|Residents||14,740 (as of: 2001)|
|ZIP code section||HG5|
|Part of the country||England|
|region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
|British Parliament||Harrogate & Knaresborough|
The city is between Harrogate , York , Leeds and Ripon , about five miles west of the historic Great North Road, which runs through England, and about halfway between London and Edinburgh. This part of Yorkshire is home to the Yorkshire Dales , for which the landscape is known and which make Knaresborough a tourist center.
Knaresborough is first mentioned in a document as Chednaresburg or Chenaresburg. Knaresborough Castle dates from the Normans around 1100. As a result, the place grew into a market and offered craftsmen and traders a livelihood in the shadow of the castle. St. John's Church also dates from this period. The first mention of a Lord of Knaresborough dates from 1115 with Serlo de Burgh as holder of the Honor of Knaresborough . In 1158 Hugh de Morville became Lord and Guardian (Constable) of Knaresborough. Later he was one of four knights involved in the murder of Archbishop Thomas Beckett in Canterbury Cathedral on December 29, 1170. The four knights then fled to Knaresborough and hid in the castle. Although the murder went unpunished, de Morville was stripped of control of Knaresborough for participating in the rebellion of the young King Henry . As a result, Knaresborough went to the Stuteville family , who continued to exist until the end of their line through the death of Robert de Stuteville IV. On April 15, 1210, the place fell to King Johann Ohneland himself.
Even today, Knaresborough Forest is known to have been one of the king's favorite hunting grounds.
Although the market was mentioned for the first time in 1206, it took until 1310 for it to receive royal permission from Edward II . The traditional market is still held every Wednesday today.
During Edward's reign the castle was occupied several times and the walls damaged by siege weapons. A large part of the village and the castle were later burned down by the Scots .
On the marriage of Queen Philippa and Edward III. Knaresborough was rebuilt as a wedding present and bequeathed to Philippa. After her death in 1369, the city fell to her youngest son, John of Gaunt .
During the English Civil War and following the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644, the city was besieged by paramilitary forces. When the castle fell in 1646, Parliament decided to demolish the castle, but this was not done until two years later, in 1648. The destruction was mainly carried out by the inhabitants, who used the stones and with them built a large part of the city center.
A town partnership with the East Hessian town of Bebra has existed since 1969 . In 2009 and 2010 celebrations took place in Bebra and Knaresborough to mark the 40th anniversary, as the twinning was sealed in Bebra in 1969 and in Knaresborough in 1970.
For the bed race (see below) and the Bebraer Kirmes , annual meetings of the two partnership associations are also held.
Sights and events
Knaresborough is a city rich in landmarks and legends. Mother Shipton , a medieval seer , is said to have been born in a cave south of the city. Another attraction is England's oldest pharmacy, Ye Oldest Chymist Shoppe In England, dating from 1720.
Various major charity events are held annually. The "Knaresborough Bed Race" should be mentioned here as the largest. In this competition, which takes place on the first weekend in June, there are over 70 "beds" with 6 pushers and a driver each, who go on a quarter-hour race across town. The highlight is the crossing of the river Nidd. In addition to the temporary race, the wire frames known as beds are also evaluated according to costumes and jewelry and winners are chosen in various disciplines. The field of participants consists of the entire surrounding area and the German twin town of Bebra.
The city's football flagship is the seventh division Knaresborough Town FC. There are also two cricket teams, Knaresborough Forest Cricket Club and the Knaresborough Cricket Club.
Born in Knaresborough
- Ursula Southeil (1488–1561) alias Mother Shipton, medieval seer
- John Metcalf (1717-1810) alias Blind Jack of Knaresborough, road builder
Have lived and worked in the city
- St. Robert (1160–1218), hermit from the 12th century
- Richard II (1367–1400), King of England, imprisoned at Knaresborough
- Guy Fawkes (1570–1606), Catholic officer, assassin of the English king
- Eugene Aram (1704–1759), philologist and murderer of his wife's lover
- A Brief History ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 758 kB) Harrogate Council, 2004. Accessed July 24, 2007
- A Brief History of Knaresborough Turner, Dr Maurice. (1990).