of dance poetry of all times. Our ballet was a family and Haßreiter was our father and friend. He rightly carried the honorary title 'Papa Haßreiter' not only because of his services to the artistic leadership of his students, but also because of his loving care in private matters. "

  • The doll fairy . Libretto: Friedrich Gaul and Joseph Haßreiter, music: Josef Bayer , premiere : October 4, 1888 at the KK Hof-Operntheater (where all of the following works were also premiered)
  • Sun and earth . Libretto: Friedrich Gaul and Joseph Haßreiter, music: Josef Bayer, November 19, 1889
  • A dance fairy tale . Libretto: Friedrich Gaul and Joseph Haßreiter, music: Josef Bayer, 1890
  • Rouge et noir . Libretto: Hermann Heinrich Regel, music: Josef Bayer, 1891
  • The golden fairy tale world . Libretto: Friedrich Gaul, music: Heinrich Berté , 1893
  • Around Vienna . Libretto: Friedrich Gaul and Alfred Maria Willner , music: Josef Bayer, 1894
  • The bride of Korea . Libretto: Hermann Heinrich Regel and Joseph Haßreiter, music: Josef Bayer, 1897
  • The red shoes . Libretto: Hermann Heinrich Regel and Joseph Haßreiter, music: Raoul Maria Mader, 1898
  • The pearl of Iberia . Libretto: Irene Sironi, music: Josef Hellmesberger junior , 1902
  • Atelier brothers Japonet . Libretto: Joseph Haßreiter, music: Franz Skofitz, 1906
  • Cinderella . Libretto: Hermann Heinrich Regel after Albert Kollmann, music: Johann Strauss (son) , supplemented by Josef Bayer, 1908
  • The seasons of love . Libretto: Hermann Heinrich Regel, music: Franz Schubert , arranged by Julius Lehnert, 1911
  • The princess of tragacanth . Libretto: Hermann Heinrich Regel, music: Oscar Straus , November 13, 1912 under the direction of Bruno Walter
  • The eighteenth Lenz . Libretto: Joseph Haßreiter, music: Archduchess Maria Immakulata, orchestrated by Josef Klein; 1918


Web links

Commons : Joseph Haßreiter  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ The 80th birthday of Josef Haßreiter .. In:  Neue Freie Presse , Abendblatt, December 30, 1925, p. 4 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp
  2. Court Opera Theater. In:  Neue Freie Presse , November 14, 1912, p. 14 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp
  3. Julius KorngoldIt may have been Oskar Straus' most ardent waltz dream to have his say in the court opera. In:  Neue Freie Presse , November 14, 1912, p. 3 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp
  4. ↑ Set image from the dance play “The Princess of Tragant” by Oscar Straus .. In:  Wiener Bilder , November 17, 1912, p. 9 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrb
  5. ^ The eighteenth Lenz .. In:  Sport & Salon , May 19, 1918, p. 7 (online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / sus(With pictures)