Ioan Ploscaru

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Ioan Ploscaru (born November 19, 1911 in Frata , Klausenburg County , Austria-Hungary ; † July 31, 1998 in Lugoj , Romania ) was the Romanian Greek Catholic Bishop of Lugoj ( German:  Lugosch ; Hungarian: Lugos ). During the Ceaușescu dictatorship he worked as a secret bishop in the underground.


Coming from a farming family, he attended elementary school in his hometown and then the high school in Blaj . After graduating from high school in 1929, he entered the seminary in Blaj and was ordained a celibate priest on September 17, 1933 by Bishop Valeriu Traian Frențiu , Bishop of Oradea (Greater Oradea) for Archbishop Vasile Suciu , who was sick .

He traveled to Strasbourg (Alsace) for further studies . In 1938 he was incardinated in the clergy of the Lugoj diocese at the request of Archbishop Alexandru Nicolescu . He went to Strasbourg again to prepare for his dissertation . When the Second World War broke out , theology students left Strasbourg and went to Paris . He arrived in Lugoj on the last train via Italy and Yugoslavia on June 9, 1940; on that day Paris capitulated to the German occupation. Bishop Ioan Bălan appointed him its secretary. In 1942 he became cathedral capitular in Lugoj and in 1945 vicar general .

After the arrest or under house arrest of the Romanian Greek Catholic bishops in late October 1948, Pope Pius XII appointed him . as auxiliary bishop and at the same time titular bishop of Trapezopolis . He received his episcopal ordination on November 30, 1948 in the chapel of the nunciature in Bucharest, the official in the apostolic nunciature, Bishop Gerald Patrick Aloysius O'Hara ; A co - consecrator was Alexandru Theodor Cisar , the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bucharest. The attaché and secretary of the Nunciature Guido del Mestri , who was expelled in 1950 and was Apostolic Nuncio in Germany from 1975 to 1984 , also took part in the ordination .

He was arrested on August 28, 1949 and was held in police custody until December 8, 1949. He was arrested again on October 27, 1950 and taken to the notorious Sighet Prison . Released in 1955, he was arrested again in a new wave of arrests on August 15, 1956, indicted in 1957 and sentenced to a total of 45 years in prison. He describes the atrocities and torture in detail in his biography. Amnestied in 1964 , he worked largely from underground.

After the end of the Ceaușescu dictatorship , he was appointed Bishop of Lugoj on March 14, 1990 by Pope John Paul II . On November 20, 1995, he resigned from office, which the Pope also accepted. On November 29, 1996, John Paul II appointed the retired Bishop Ioan Ploscaru Archbishop pro hac vice .

He died on July 31, 1998 and was buried in the crypt of Lugoj Cathedral.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 121, Number 10.854
  2. ^ Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 154, Necrology
  3. ^ Revue des Ordinations Épiscopales, Issue 1948, number 132
  4. Detailed biography of Ioan Ploscaru (Romanian)
  5. Silvestru Augustin Prunduş, Clemente Plăianu: Catholicism and Orthodoxy Romanian. Brief history of the Romanian United Church. Christian Life Publishing House, Cluj 1994.
  6. Silvestru Augustin Prunduş, Clemente Plăianu: The 12 Martyrs bishops. Christian Life Publishing House, Cluj 1998.
predecessor Office successor
Ioan Bălan Bishop of Lugoj
Alexandru Mesian