Joseph Schubert (Bishop)

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Joseph Schubert

Joseph Schubert (born July 6, 1890 in Bucharest , † April 4, 1969 in Munich ) was a secret bishop of the Roman Catholic Church in Romania and titular bishop of Ceramussa .


After attending grammar school in Engelberg, Switzerland, the son of parents of German origin studied at the Archbishop's Seminar in Bucharest and at the University of Innsbruck , where he was ordained a priest on July 15, 1916 by Sigismund Waitz , titular bishop of Cibyra and later Archbishop of Salzburg . Then he returned to Romania, was first pastor in several rural parishes, from 1932 pastor and Metropolitan Canon, later Canon of St. Joseph's Cathedral in Bucharest. In his functions, he founded aid centers for the poor. He was also the initiator of the Buletinul Parohial magazine .

After the communists came to power, the Greek Catholic and Roman Catholic Churches in particular were exposed to severe repression and persecution. Schubert's ordination was announced on November 30, 1948 in Bucharest, the appointment as apostolic administrator and titular bishop of Ceramussa and the ordination as bishop all took place in secret. The episcopal ordination received his Archbishop Gerald Patrick Aloysius O'Hara , the apostolic nuncio in Romania , on June 26, 1950 in Bucharest.

After the Archbishop of Bucharest Alexandru Theodor Cisar was obliged to stay in the Franciscan monastery of Orăştie in May 1950 , Schubert led the diocese for a short time as bishop until he and all his possible successors on February 17, 1951 on the orders of the head of the Securitate ( Gheorghe Pintilie ) were interned. In anticipation of this, he succeeded in consecrating Alexandru Todea , the later cardinal , on November 19, 1950, as Greek Catholic and titular bishop of Caesaropolis - again in secret.

Schubert was sentenced to life imprisonment in a show trial with other high-ranking clerics.

On February 17, 1951, Bishop Schubert was arrested at the height of the Stalinist persecution and only released on August 4, 1964. Hieronymus Menges represented him in Bucharest as Ordinarius Substitutus and Apostolic Special Delegate before he too was arrested in 1952. Joseph Schubert was banished to the monastery of the English Misses of Timișu de Sus ( German  Obertemesch ) in 1964 without being allowed to exercise his episcopal or priestly functions again. In 1969 the Holy See, as part of its new Ostpolitik , allowed Schubert to leave the country.

He left the country on January 24, 1969, a seriously ill man marked by torture and privation. In February 1969, the bishop went to a private audience with Pope Paul VI. to Rome, where he reported on the problems of the Roman, but above all the Romanian Greek Catholic Church . A few weeks later he died in a Munich clinic. Cardinal Julius Döpfner celebrated the Requiem .

Schubert was buried in the bishop's crypt of the Frauenkirche in Munich.


  • Hieronymus Menges: Joseph Schubert. 1890-1969. Salesian book printing, Ensdorf 1971.
  • Hieronymus Menges:  Schubert, Joseph. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 23, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-428-11204-3 , p. 616 ( digitized version ).
  • Ioan Ploscaru : Lanțuri și Teroare. Editura Signata, Timișoara 1993.
  • William Totok: The forgotten Stalinist show trial against the "Vatican spies" in Romania 1951. In: Hermann Weber, Ulrich Mählert, Bernhard H. Bayerlein a. a. (Ed.): Yearbook for Historical Research on Communism 2005. Aufbau Verlag, Berlin 2005, pp. 233–259.
  • William Totok: The Bishop, Hitler and the Securitate. The Stalinist show trial of the so-called »Vatican spies« in Bucharest in 1951. 8 parts. In: Half-yearly publication for Southeast European history, literature and politics (HJS). (I): Vol. 17, No. 1, 2005, ISSN  0939-3420 , pp. 25-41; (II): Vol. 17, No. 2, 2005, pp. 45-62; (III): Vol. 18, No. 1, 2006, pp. 23-43; (IV): Vol. 18, No. 2, 2006, pp. 21-41; (V): Volume 19, No. 1/2007, pp. 27-41; (VI): Volume 19, No. 2/2007, pp. 34-50; (VII): Vol. 20, No. 1/2008, pp. 17-24; (VIII): Vol. 20, No. 2/2008, pp. 45-59.
  • William Totok: Episcopul, Hitler și Securitatea - Procesul stalinist împotriva »spionilor Vaticanului« din România. Editura Polirom, Iași, 2008.
  • William Totok: Securitate and Vatican. In: Horch and Guck , Volume 21, Issue 76, 2/2012, pp. 52–55.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b ( Memento of February 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), The Apostolic Succession. Bishop Joseph Schubert.
  2. half-yearly publication hjs-online
  3. Aspecte secundare ale procesului intentat 'spionilor Vaticanului' in 1951. Materiale inedite din arhivele aparatuluirepriv . In: Timpul , anul VII, No. 7-8 / iulie-august 2006, pp. 14-15.
  4. Mircea Rusnac, Procesul intentat conducătorilor Bisericii Catolice din Banat
  5. Hieronymus Menges: Joseph Schubert 1890-1969. Salesian book printing, Ensdorf 1971