Karl Peter Buttler

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Karl Peter Buttler (born October 26, 1942 in Frankfurt am Main ; † December 23, 2018 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German botanist , ecologist , systematist and especially an expert in the field of orchids . From Karl Peter Buttler come a. a. the first descriptions of the two orchid species Ophrys aymoninii and Ophrys holoserica subsp. apulica as well as from Draba dolomitica and Viola wittrockiana . Its author 's abbreviation is Butler .


Karl Peter Buttler studied biology , from 1961 to 1963 at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main and then at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . In 1967 he received his doctorate in Munich in the group of Hermann Merxmüller with a study on "Cytotaxonomic examinations of Central and Southern European Draba species". Then he was u. a. until 1978 employed as a scientific assistant at the Institute for Systematic Botany at the University of Munich. In the following years he worked as a freelance botanist and non-fiction author in Frankfurt am Main and Offenbach am Main until shortly before his death in 2018 .

Buttler collected numerous plants as evidence for various herbaria ; The Frankfurt herbarium of the Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung alone shows 32,000 of its herbarium specimens, mainly from the Mediterranean, Germany (with a focus on Hesse) and Scandinavia (as of December 2018). He was also in collaboration with Michael Thieme lead author of Flore list of Germany , a survey freely available on the Internet through the totality of all occurring in Germany vascular plants - species . The nomenclature of this “standard list” has been changed. a. the standard work Rothmaler: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland is based.

Buttler is the main author of the updated “List of Vascular Plants in Germany”, which was published in December 2018 in cooperation with the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN).

Together with other botanists, he co-authored the third and fourth versions of the Red List of Fern and Seed Plants in Hesse in 1997 and 2008 and was responsible for their list of flora.

Publications (selection)


  • Orchids. The colored nature guides. Time Life, Fairfax, Virginia and New York City 2002.
  • List of names for the flora of the fern and seed plants in Hesse. 1st version. Botanical Association for Nature Conservation in Hesse, Frankfurt am Main 1993.
  • Field Guide to Orchids of Britain and Europe. Crowood Press, Marlborough (Wiltshire), 1991.
  • My hobby: getting to know plants. BLV Buchverlag , Munich 1990, ISBN 978-3-40512823-4 .
  • with Gunter Steinbach (Ed.): Steinbach's natural guide: Orchids. Mosaik Verlag , 1986, ISBN 978-3-57604403-6 .
  • Orchids. The wild-growing species and subspecies of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Bertelsmann Club , Kornwestheim 1986 / German Book Association , Darmstadt 1986.
  • with various others: Plants of the Mediterranean area. Mosaik Verlag, Munich 1986.
  • My hobby: getting to know plants. Botanizing and field observation. BLV Naturführer, BLV Buchverlag, Munich 1983.
  • as translator: John Seymour's gardening school. Christian-Verlag, Munich 1980.

Technical publications

  • Orchis elegans Heuffel in Hessen! In: Hessian floristic letters. Volume 13, No. 145, 1964, pp. 1-3.
  • Cytotaxonomic studies on central and southern European Draba species. In: Communications from the Botanical State Collection, Munich. Volume 6, 1967, pp. 275-362. At the same time Diss.nat, Munich 1967.
  • Draba dolomitica Buttler, an overlooked species of the Dolomites and the Brenner Alps. Characteristics - distribution - relationship. In: Communications from the Botanical State Collection, Munich. Volume 8, 1969, pp. 539-566.
  • The Ophrys ciliata (speculum) group, a reassessment (Orchidaceae: Orchideae). In: Annual reports of the Wuppertal Natural Science Association. Volume 36, 1983, pp. 37-57.
  • Taxonomy of Orchidaceae tribus Orchideae, a traditional approach. In: Journal of European Orchids. Volume 33, No. 1, 2001, pp. 7–32, full text (PDF)
  • with Ralf Hand: List of vascular plants in Germany . In: Kochia. Supplement 1, 2008, pp. 1–107.
  • Revision of Platanthera bifolia sensu lato. Taxonomic-nomenclature reassessment of the shape circle around the white forest hyacinth. In: Annual reports of the Wetterau Society for all natural history in Hanau. Volume 159–161, 2012, pp. 93–108, full text (PDF)
  • Karl Peter Buttler, Rudolf May, Detlev Metzing: List of vascular plants in Germany. Florensynopsis and synonyms. In: BfN- Skripten Volume 519, pp. 1–286, full text (PDF) and Excel list in ZIP file

Web links

 Wikispecies: Karl Peter Buttler  - Species Directory

Individual evidence

  1. We mourn Karl Peter Buttler. ( Memento from January 12, 2019 in the Internet Archive )
  2. a b Index Collectorum Herbarii Senckenbergiani (FR). Last accessed on December 29, 2018
  3. Flora List of Germany. Last accessed on December 29, 2018
  4. ^ Eckehart J. Jäger: Rothmaler: Exkursionsflora von Deutschland. Vascular plants, baseline. 21st edition, Springer Spectrum, Berlin and Heidelberg 2017, p. 14, ISBN 978-3-662-49707-4 .
  5. ^ Karl Peter Buttler, Rudolf May, Detlev Metzing: List of vascular plants in Germany. Florensynopsis and synonyms. In: BfN-Skripten 519, pp. 1–286, ISBN 978-3-89624-256-3
  6. Red List of Fern and Seed Plants in Hesse. 4th version.