Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander

Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander (born December 27, 1803 in Fischbach near Hirschberg , Silesia , † June 4, 1879 in Quirl , Silesia) was a German pedagogue and Germanist . He put on the largest existing collection of German proverbs .


Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander was the eldest son of Fischbach's village tailor. He attended the school there from 1810. In 1818 he began an apprenticeship as a carpenter in Warmbrunn , which he broke off after six months in order to learn his dream job as a teacher. First he was trained by the village pastor, then from 1822 to 1824 at the Bunzlau teachers' college. He then worked as an assistant teacher in Gießmannsdorf before moving to the Protestant city school in Hirschberg in 1827 . There he practiced the Pestalocian ideas in his mother tongue lessons. He also campaigned for teacher emancipation. His liberal, sometimes called communist, attitude often led to friction with his superiors. This led to a house search and removal from office in 1845. In 1847 he was reinstated after an acquittal, but after the March Revolution in 1848 he had to finally give up the teaching profession in 1849. He was dismissed as a "seducer and seducer to riot and rebellion". He emigrated to the USA in 1850, but returned to Germany the following year.

In 1852 he went into business for himself with a spice shop in Hermsdorf . In 1874 he moved to whisk , a village between Hirschberg and Schmiedeberg to where he died 1879th In the GDR he was seen as a pioneer from liberalism to socialism. The Pedagogical University in Dresden and secondary schools in Magdeburg and Leipzig bore his name.

His linguistic life's work was proverb research . Even as a teacher, he collected these and used them for teaching purposes. He published various collections of proverbs, first for children. From 1862 he created his German Proverbs Lexicon , the largest collection of proverbs to date with over 250,000 entries (according to Walther Killy: Literature Lexicon ). Wander also gives equivalents in many foreign languages ​​to numerous German proverbs.


Educational works

  • The sentence in its all-roundness . Self-published, Hirschberg 1829
  • Complete practice school for German spelling . Heymann, Glogau 1831
  • Reading school. Hirschberg 1833 (under the pseudonym Willmann Rorig)
  • History. 6 parts (January to June), Hennings, Neisse 1835-1838
  • The German language Lustgarten . Heymann, Berlin 1839
  • Silesian school preparatory education. Nesener, Hirschberg, 1840
  • Complete set of tasks for language students in elementary schools or tasks for all branches of teaching in the mother tongue . 6 parts, Heymann, Berlin 1841–1843
  • The elementary school as a state institution . Wigand, Leipzig 1842
  • The maligned Diesterweg . Wigand, Leipzig 1843
  • Theological, that is irrefutable proof that the school is the maid of the Church . Wigand, Leipzig 1844
  • First guide through the German poet's grove . Korn, Breslau 1845
  • Educational letters from the Rhine. Verlag von Heinrich Hoff, Mannheim 1845 (under the pseudonym BG Wuntschli)
  • Edited library of the latest land and sea travel for the youth. Lucas, Hirschberg 1845
  • The poetic children's world . Verlag-Comptoir, Grimma 1845
  • Language book for city and country schools. Hirschberg 1846
  • Open letter to His Excellency, the Königl. Prussia. Minister of Spiritual, Educational and Medicinal Affairs, Dr. Squirrel . Wigand, Leipzig 1846
  • Letters from the Elbe on pedagogical, political and religious issues of the day. Wigand, Leipzig 1846 (under the pseudonym Arnold Salzmann)
  • Timeline for history class. Hirschberg 1847
  • Five years from the life of a German elementary school teacher. Publishing Comptoirs, Grimma 1848
  • The old elementary school and the new one. Trewendt, Breslau 1848
  • German school, house and child friend. Publishing Comptoir, Grimma [1848]
  • Educational guardian . Hirschberg and Bunzlau 1849-1852 (magazine, 4 issues)
  • Ernst Will or the life in the community Strebmannsdorf, publishing house of the Allgemeine Deutsche Volksschriften-Verein . Berlin 1848
  • Pocket catechism for the people. Hirschberg 1849; 2nd edition, Rosenthal, Hirschberg 1850
  • Letters from the Oder about educational, religious and political conditions. Kollmann, Leipzig 1850 (under the pseudonym Ernst Pfeffer)
  • Emigration Catechism . Flemming, Glogau 1852 (reprint Lang, Bern [among others] 1988, ISBN 3-261-03799-7 )
  • The office of the teacher Wander in Löwenberg. Würger, Hamburg 1855
  • A petition for a better rural community. Franz Duncker, Berlin 1860
  • The attempted murder against the teacher Wander in front of the Jauer jury. Neustadt 1861
  • Three years from my life. Publishing house of the cooperative book printing company, Leipzig 1878
  • Gerd Hohendorf (ed.): The fight for school. Educational policy and educational writings. 2 volumes, People and Knowledge, Berlin 1979
  • Ludwig Barth and Werner Jokubeit (eds.); Peter Beirich (illustrations): … glowing for his wonderful job. From the writings of the pedagogue Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander. Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-326-00410-9

Collections of proverbs

  • Divisional coin . JS Landolt, Hirschberg 1831
  • Christmas nuts . Nesener in Komm., Hirschberg 1832
  • Nuts for children all year round . Zimmer, Hirschberg 1835
  • General treasure trove of proverbs . Zimmer, Hirschberg 1836 (reprinted under the title Das Sprichwort , Lang, Bern 1983, ISBN 3-261-03249-9 )
  • The proverb garden . Kohn, Breslau 1838
  • Abrahamisches Parömiakon or The Proverbs of Abraham a Sancta Clara . Kohn, Breslau 1838
  • German proverb lexicon . 5 volumes, Brockhaus, Leipzig 1867–1880 (reprints by Scientia-Verl, Aalen 1963; Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1970, ISBN 3-534-01401-4 ; Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Athenaion, Kettwig 1987. Also published as CD-ROM and on DVD in the jubilee volume Language of the Digital Library, 2007: ISBN 978-3-89853-257-0 )
  • Political Proverbs Breviary . Wigand, Leipzig 1872 (reprint Lang, Bern [among others] 1990, ISBN 3-261-04232-X )



  • Otto Ruysch (pseudonym for Otto Kemmer): The "red wander" . Vökner, Hamburg 1892
  • Hugo Wander (Ed.): Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander. A German school and folk man of the 19th century. Self-published, Quirl 1903
  • Rudolf Hoffmann: The "Red Wander". A picture from the gloomy days of the German elementary school and its teachers. For the 125th birthday and 50th anniversary of KFW Wanders' death. Beltz, Langensalza 1929; Revised by Friedrich Heilmann: Werden und Wirken, Weimar 1948
  • Rudolf Hoffmann: Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander. A study of the relationship between politics and education in the 19th century. Beltz, Langensalza 1929; also: Philosophical dissertation, Erlangen 1929
  • Fritz Thiele: The “red” wanderer and its time. Reminder sheets for the 150th birthday of Friedrich Wilhelm Wanders (born December 27, 1803, died June 4, 1879). Working Group of German Teachers' Associations, Darmstadt 1953
  • Ernst Eichler (head): Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander 1803–1879. People and Knowledge, Berlin 1954
  • Annelies Herzog: Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander as a collector and editor of the German proverbs. Dissertation, Dresden University of Technology, April 29, 1957
  • Franz Hofmann: Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander. People and Knowledge, Berlin 1961
  • Heinz Kurz: The political and school-political struggle of KFW Wanders in the bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1848/49. People and Knowledge, Berlin 1982; under the title The political and school-political struggle of Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wanders in the bourgeois-democratic revolution of 1848. Dissertation, Pädagogische Hochschule Potsdam, October 21, 1965
  • Gerd Hohendorf (head): Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander (1803–1879). Pedagogical University, Dresden 1978 (selected bibliography)
  • Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander and the educational-political-pedagogical movements in the middle of the 19th century. Protocol of the hiking award 1979. [without publisher], Dresden 1979
  • Oskar Geppert: The free-spirited schoolboy Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander . Dissertation, University of Giessen, 1988
  • Diethelm Krause-Hotopp: The young wander. A contribution to the history of the lower school system in Prussia during the restoration (= Braunschweiger Arbeits zur Schulpädagogik, Volume 5). Technical University of Braunschweig, 1989; also: Dissertation, Technical University of Braunschweig, 1989 (with a detailed list of works and references)
  • Jürgen Schäfer: Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wanders Language Books (= Contributions to the History of German Lessons, Volume 40). Lang, Frankfurt am Main [et al.] 1999, ISBN 3-631-31675-5

Further literature

  • Karl Gabriel Nowack: Silesian writer lexicon . Issue 6, Korn, Breslau 1843
  • Johann B. Heindl: Gallery of famous educators . Volume 2, Finsterlin, Munich 1859
  • Ludwig Julius Fränkel:  Wander, Friedrich Wilhelm . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 41, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1896, pp. 139-143.
  • D. Oppermann: Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wander . In: Günther Wolgast and Joachim H. Knoll : Biographical hand dictionary of adult education . Burg-Verlag, Stuttgart and Bonn 1986, ISBN 3-922801-84-6
  • Wolfgang bodice : Wander, Karl Friedrich Wilhelm . In: Walther Killy (Ed.): Literaturlexikon . Bertelsmann-Lexikon-Verlag, Gütersloh and Munich 1988–1992, Volume 12, ISBN 3-570-04682-6

Web links