Satellite image of the Lesser Caucasus ( center, bottom ).
|Highest peak||Gamış dağı ( Murovdağ ) ( 3724 m )|
|location||Georgia , Armenia , Azerbaijan|
|Coordinates||40 ° N , 46 ° E|
Lesser Caucasus near Dilijan (Armenia)
The Lesser Caucasus (also Anti-Caucasus , Georgian მცირე კავკასიონი mcire k'avk'asioni ; Azerbaijani Kiçik Qafqaz Dağları ) is an approximately 600 km long mountain range in Asia between the Black and Caspian Sea , extending up to 3724 m from west-northwest to east-southeast towers. With all its mountain ranges it is up to 120 km wide and lies on the territories of Georgia , Armenia and Azerbaijan .
The Lesser Caucasus is not an independent mountain range, but a section of the North Anatolian-Northern Iranian chain mountains with ceiling construction and young volcanoes . The mountain ranges of the Lesser Caucasus encircle the Armenian highlands to the north and east. The Kura rises in the Armenian highlands and breaks through the central section of the Lesser Caucasus in a northerly direction. To the north, the Lesser Caucasus falls in the west to the Colchian Plain , in the middle section to the Kura Valley and in the east to the Transcaucasian Depression . In the west, the Lesser Caucasus borders the Pontic Mountains . Beyond the river valley of the Aras the mountain system of the Elbursgebirge forms the south-eastern continuation. The Lesser Caucasus is connected to the Greater Caucasus , which runs parallel to the north, via the ridge of the Surami Mountains . The highest mountain is the Gamış dağı in the Murovdağ mountain range in Azerbaijan ( 3724 m ).
The main mountain ranges of the Lesser Caucasus from west to east are listed below:
- Meschetisches Mountains ( Ajaro-Imeretisches Mountains )
- Trialeti Mountains
- Somcheti Mountains
- Bazum Mountains
- Murgus Mountains
- Sewan Mountains
- Karabakh Mountains
- ↑ a b c Article Little Caucasus in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D073162~2a%3DKleiner%20Caucasus~2b%3DKleiner%20Caucasus